Barhi (community development block)

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Barhi
Community development block
Barhi is located in Jharkhand
Barhi
Barhi
Location in Jharkhand
Barhi is located in India
Barhi
Barhi
Barhi (India)
Coordinates: 24°18′N 85°25′E / 24.3°N 85.42°E / 24.3; 85.42Coordinates: 24°18′N 85°25′E / 24.3°N 85.42°E / 24.3; 85.42
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictHazaribagh
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Elevation
374 m (1,227 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total131,669
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
825405 (Barhi)
Telephone code/ STD06543
Vehicle registrationJH 02
Lok Sabha constituencyHazaribagh
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBarhi
Websitehazaribag.nic.in

Barhi is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barhi subdivision of Hazaribagh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Overview[edit]

Hazaribagh district is spread over a part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The central plateau, averaging a height of 2,000 ft (610 m), occupies the central part of the district. On all sides, except on the western side, it is surrounded by the lower plateau, averaging a height of 1,300 ft (396 m), the surface being undulating. In the north and the north-west the lower plateau forms a fairly level tableland till the ghats, when the height drops to about 700 ft (213 m) and slopes down gradually. The Damodar and the Barakar form the two main watersheds in the district. DVC has constructed the Konar Dam across the Konar River. It is a forested district with cultivation as the main occupation of the people. Coal is the main mineral found in this district. China clay is also found in this district.[1][2][3] Inaugurating the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana in 2016, Raghubar Das, Chief Minister of Jharkhand, had indicated that there were 23 lakh BPL families in Jharkhand.[4] There was a plan to bring the BPL proportion in the total population down to 35%.[5]

Maoist activities[edit]

Right from its inception in 2000. Jharkhand was a “laboratory” for Naxalites to experiment with their ideas of establishing a parallel government. As of 2005, 16 of the 22 districts in the state, including Hazaribagh district, was transformed into a “guerrilla zone”. The movement was not restricted to armed operations but included kangaroo courts called Jan adalats, elected village bodies and people's police.[6] Jharkhand, with a dense forest cover over a large part of the state, offers a favourable terrain for the Naxalites to build their bases and operate. Annual fatalities in Jharkhand were 117 in 2003 and 150 in 2004.[7] In 2013 Jharkhand was considered one of the two states in the country most affected by Left wing extremism and Jharkhand police set up an exclusive cell to deal with Maoist activities.[8] However, in the same year, when Jharkhand police identified 13 focus areas for combating Maoist extremism, Hazaribagh district was not one of them.[9]

Geography[edit]

Barhi is located at 24°18′N 85°25′E / 24.3°N 85.42°E / 24.3; 85.42. It has an average elevation of 374 metres (1,227 ft).[10]

Barhi CD Block is bounded by Chandwara CD Block, in Koderma district, on the north, Barkatha CD Block on the east, Ichak and Padma CD Blocks, on the south and Mayurhand CD Block, in Chatra district, and Chauparan CD Block on the west.[11][12]

As of 2001, Barhi CD Block had an area of 365.46 km2.[13] As of 2011, Barhi CD Block had 20 gram panchayats,[14] 100 inhabited villages[15] and two census towns (Barhi, Konra).[16] Barhi police station serves this CD Block,[17] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Barhi.[18]

It is located 39 km north of Hazaribagh, the district headquarters.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Barhi CD Block had a total population of 131,660, of which 111,544 were rural and 20,125 were urban. There were 67,918 (52%) males and 63,751 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 23,612. Scheduled Castes numbered 22,696 (17.24%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 3,513 (2.67%).[16]

Census towns in Barhi CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Barhi (11,867) and Konra (8,258).[16]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Barhi CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Gauria Karma (5,964), Rasoia Dhamna (5,065), Nagar Barsot (5,974) and Dhanwar (4,345).[16]

Literacy[edit]

As of 2011 census, the total number of literates in Barhi CD Block was 73,904 (68.39% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 44,398 (79.87% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 29,506 (56.23% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 23.64%.[16]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Hazaribagh district was 70.48%. Literacy in Jharkhand was 67.63% in 2011.[19] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[20][21]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[22] Jharkhand legislature had passed a bill according the status of a second official language to several languages in 2011 but the same was turned down by the Governor.[23][24][25]

The three most populous mother-tongues (spoken language which is medium of conversation with the mother of children), as per data available from 2001 census in a Note on mother-tongue of earlier census, published in District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, were: Khortha, Hindi and Urdu.[26]

Numerically, five important scheduled tribes in the district were: Santali, Oraon, Munda, Karmali and Bedia.[26]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

Livelihood
in Barhi CD Block

  Cultivators (45.62%)
  Agricultural labourers (21.03%)
  Household industries (1.96%)
  Other Workers (31.40%)

In Barhi CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 23,152 and formed 45.62%, agricultural labourers numbered 10,673 and formed 21.03%, household industry workers numbered 995 and formed 1.96% and other workers numbered 15,935 and formed 33.40%. Total workers numbered 50,755 and formed 38.55% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 80,914 and formed 61.45% of the population.[27]

