Barking (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Barking in Greater London.
|Population||122,313 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||74,027 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Barking and Becontree|
|Member of parliament||Margaret Hodge (Labour)|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 British National Party challenge
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 Notes and References
Barking covers the western two-thirds of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, in overall terms forming a mid-south portion of east London; its economy is diverse from major retail and manufacturing to its power station, with some commuting, particularly in its growing minority of expensive neighbourhoods. Ford Dagenham has lost its assembly workforce but expanded its diesel engine production workforce. The plant is split between this and the neighbouring constituency.
Barking's side-by-side twin nature reserves have grassland and bird habitat by a bend of the River Thames and are somewhat incongruously next to a disused and operational power plant for the industrial works in the east of its modest-length riverside. A large majority of its homes are north of the largely three-lane A13 (within Greater London). The constituency has benefited from the Summer Olympics 2012 in London and its districts include a larger than average proportion of social housing and earners on low incomes. The area has elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1945, usually with strong majorities. Bucking the national trend, the incumbent MP for that party, Margaret Hodge, almost doubled her majority at the 2010 general election.
1945-1974: The Municipal Borough of Barking.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Barking wards of Abbey, Cambell, Gascoigne, Longbridge, and Manor.
1983-1997: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes, and Thames.
1997-2010: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Becontree, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes, and Thames.
2010–present: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Alibon, Becontree, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Mayesbrook, Parsloes, Thames, and Valence.
2010 boundary changes
Following their review of parliamentary representation the Boundary Commission for England recommended that the wards of Alibon, Parsloes and Valence be transferred from the old Dagenham constituency to Barking, and that following a review of ward boundaries a small part of River ward be transferred from Barking to help form the new Dagenham and Rainham constituency. These boundaries were first contested for the 2010 general election.
2016 boundary review
Under this review, being consulted on in 2016, Alibon and Valence Wards would transfer out to Dagenham-and-Rainham constituency, and Goodmayes and Mayfield Wards would transfer in from Ilford South constituency.
British National Party challenge
The rise in support for the British National Party since the turn of the 21st century saw the party attain 17% of the vote at the 2005 general election. Party members and supporters were optimistic that the party would soon make the breakthrough into UK parliament, and party leader Nick Griffin stood in Barking for the 2010 general election. However, his performance in Barking was poor as he polled 14.8% of the vote and Margaret Hodge retained the seat with more than half of the vote. During the run-up to the 2010 election, filmmaker Laura Fairrie had access to the British National Party and Labour Party campaigns and later produced a documentary The Battle for Barking, which was premiered on More 4 on 30 November 2010.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Jo Richardson||Labour|
|1994 by-election||Margaret Hodge||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Green||Tony Ford Rablen||879||2.0||+1.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Wilcock||562||1.3||−6.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Dominic Carman||3,719||8.2||−2.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Crucial Chris Dowling||82||0.2||N/A|
|Restoration Party||Dapo Sijuwola||45||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Toby Wickenden||3,211||11.1||+1.3|
|Workers Revolutionary||Mick Saxby||59||0.2||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Anura Kumara Singhe Keppetipola||2,450||9.8||+0.3|
|BNP||Mark C. Tolman||1,606||6.4||+3.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Marsh||3,128||9.5||−5.0|
|ProLife Alliance||Damien Mearns||159||0.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Gary White||2,290||12.0||−2.5|
|National Front||Gary Needs||551||2.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||H. R. Butensky||90||0.5||N/A|
|Conservative||John G. Kennedy||11,956||33.9||−0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen W. Churchman||5,133||14.5||−6.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative||William Keith Sharp||11,898||34.5||+4.1|
|Liberal||John Kent Gibb||7,366||21.2||−4.4|
|Conservative||Hugo Hawksley Fitzthomas Summerson||10,389||30.4||−2.0|
|National Front||Ian Newport||646||1.9||−1.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Marion Audrey Roe||11,103||32.4||+16.8|
|National Front||Ian Newport||1,021||3.0||−1.9|
|Independent Labour||J Barry||400||1.2||N/A|
|National Front||C. Bond||1,661||4.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Thomas Edward Neil Driberg||22,994||66.2||+3.6|
|Conservative||Geoffrey Edwin Pattie||7,584||21.8||−0.8|
|Liberal||James T. Silvey||4,181||12.0||−2.8|
|Labour||Thomas Edward Neil Driberg||23,055||62.6||+4.8|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Thomas Edward Neil Driberg||23,454||57.8||-11.4|
|Conservative||K F Dibben||11,454||28.2||-2.6|
|Liberal||David E Evans||5,648||13.9||N/A|
|Conservative||M T B Underhill||11,340||25.1||+2.6|
|Liberal||Norman Henry Cork||3,387||7.5||-3.7|
|Conservative||K E B Glenny||10,269||22.5||+6.4|
|Liberal||Clarence Henry Willcock||5,109||11.2||-2.2|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||K E B Glenny||5,593||16.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Clarence Henry Willcock||4,674||13.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and References
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census statistics, by Super Layer Output Area, Barking within Barking and Dagenham
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Barking election result (BBC News online).
- "The Battle for Barking". Channel 4. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- https://www.lbbd.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Declaration-of-results-Barking-Constituency.pdf electorate was 73,977
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Statement of Persons Nominated, London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
- Barking UKPolling
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.