Barium cyanide

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Barium cyanide
Barium cyanide structure.svg
IUPAC name
Barium dicyanide
ChemSpider 10496
EC number 208-882-3
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 10961
Molar mass 189.362 g/mol
Appearance white crystal
Melting point 600 °C (1,112 °F; 873 K)
18 g/100 mL (14 °C)
Solubility Soluble in ethanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Barium cyanide is a chemical compound with the formula Ba(CN)2. It is synthesized by the reaction of hydrogen cyanide and barium hydroxide in water or petroleum ether.[1] This white crystal reacts with water and carbon dioxide in air slowly, producing highly toxic hydrogen cyanide gas.[2]


  1. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0080379419. 
  2. ^ Smith, R P; Gosselin, R E (1976). "Current Concepts about the Treatment of Selected Poisonings: Nitrite, Cyanide, Sulfide, Barium, and Quinidine". Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 16: 189–99. doi:10.1146/ PMID 779614.