A baris is a type of ancient Egyptian ship, whose unique method of construction was described by Herodotus, writing in about 450BC. Archeologists and historians could find no corroboration of his description until the discovery of the remains of such a ship in the waters around Thonis-Heracleion in Aboukir Bay in 2003.
The ship found, known as "Ship 17", the first of 63 ships found in Thonis-Heraclion, measures up to 28 metres in length. It was constructed using an unusual technique to join thick wooden planks together, and had a distinctive steering mechanism with an axial rudder passing through the hull. The underwater archaeological work was carried out by Franck Goddio and the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology, and the findings are being published in a book by Alexander Belov for the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology.
- Alexander Belov (2014). "A New Type of Construction Evidenced by Ship 17 of Thonis-Heracleion" (PDF). The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. Moscow: Center for Egyptological Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. doi:10.1111/1095-9270.12060.
- Alberge, Dalya (17 March 2019). "Nile shipwreck discovery proves Herodotus right – after 2,469 years". The Observer. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- Ouellette, Jennifer (24 March 2019). "Shipwreck on Nile vindicates Greek historian's account after 2500 years". Ars Technica. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "The Histories".
- Belov, Alexander (2018). Ship 17: a baris from Thonis-Heracleion. Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology. ISBN 9781905905362.
- Belov, Alexander (March 2014). "New Evidence for the Steering System of the Egyptian Baris (Herodotus 2.96)". International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. 43 (1): 3–9. doi:10.1111/1095-9270.12030.
|This article about Egyptology or subjects relating to Ancient Egypt is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a type of ship or boat is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|