Barjora (community development block)
|Community development bloc|
|• Total||393.23 km2 (151.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||71 m (233 ft)|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-67, WB=68|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bishnupur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Barjora|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 BPL families
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 References
From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj
From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.
Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.
Barjora is located at.
Barjora CD Block is located in the northern part of the district. It belongs to the uneven lands/ hard ring rock area. The soil is laterite red and hard beds are covered with scrub jungle and sal wood. There are coal mines in Saltora, Mejia and Barjora.
Barjora CD Block is bounded by Faridpur-Durgapur CD Block, in Bardhaman district across the Damodar, on the north, Sonamukhi CD Block on the east, Onda and Bankura II CD Blocks on the south and Gangajalghati and Mejia CD Blocks on the west.
Barjora CD Block has an area of 393.23 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 11 gram panchayats, 157 gram sansads (village councils), 199 mouzas, 182 inhabited villages and 3 census towns. Barjora and Beliatore police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Barjora.
As per the 2011 Census of India Barjora CD Block had a total population of 202,049, of which 176,263 were rural and 25786 were urban. There were 103,769 (51%) males and 98,280 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,827. Scheduled Castes numbered 68,365 (33.85%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 3,322 (1.64%). 
As per 2001 census, Barjora block had a total population of 178,976, out of which 92,330 were males and 86,646 were females. Barjora block registered a population growth of 12.52 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 15.15 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Barjora CD Block was 128,443 (71.67% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 74,551 (81.01% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 53,892 (61.81%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 19.20%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Bankura Sadar subdivision|
|Saltora – 61.45%|
|Mejia – 66.83%|
|Gangajalghati – 68.11%|
|Chhatna – 65.73%|
|Bankura I – 68.74%|
|Bankura II – 73.59%|
|Barjora – 71.67%|
|Onda – 65.82%|
|Indas – 71.70%|
|Joypur – 74.57%|
|Patrasayer – 64.8%|
|Kotulpur – 78.01%|
|Sonamukhi – 66.16%|
|Bishnupur – 66.30%|
|Indpur – 67.42%|
|Ranibandh – 68.53%|
|Khatra – 72.18%|
|Hirbandh – 64.18%|
|Raipur – 71.33%|
|Sarenga – 74.25%|
|Simlapal – 68.44%|
|Taldangra – 70.87%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 188,340 and formed 93.22% of the population in Barjora CD Block. Muslims numbered 13,515 and formed 6.69% of the population. Christians numbered 29 and formed 0.01% of the population. Others numbered 165 and formed 0.08% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
184 or 92% of mouzas in Barjora CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
Coal in Barakar formation is found in Barjora CD Block. In Barjora coalfield a major part of the coal seams are covered with alluvium and laterite up to 35 m thick. As per the Geological Survey of India, proved reserve is 12 million tonnes.
Govinda Impex Pvt. Ltd. at Barjora produces sponge iron, mild steel billets and ferro alloys. It employs 400 people. Rishab Sponge Pvt. Ltd. produces sponge iron and employs 400 people.
The 88 km long west bank canal from Durgapur Barrage passes through Barjora, Sonamukhi, Patrasayer and Indas police station areas. With the passage of time the canal system has lost much of its efficiency.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Barjora CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 9.17%, patta (document) holders 17.57%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 8.52%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 22.36% and agricultural labourers 42.39%.
In 2003-04 net area sown Barjora CD Block was 19,806 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 6,025 hectares.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Barjora CD Block was 8,247 hectares, out of which 3,043 hectares was by canal water, 660 hectares by tank water, 1,320 hectares by river lift irrigation, 224 hectares by deep tubewells, 2,089 hectares by shallow tubewell, 112 hectares by open dug wells and 799 hectres by other methods.
In 2013-14, Barjora CD Block produced 44,594 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 16,611 hectares, 853 tonnes of Aus paddy from 300 hectares, 414 tonnes of Boro paddy from 122 hectares, 345 tonnes of wheat from 195 hectares and 69,208,000 tonnes of potatoes from 2,135 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.
Handloom and pottery industries
The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Barjora CD Block had 256 looms in operation.
Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 160 families were involved in Barjora CD Block.
In 2013-14, Barjora CD Block had 8 originating/ terminating bus routes.
The Bankura-Masagram line (formerly Bankura Damodar Railway) of South Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block. There is a station at Beliator, 19.6 km from Bankura. As of September 2016, DEMU services are available between Bankura and Mathnasibpur.
State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) and State Highway 9 (West Bengal) running from Durgapur (in Paschim Bardhaman district) to Nayagram (in Jhargram district) pass through this CD Block.
In 2013-14, Barjora CD Block had 193 primary schools with 11,957 students, 31 middle schools with 3,628 students, 11 high schools with 7,920 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 11,375 students. Barjora CD Block had 2 general colleges with 2,889 students, 2 professional/ technical institution with 116 students and 290 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,390 students. Barjora CD Block had 9 mass literacy centres.
In 2014, Barjora CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 4 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 63 beds and 7 doctors. It had 36 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 4,909 patients were treated indoor and 126,570 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
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