Barking (UK Parliament constituency)

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Barking
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Barking in Greater London.
County Greater London
Population 122,313 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 74,027 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlements Barking and Becontree
Current constituency
Created 1945
Member of parliament Margaret Hodge (Labour)
Created from Romford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Barking is a constituency formed in 1945;[n 1] represented throughout by a member of the Labour Party in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament — since 1994 its MP has been Margaret Hodge, a frontbencher since 2001. Hodge chaired the Public Account Committee (2010–2015) for which she was made DBE.[n 2]

Political history[edit]

British National Party challenge[edit]

The rise in support for the British National Party since the turn of the 21st century saw the party attain 17% of the vote at the 2005 general election. Party members and supporters were optimistic that the party would soon make the breakthrough into UK parliament, and party leader Nick Griffin stood in Barking for the 2010 general election. However, his performance in Barking was poor as he polled 14.8% of the vote and Margaret Hodge retained the seat with more than half of the vote.[3] During the run-up to the 2010 election, filmmaker Laura Fairrie had access to the British National Party and Labour Party campaigns and later produced a documentary The Battle for Barking, which was premiered on More 4 on 30 November 2010.[4]

The area has elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1945, on strong majorities of 20.4% of the vote or greater; except for results in 1983 and 1987.

Bucking the national trend, the incumbent MP Margaret Hodge almost doubled her majority at the 2010 general election. The 2015 result for Hodge made the seat the 53rd safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[5]

Constituency profile[edit]

Set in the east of Greater London, the seat of Barking is one of the areas identified for London's planned expansion in housing. The Barking Riverside regeneration project aims to create new homes, jobs and services on the site of the former power station.

Labour since 1945, Margaret Hodge has been the seat's MP since 1994. A challenge from the BNP in 2005 saw her vote reduced by over 13% on 2001. The BNP, with 16.9% of the vote, out-polled the Liberal Democrats for third place and were 27 votes behind the Conservatives.

At 7.4%, the seat has the 21st highest proportion of unemployed people among constituencies in England and Wales, according to ONS 2011 Census data. It has the third highest proportion of people from Africa. One in six is Asian/Asian British. In 2010, Labour won with 54.3% of the vote, Conservatives 17.8%, BNP 14.6%.

In 2015, the UKIP vote increased to almost 23%, this was predicted as they came the runners up in every ward in the 2014 Barking and Dagenham Council election, they came within 200 votes of winning 4 seats on the council.

In 2017, the UKIP vote collapsed, and Labour and the Conservatives both increased their voteshare, although Labour's increase of 10.1% saw them claim 67.8% of the vote overall (their largest share in Barking in any election since the 1994 by-election and the greatest in a general election since 1970), increasing their majority from 35.5% to 45.3%.

The constituency has benefited from the Summer Olympics 2012 in London and its districts include a larger than average proportion of social housing and earners on low incomes.[6]

Boundaries[edit]

Barking in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.

1945–1974: The Municipal Borough of Barking.

1974–1983: The London Borough of Barking wards of Abbey, Cambell, Gascoigne, Longbridge, and Manor.

1983–1997: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes, and Thames.

1997–2010: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Becontree, Cambell, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Manor, Parsloes, and Thames.

2010–present: The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham wards of Abbey, Alibon, Becontree, Eastbury, Gascoigne, Goresbrook, Longbridge, Mayesbrook, Parsloes, Thames, and Valence.[7]

2010 boundary changes[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation the Boundary Commission for England recommended that the wards of Alibon, Parsloes and Valence be transferred from the old Dagenham constituency to Barking, and that following a review of ward boundaries a small part of River ward be transferred from Barking to help form the new Dagenham and Rainham constituency. These boundaries were first contested for the 2010 general election.

2016 boundary review[edit]

Under this review, being consulted on in 2016, Alibon and Valence Wards would transfer out to Dagenham-and-Rainham constituency, and Goodmayes and Mayfield Wards would transfer in from Ilford South constituency.[8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1945 Somerville Hastings Labour
1959 Tom Driberg Labour
Feb 1974 Jo Richardson Labour
1994 by-election Margaret Hodge Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Barking[10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 32,319 67.8 +10.1
Conservative Minesh Talati 10,711 22.5 +6.2
UKIP Roger Gravett 3,031 6.4 −15.8
Green Shanon Butterfield 724 1.5 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Pauline Pearce 599 1.3 0.0
Independent Noel Falvey 295 0.6 +0.6
Majority 21,608 45.3 +10.2
Turnout 47,679 61.9 +3.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2015: Barking[13][14][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 24,826 57.7 +3.4
UKIP Roger Gravett 9,554 22.2 +19.3
Conservative Mina Rahman[15] 7,019 16.3 −1.5
Green Tony Rablen 879 2.0 +1.3
Liberal Democrat Peter Wilcock 562 1.3 −6.9
TUSC Joseph Mambuliya[16] 183 0.4 N/A
Majority 15,272 35.5 -1.0
Turnout 43,023 58.2 −3.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Barking[17][18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 24,628 54.3 +4.7
Conservative Simon Marcus 8,073 17.8 +1.2
BNP Nick Griffin 6,620 14.8 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Dominic Carman 3,719 8.2 −2.6
UKIP Frank Maloney 1,300 2.9 −0.6
Christian George Hargreaves 482 1.1 N/A
Green Jayne Forbes 317 0.7 −1.0
Monster Raving Loony Crucial Chris Dowling 82 0.2 N/A
Independent Thomas Darwood 77 0.2 N/A
Restoration Party Dapo Sijuwola 45 0.1 N/A
Majority 16,555 36.5 +5.8
Turnout 44,343 61.4 +13.2
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Barking[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 13,826 47.8 −13.1
Conservative Keith Prince 4,943 17.1 −5.9
BNP Richard Barnbrook 4,916 16.9 +10.6
Liberal Democrat Toby Wickenden 3,211 11.1 +1.3
UKIP Terry Jones 803 2.8 +2.8
Green Laurie Cleeland 618 2.1 +2.1
Independent Demetrious Panton 530 1.8 +1.8
Workers Revolutionary Mick Saxby 59 0.2 +0.2
Majority 8,883 30.7 -7.2
Turnout 28,906 50.1 +4.6
Labour hold Swing −3.6
General Election 2001: Barking[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 15,302 60.9 −4.9
Conservative Mike Weatherley 5,768 23.0 +5.4
Liberal Democrat Anura Keppetipola 2,450 9.8 +0.3
BNP Mark C. Tolman 1,606 6.4 +3.7
Majority 9,534 37.9 -10.3
Turnout 25,126 45.5 −16.2
Labour hold Swing −5.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Barking[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 21,698 65.8 +14.2
Conservative Keith Langford 5,802 17.6 −16.3
Liberal Democrat Mark Marsh 3,128 9.5 −5.0
Referendum Colin Taylor 1,283 3.9 N/A
BNP Mark Tolman 894 2.7 N/A
ProLife Alliance Damien Mearns 159 0.5 N/A
Majority 15,896 48.2 +30.5
Turnout 32,962 61.7 -8.3
Labour hold Swing +15.3
1994 Barking By-election: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Hodge 13,704 72.1 +20.5
Liberal Democrat Gary White 2,290 12.0 −2.5
Conservative Theresa May 1,976 10.4 −23.5
National Front Gary Needs 551 2.9 N/A
UKIP Gerard Batten 406 2.1 N/A
Natural Law H. R. Butensky 90 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,414 42.4 N/A
Turnout 19,017 38.3 N/A
Labour hold Swing +22.0
General Election 1992: Barking[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Richardson 18,224 51.6 +7.3
Conservative John G. Kennedy 11,956 33.9 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Stephen W. Churchman 5,133 14.5 −6.7
Majority 6,268 17.7 +7.9
Turnout 35,313 70.0 +3.1
Labour hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Barking[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Richardson 15,307 44.3 +2.2
Conservative William Sharp 11,898 34.5 +4.1
Liberal John Gibb 7,366 21.2 −4.4
Majority 3,409 9.9 −1.9
Turnout 34,541 66.9 +1.4
Labour hold Swing −1.0
General Election 1983: Barking[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Richardson 14,415 42.1 −10.7
Conservative Hugo Summerson 10,389 30.4 −2.0
Liberal J. Gibb 8,770 25.6 +14.9
National Front Ian Newport 646 1.9 −1.1
Majority 4,026 11.8 −8.7
Turnout 34,219 65.4 −5.7
Labour hold Swing −4.4

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Barking
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Richardson 18,111 52.8 −11.1
Conservative Marion Roe 11,103 32.4 +16.8
Liberal M.F. Taylor 3,679 10.7 −4.9
National Front Ian Newport 1,021 3.0 −1.9
Independent Labour J Barry 400 1.2 N/A
Majority 7,008 20.4 −27.9
Turnout 34,314 71.1 +3.7
Labour hold Swing −14.0
General Election October 1974: Barking[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Richardson 21,546 63.9 +3.8
Conservative Eric Forth 5,256 15.6 −3.2
Liberal M Taylor 5,245 15.6 −5.5
National Front C. Bond 1,661 4.9 N/A
Majority 16,290 48.3 +9.3
Turnout 33,706 67.4 -9.2
Labour hold Swing +3.5
General Election February 1974: Barking[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jo Richardson 22,846 60.1 −9.3
Liberal M. Taylor 8,012 21.1 N/A
Conservative Eric Forth 7,154 18.8 -11.8
Majority 14,834 39.0 +0.2
Turnout 38,011 76.6 +15.0
Labour hold Swing N/A
General Election 1970: Barking[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Driberg 21,097 69.4 +3.2
Conservative Geoffrey Pattie 9,309 30.6 +8.8
Majority 11,788 38.8 −5.5
Turnout 49,363 61.6 -10.4
Labour hold Swing −2.8

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Barking[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Driberg 22,994 66.2 +3.6
Conservative Geoffrey Pattie 7,584 21.8 −0.8
Liberal James T. Silvey 4,181 12.0 −2.8
Majority 15,410 44.3 +4.2
Turnout 48,281 72.0 −1.2
Labour hold Swing +2.2
General Election 1964: Barking[32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Driberg 23,055 62.6 +4.8
Conservative Geoffrey C Waterer 8,296 22.6 −5.6
Liberal Nicholas Henry Donahue 5,463 14.8 +0.9
Majority 14,759 40.1 +10.5
Turnout 50,326 73.2 −5.3
Labour hold Swing +5.2

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Barking[34][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Driberg 23,454 57.8 -11.4
Conservative Kenneth F Dibben 11,454 28.2 -2.6
Liberal David E Evans 5,648 13.9 N/A
Majority 12,000 29.6 -8.8
Turnout 51,654 78.5 +4.9
Labour hold Swing -4.4
General Election 1955: Barking[36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Somerville Hastings 27,129 69.2 +1.8
Conservative Bernard Massey 12,082 30.8 +5.7
Majority 15,047 38.4 -4.0
Turnout 53,314 73.6 -8.3
Labour hold Swing -2.0
General Election 1951: Barking[38][39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Somerville Hastings 30,486 67.4 +1.1
Conservative Michael Thomas Ben Underhill 11,340 25.1 +2.6
Liberal Norman Henry Cork 3,387 7.5 -3.7
Majority 19,146 42.4 -1.5
Turnout 55,219 81.9 -1.7
Labour hold Swing -0.8
General Election 1950: Barking[40][41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Somerville Hastings 30,299 66.3 -4.2
Conservative Kenneth Edward Boulton Glenny 10,269 22.5 +6.4
Liberal Harry Willcock 5,109 11.2 -2.2
Majority 20,030 43.9 -10.5
Turnout 54,627 83.6 +10.8
Labour hold Swing -5.3

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Barking[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Somerville Hastings 24,504 70.5 N/A
Conservative Kenneth Edward Boulton Glenny 5,593 16.1 N/A
Liberal Harry Willcock 4,674 13.4 N/A
Majority 18,911 54.4 N/A
Turnout 34,771 72.8 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Barking election result (BBC News online).
  4. ^ "The Battle for Barking". Channel 4. Retrieved 5 March 2011. 
  5. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  6. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. 
  7. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  8. ^ Cooke, Phoebe. "Boundary review: Dagenham’s Eastbrook ward could be lost to Romford". 
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
  10. ^ "Barking parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  11. ^ organisation.email=enquires@lbbd.gov.uk, organisation name=London Borough Barking and Dagenham; (8 June 2017). "Election results for Barking, 8 June 2017". 
  12. ^ a b "Barking parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  14. ^ https://www.lbbd.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Declaration-of-results-Barking-Constituency.pdf electorate was 73,977
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  16. ^ "MORE TUSC CANDIDATES IN PLACE AS ELECTION CHALLENGE GROWS". www.tusc.org.uk. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  18. ^ Statement of Persons Nominated[permanent dead link], London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
  19. ^ Barking UKPolling
  20. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Barking [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  24. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  26. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  28. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  29. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  30. ^ "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  31. ^ "UK General Election results: March 1966 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  32. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1964 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  33. ^ [1]
  34. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1959 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  35. ^ [2]
  36. ^ "UK General Election results: May 1955 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  37. ^ [3]
  38. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1951 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  39. ^ [4]
  40. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1950 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 
  41. ^ [5]
  42. ^ "UK General Election results: July 1945 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. 

Coordinates: 51°32′N 0°07′E / 51.53°N 0.11°E / 51.53; 0.11