Barja

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Barja
برجا
Barja el-Chouf
Town
Location within Lebanon
Location within Lebanon
Barja
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°38′59″N 35°26′36″E / 33.649722°N 35.443333°E / 33.649722; 35.443333Coordinates: 33°38′59″N 35°26′36″E / 33.649722°N 35.443333°E / 33.649722; 35.443333
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Mount Lebanon
District Chouf
Area
 • Total 7.29 km2 (2.81 sq mi)
Elevation 310 m (1,020 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,888
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
  (Registered voters)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961 7 (623) (920) (921)
Website www.barjaonline.com

Barja (Arabic: برجا‎, also known as Barja al-Chouf) is a town and municipality in the Chouf District of the Mount Lebanon Governorate in Lebanon. Barja is situated near the Mediterranean coast, 34 kilometers south of Beirut and at the midway point between the latter and Sidon. The town's total land area consists of 729 hectares and its highest point above sea level is documented at 310 meters.[1] Barja had 12,888 registered voters in 2010, and eleven schools with a total of 2,788 students in 2006.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[2]

History[edit]

Twentieth century[edit]

The name Barja is originally derived from the ancient Greek word 'Taparchia', which means 'cultural center', and the Syriac word 'Burgas', which means 'a series of hills overlooking the sea'.[citation needed]

Built during the middle of the 20th century, Barja was renowned for its fertile soil, spring waters, limestone and gravel resources, as well as its strategic location along the coast of Lebanon. Early economic activities included fishing, farming, and light textile manufacturing.

During the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990), hundreds of young men and women emigrated from Barja to various countries such as Australia, Brazil, the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, contributing to the Lebanese diaspora. With the strong support of scholarships from the Rafic Hariri Foundation, these Barja youth were able to pursue higher education and doctoral degrees from a variety of overseas universities.

Contemporary period[edit]

The town features antique houses originally built near fresh spring waters that demonstrate traditional architecture. The high street, Al-Ain Avenue, is located between three large hills and overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. It hosts a traditional Souk called 'Zak Zouk', several local restaurants, a popular barber called 'Mounib', and commercial shopping facilities.

Since the turn of the millennium, Barja has experienced rapid westernization. The introduction of telecommunication services such as the internet, mobile phones, and television has contributed to an overall development in the social and economic welfare of locals. The new generation have embraced modern lifestyles and experience new methods of entertainment such as going to cinemas, listening to western music and playing video games.

As public transportation and mass transit become more abundant, locals are commuting to the capital city Beirut in search for job opportunities. Most Barja residents who live in the capital city return to their hometowns during weekends. However, the rising costs of food and fuel remain a major barrier against the economic growth and development of Barja locals.

Climate[edit]

Barja enjoys mild Mediterranean climate during summer and winter seasons, as average temperatures vary between 11 - 27 °C. The town is home to pine groves, olive tree orchards, and a variety of outdoor recreational areas.

Much of the town was destroyed during a devastating earthquake that shook the Chouf District in 1956. However, over the past 50 years the remains of the earthquake have been gradually concealed beneath a layer of modern building development.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Barja". Localiban. Localiban. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2016-03-30. 
  2. ^ "Elections municipales et ikhtiariah au Mont-Liban" (PDF). Localiban. Localiban. 2010. p. 19. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2016-02-12.