Note: In the census records, a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[28]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 100 inhabited villages in Barhi CD Block. In 2011, 83 villages had power supply. 7 villages had tap water (treated/ untreated), 23 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 98 villages had hand pumps, and all villages had drinking water facility. 7 villages had post offices, 5 villages had sub post offices, 13 villages had telephones (land lines) and 73 villages had mobile phone coverage. 97 villages had pucca (hard top) village roads, 20 villages had bus service (public/ private), 10 villages had autos/ modified autos, and 46 villages had tractors. 10 villages had bank branches, 21 villages had agricultural credit societies, no village had cinema/ video hall, no village had public library and public reading room. 31 villages had public distribution system, 6 villages had weekly haat (market) and 43 villages had assembly polling stations.[29]

Forestry and agriculture[edit]

The main occupation of the people of Hazaribagh district is cultivation. While forests occupy around 45% of the total area, the cultivable area forms about 39% of the total area. The forests are uniformly spread across the district. Sal is the predominant species in the jungles. Other species are: bamboo, khair, sali, semal, mahua, tamarind, mango, black-berry (jamun), peepal, karnaj, jack-fruit, margosa (neem), kusum, palas, kend, asan, piar and bhelwa. Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary is located around 19 km north of Hazaribag. Irrigation facilities in this hilly area are inadequate and generally farmers depend on rain for their cultivation. The land situated along the river banks, or low land, is fertile but the uplands are generally barren. May to October is Kharif season, followed by Rabi season. Rice is the main crop of the district. Other important crops grown are: bazra, maize, pulses (mainly arhar and gram) and oilseeds. Limited quantities of cash crops, such as sugar cane, are grown.[30]

Backward Regions Grant Fund[edit]

Hazaribagh district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[31][32]

Transport[edit]

NH 19 (old NH 2) / Grand Trunk Road and NH 20 cross at Barhi.[33]

The 79.7 km long first stage railway project from Koderma to Hazaribagh costing 936 crore was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 20 February 2015. The railway line passes through the Barhi CD Block and there is a station at Barhi.[34]

Education[edit]

In 2011, amongst the 100 inhabited villages in Barhi CD Block, 25 villages had no primary school, 64 villages had one primary school and 11 villages had more than one primary school. 32 villages had at least one primary school and one middle school. 9 villages had at least one middle school and one secondary school.[35]

RNYM College, a degree college, established at Barhi in 1985, is affiliated to Vinoba Bhave University. It offers courses in arts and commerce.[36][37]

There is a special institution in this CD Block. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya was established at Nagar Barsot in 2006. It offers arts and commerce courses in classes XI and XII. No fees are payable.[38] The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme was launched in 2004 by the Government of India for setting up of upper primary level residential schools for girls belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, minority communities and families below the poverty line in educationally backward blocks where rural female literacy was low and the gender gap in literacy was high.[39]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2011, amongst the 100 inhabited villages in Barhi CD Block, 6 villages had primary health centres, 14 villages had primary health sub-centres, 2 villages had maternity and child welfare centres, 2 villages had allopathic hospitals, 3 villages had alternative medicine hospitals, 4 villages had dispensaries, 7 villages had medicine shops and 73 villages had no medical facilities.[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 9 - 12. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Hazaribag District". Hazaribag At A Glance. Hazaribag district authorities. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Konar Dam". india9.com. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
  4. ^ "Chief Minister launches Ujjwal scheme in Hazaribag". The Times of India, 2 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  5. ^ "State 12th Five Year Plan: State Annual Plan 2012-13" (PDF). State of Jharkhand. Jharkhand Planning Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Red Terror over Jharkhand". Rajat Kumar Kujur. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Naxalite Movement in Bihar and Jharkhand". Dr. Sanjay K. Jha. Dialogue, April–June 2005. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Naxal Violence: New Structures and Old Woes in Jharkhand". Bibhu Prasad Routray. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  9. ^ "13 focus areas identified in Jharkhand to check Maoist activities". Eenadu Jndia, 14 June 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Barhi, India Page". Bihar. Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Map on the fifth page. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  12. ^ "CD Block/ Tehsil Map of Hazaribagh". Maps of India. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  13. ^ "District Statistical Handbook, Hazaribag". Tables 2.2. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning and Development, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  14. ^ "District Hazaribagh – Facts and Figures". Demography. Jharkhand Government. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  15. ^ "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Table 2, Page 31. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d e "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Jharkhand Police". Contact Number. Jharkhand Government. Archived from the original on 2016-12-06. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Official Website of Hazaribag District". Administration – Subdivision and Blocks. Jharkhand Government. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011: Jharkhand". Sr. No. 5, Sheet 2. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Ranking of states and union territories by literacy rate: 2011" (PDF). Page 110. Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  23. ^ "Khortha demand for language teachers". The Telegraph, 22 November 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  24. ^ "Second Language". India Today, 22 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Jharkhand Governor turns down language bill". Post/Jagran Josh, 19 October 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  26. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 27. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  27. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Hazaribag, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Table 30 and 34 Pages 51, 57-58. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Hazaribag, Series 21 Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 24-25. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  29. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 575-579 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  30. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 11-14. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  31. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  32. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  33. ^ Google maps
  34. ^ "PM Narendra Modi flags off Hazaribagh-Koderma DMU train". The Indian Express 20 February 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  35. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 579-580 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  36. ^ "r.n.y.m. College, Barhi". wat2college. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  37. ^ "RNYM College, Barhi". ICBSE. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  38. ^ "List of Colleges". Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, Barhi. Jharkhand4U. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  39. ^ "Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya and Girls' Hostel". Education Portal. Government of Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  40. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hazaribag, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 576-577 Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 November 2017.