Barking (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Barking in Greater London
|Population||122,313 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||74,027 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Barking and Becontree|
|Member of Parliament||Margaret Hodge (Labour)|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Barking is a constituency formed in 1945;[n 1] and represented ever since by a member of the Labour Party in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 1994, its Member of Parliament has been Margaret Hodge DBE.
- 1 Political history
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
The area has elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1945, on strong majorities of 20.4% of the vote or greater; except for results in 1983 and 1987.
The rise in support for the British National Party since the turn of the 21st century saw the party attain 17% of the vote at the 2005 general election. Party members and supporters were optimistic that the party would soon make the breakthrough into UK parliament, and party leader Nick Griffin stood in Barking for the 2010 general election. However, his performance in Barking was poor as he polled 14.8% of the vote (which actually represented a decline in percentage terms compared to 2005) and Margaret Hodge retained the seat with more than half of the vote. During the run-up to the 2010 election, filmmaker Laura Fairrie had access to the British National Party and Labour Party campaigns and later produced a documentary The Battle for Barking, which was premiered on More 4 on 30 November 2010.
Set in the east of Greater London, the Barking constituency is one of the areas identified for London's planned expansion in housing. The Barking Riverside regeneration project aims to create new homes, jobs and services on the site of the former power station.
Having returned Labour MPs since 1945, Margaret Hodge has served as the MP for the seat since 1994. A challenge from the British National Party in 2005 saw the Labour vote reduced by over 13% from the 2001 general election. The BNP, with 16.9% of the vote, out-polled the Liberal Democrats for third place and were 27 votes behind the Conservatives.
At 7.4%, the seat has the 21st highest proportion of unemployed people amongst constituencies in England and Wales, according to 2011 UK Census data. It has the third-highest proportion of people from Africa. One in six identifies as Asian/Asian British. In 2010, Labour won with 54.3% of the vote, Conservatives 17.8%, BNP 14.6%.
In 2015, the UKIP vote increased to almost 23%, this was predicted as they came the runners up in every ward in the 2014 Barking and Dagenham Council election, they came within 200 votes of winning 4 seats on the council.
In 2017, the UKIP vote collapsed, and Labour and the Conservatives both increased their share of the vote, although Labour's increase of 10.1% saw them claim 67.8% of the vote overall (their largest share in Barking at any election since the 1994 by-election and the greatest at a general election since 1970), increasing their majority from 35.5% to 45.3%.
1945–1974: The Municipal Borough of Barking.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Barking wards of Abbey, Cambell, Gascoigne, Longbridge, and Manor.
1983–1997: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes, and Thames.
1997–2010: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Becontree, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes, and Thames.
2010–present: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Alibon, Becontree, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Mayesbrook, Parsloes, Thames, and Valence.
2010 boundary changes
Following their review of parliamentary representation the Boundary Commission for England recommended that the wards of Alibon, Parsloes and Valence be transferred from the old Dagenham constituency to Barking, and that following a review of ward boundaries a small part of River ward be transferred from Barking to help form the new Dagenham and Rainham constituency. These boundaries were first contested for the 2010 general election.
2016 boundary review
Under this review, consulted on in 2016, Alibon and Valence Wards would transfer out to Dagenham-and-Rainham constituency, and Goodmayes and Mayfield Wards would transfer in from Ilford South constituency.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Jo Richardson||Labour|
|1994 by-election||Margaret Hodge||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Pauline Pearce||599||1.3||+0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Wilcock||562||1.3||−6.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Dominic Carman||3,719||8.2||−2.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Crucial Chris Dowling||82||0.2||N/A|
|Restoration Party||Dapo Sijuwola||45||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Toby Wickenden||3,211||11.1||+1.3|
|Workers Revolutionary||Mick Saxby||59||0.2||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Anura Keppetipola||2,450||9.8||+0.3|
|BNP||Mark C. Tolman||1,606||6.4||+3.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Marsh||3,128||9.5||−5.0|
|ProLife Alliance||Damien Mearns||159||0.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Gary White||2,290||12.0||−2.5|
|National Front||Gary Needs||551||2.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||H. R. Butensky||90||0.5||N/A|
|Conservative||John G. Kennedy||11,956||33.9||−0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen W. Churchman||5,133||14.5||−6.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|National Front||Ian Newport||646||1.9||−1.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Ian Newport||1,021||3.0||−1.9|
|Independent Labour||J Barry||400||1.2||N/A|
|National Front||C. Bond||1,661||4.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||James T. Silvey||4,181||12.0||−2.8|
|Conservative||Geoffrey C Waterer||8,296||22.6||−5.6|
|Liberal||Nicholas Henry Donahue||5,463||14.8||+0.9|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Kenneth F Dibben||11,454||28.2||-2.6|
|Liberal||David E Evans||5,648||13.9||N/A|
|Conservative||Michael Thomas Ben Underhill||11,340||25.1||+2.6|
|Liberal||Norman Henry Cork||3,387||7.5||-3.7|
|Conservative||Kenneth Edward Boulton Glenny||10,269||22.5||+6.4|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||Kenneth Edward Boulton Glenny||5,593||16.1||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Barking election result (BBC News online).
- "The Battle for Barking". Channel 4. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Cooke, Phoebe. "Boundary review: Dagenham's Eastbrook ward could be lost to Romford".
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- "Barking parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- email@example.com, organisation name=London Borough Barking and Dagenham (8 June 2017). "Election results for Barking, 8 June 2017".[permanent dead link]
- "Barking parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- (PDF) http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf. Missing or empty
- "Barking - UK Parliament Constituency - Election Polling". www.electionpolling.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- https://www.lbbd.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Declaration-of-results-Barking-Constituency.pdf Archived 2017-09-05 at the Wayback Machine electorate was 73,977
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2014-08-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "MORE TUSC CANDIDATES IN PLACE AS ELECTION CHALLENGE GROWS". www.tusc.org.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Statement of Persons Nominated[permanent dead link], London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
- Barking UKPolling
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Barking [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1992-97 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2009-12-05. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- "UK General Election results: March 1966 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- "UK General Election results: October 1964 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- "UK General Election results: October 1959 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- "UK General Election results: May 1955 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
- "UK General Election results: October 1951 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
- "UK General Election results: February 1950 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
- "UK General Election results: July 1945 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Archived from the original on 2015-05-25. Retrieved 2010-06-10.