Barkat Ali Khan

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Barkat Ali Khan
Born Kasur, Punjab, British India
Genres Hindustani classical music, Pakistani classical music
Occupation(s) singer of ghazals, geets and classical music in Pakistan

Ustad Barkat Ali Khan (1908 – 19 June 1963) was an Indian-Pakistani classical singer, younger brother of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan and elder brother of Mubarak Ali Khan,[1] and belonged to the Patiala Gharana of music.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

Barkat Ali Khan was born in Kasur, in the Punjab province of then British India. He had his initial training from his father Ali Baksh Khan and later by his elder brother Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. After 1947 Partition of British India, Barkat Ali Khan, with his family, migrated to Pakistan and focused on the lighter aspects of Hindustani classical music. He was widely acknowledged as one of the great exponents of Thumri, Dadra, Geet and Ghazal, and was well known for both Purab and Punjab Ang Thumris. Many still consider him a superior thumri singer than his elder brother, though he didn't receive acknowledgement to the extent Bade Ghulam Ali Khan did. He taught noted ghazal singers Ghulam Ali and Farida Khanum. Many people in Pakistan say that simplicity and humility were the hallmark of his personality. He started a new trend of ghazal-singing in Pakistan. Before Mehdi Hassan became known as the 'King of ghazals' in the 1970s, Barkat Ali Khan and Begum Akhtar were considered the stalwarts of ghazal-singing during the 1950s and 1960s. Barkat Ali Khan, in a rare live radio interview to Radio Pakistan, Lahore, had said," My forefathers, at one time, lived in the hilly tracts of Jammu and Kashmir, so they used to sing 'songs of the hills' (Pahari Geet). I learned to sing those Pahari Geets from them".[3][4]

Super-hit ghazals and geets[edit]

 "Woh zo hum main tum main qaraar tha tumhe yaad ho ke na yaad ho"
  • "Donaun Jahan Teri Mohabbat Mein Haar Ke, Who Jaa Raha Hai Shab-e-Gham Guzaar Ke"[5]

Ghazal sung by Ustad Barkat Ali Khan, lyrics by the renowned poet Faiz Ahmad Faiz

  • "Baghon Mein Paray Jhoolay, Tuum Bhool Gaey Humko, Hum Tumko Nahin Bhoolay"

Sung by Ustad Barkat Ali Khan, a folk 'Mahia' geet.[6] Later this same song made even more popular by his grandson Sajjad Ali

  • "Abb Kay Sawan Ghar Aa Ja" Thumri Pahari geet, Sung by Barkat Ali Khan on YouTube, published 23 Jan 2015, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016
  • "Uss Bazm Mein Mujhe Nahin Banti Haya Kiyyay"[7] Ghazal sung by Barkat Ali Khan, lyrics by Mirza Ghalib

Death[edit]

He died a premature death at the age of 55 on 19 June 1963 at Lahore, Pakistan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.radio.gov.pk/newsdetail/53/57, Death anniversary of Ustad Barkat Ali Khan observed, Radio Pakistan website, published 19 June 2014, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016
  2. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/726272/remembering-the-legend, Barkat Ali Khan and Mehdi Hassan, legends of ghazal-singing remembered, Dawn newspaper, published 13 June 2012, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016
  3. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SW8OnpMvvl8, Barkat Ali Khan live interview recorded at Radio Pakistan, Lahore on YouTube website, uploaded 4 Oct 2010, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016
  4. ^ The Nation newspaper, http://nation.com.pk/karachi/16-jun-2012/king-of-ghazal-laid-to-rest-amid-sobs, Retrieved 6 July 2015
  5. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVefzATWBdM, Ghazal by Barkat Ali Khan on YouTube, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016
  6. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqtNTaPyPv0, 'Mahia Geet' by Barkat Ali Khan on YouTube, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016
  7. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ops3j5-uYok, Mirza Ghalib Ghazal sung by Barkat Ali Khan, published 25 Jan 2016, Retrieved 31 Jan 2016