Barium cyanide

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Barium cyanide
Barium cyanide structure.svg
Names
IUPAC name
Barium dicyanide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.008.021
EC Number 208-882-3
Properties
Ba(CN)2
Molar mass 189.362 g/mol
Appearance white crystal
Melting point 600 °C (1,112 °F; 873 K)
18 g/100 mL (14 °C)
Solubility Soluble in ethanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Barium cyanide is a chemical compound with the formula Ba(CN)2. It is synthesized by the reaction of hydrogen cyanide and barium hydroxide in water or petroleum ether.[1] This white crystal reacts with water and carbon dioxide in air slowly, producing highly toxic hydrogen cyanide gas.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9. 
  2. ^ Smith, R P; Gosselin, R E (1976). "Current Concepts about the Treatment of Selected Poisonings: Nitrite, Cyanide, Sulfide, Barium, and Quinidine". Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 16: 189–99. PMID 779614. doi:10.1146/annurev.pa.16.040176.001201. 
Salts and covalent derivatives of the cyanide ion
HCN He
LiCN Be(CN)2 B C NH4CN OCN,
-NCO
FCN Ne
NaCN Mg(CN)2 Al(CN)3 SiCN P(CN)3 SCN,
-NCS,
(SCN)2,
S(CN)2
ClCN Ar
KCN Ca(CN)2 Sc(CN)3 Ti(CN)4 VO(CN)3 Cr(CN)3 Mn(CN)2 Fe(CN)3,
Fe(CN)64−,
Fe(CN)63−
Co(CN)2,
Co(CN)3
Ni(CN)2
Ni(CN)42−
CuCN Zn(CN)2 Ga(CN)3 Ge As(CN)3 SeCN
(SeCN)2
Se(CN)2
BrCN Kr
RbCN Sr(CN)2 Y(CN)3 Zr(CN)4 Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd(CN)2 AgCN Cd(CN)2 In(CN)3 Sn Sb Te(CN)2,
Te(CN)4
ICN XeCN
CsCN Ba(CN)2   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg2(CN)2,
Hg(CN)2
TlCN Pb(CN)2 Bi(CN)3 Po At Rn
Fr Ra   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La Ce(CN)3,
Ce(CN)4
Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd(CN)3 Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac Th Pa UO2(CN)2 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr