|• City||28,387 km2 (10,960 sq mi)|
|Area rank||No. 5|
|Elevation||227 m (745 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Marwadi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||RJ-IN|
Barmer is the district headquarters of the Barmer district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is a Group 'C' city for living standards, and the headquarters of the Barmer Taluka. In the 12th century this region was known as Mallani. Its present name was given by its founder Bahada Rao, popularly known as Bar Rao, Parmar Ruler (Juna Barmer). He built a small town which is presently known as “Juna” which is 25 km from present city of Barmer. After Parmer’s, Rawat Luka - grandson of Rawal Mallinath, established their kingdom in Juna Barmer with the help of his brother Rawal Mandalak. They defeated Parmers of Juna and made it their capital. Thereafter, his descendant, Rawat Bhima, who was a great warrior, established the present city of Barmer in 1552 AD and shifted his capital to Barmer from Juna. He built a small fort on top of the city which is also known as Barmer Garh. Hill of Barmer fort is 1383 feet but Rawat Bhima built fort at height of 676 feet which is safer place than top of hill. The estate of Barmer was hereditary bhumia Jagir (independent principality), being an allodial vassal state of Marwar (Jodhpur) in Rajputana Agency and as against the other Nobles, Jagirdars and Chiefs of Jodhpur State who hold land on condition of regular services being rendered, the Rawat owes nominal allegiance and offers service only during emergencies.
Once a camel trade route, this area is rich in craft that include wood carving, pottery, embroidery work and ajrak prints. Several festivals are held in Barmer, the most important being the Mallinath Cattle festival which is held at Tilwara village in remembrance of Rawal Mallinath who was founder of Mallani Pargana.
As of the 2011 Census, Barmer had a population of 100,051. The population of the 0-6 year age range was 22% of the total population. Barmer had an average literacy rate of 56.53%; gender-wise, 70% of males and 30% of females are literate.
Barmer has two national highways crossing it — NH 15 and NH 112. It has direct trains to New Delhi, Bengaluru (Karnataka), Haridwar (Uttarakhand), and Guwahati (Assam) among others
- "Government of Rajasthan - Barmer Tourism".
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.