A barn advertisement is an outdoor advertisement painted onto the exterior of a roadside barn. Advertisers take advantage of the barns' prominence in rural landscapes, paying their owners for the right to paint and maintain logos and slogans on them. Painters of barn advertisements and other murals are known as "wall dogs". Once a common form of billboard advertising in the Midwestern and Southeastern United States during the early– to mid–20th century, barn advertisements have faded into obscurity, as many of these rural ghost signs fall into disrepair, along with the structures that bear them.
The Bloch Brothers Tobacco Company is credited with popularizing the medium. The company began advertising their products on the sides of buildings in 1890. By 1925, they had moved to advertising on Mail Pouch Barns. At the program's height in the early 1960s, some 20,000 barns in 22 states displayed Mail Pouch advertising, with the greatest number in Ohio. Most of the barns were painted by Harley Warrick. Competitors such as Red Man and Hillside Tobacco also painted barns in smaller numbers.
In the early 1940s, Clark Byers painted barns and their roofs for Rock City near Chattanooga, Tennessee, often with messages promising travelers the chance to see seven states from atop Lookout Mountain. Byers painted advertisements for the attraction on over 900 barn roofs in 19 states.
More recently, Bob Evans Restaurants painted barns in Indiana and Illinois in a style identical to their billboards, until 2001. The restaurant chain later painted some barns with the Italian tricolor to advertise its pasta dishes. Frisch's Big Boy also advertised on barns at one point.
From 1997 to 2002, the Ohio Bicentennial Committee commissioned Scott Hagan to paint 101 barns, including one in each county, with the committee's logo and colors. One was destroyed by a tornado shortly after its painting and was replaced. A few have since been torn down or repainted. The painted barns celebrated the state's 200th anniversary in 2003. Each barn took about 18 hours of labor and 7 US gallons (26 l; 5.8 imp gal) of paint. Enthusiasts traveled from across the state to watch Hagan paint the barns. An estimated one million people saw at least one of the barns.
In 1965, Congress passed the Highway Beautification Act, which regulated and in some cases removed billboards from the sides of federally funded highways. Barn advertisements were also affected by this legislation, leading owners to paint over them, until public outcry led to a 1974 amendment that specifically exempted them as "folk heritage barns". The National Historic Barn Preservation Act of 2001 protects barns 50 years or older from demolition and funds education programs about these structures.
The advertisements are sketched then painted freehand, with the painter standing on a scaffolding platform.
- Brown, Carole Gilbert (2008-07-24). "Demolition uncovers Mail Pouch ad". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Block Communications. Archived from the original on 2012-01-21.
- "Bicentennial Barns" (PDF). Madison County, New York, Planning Department. 2006. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
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- Simmonds 2004, p. 18.
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- Simmonds 2004, p. 116.
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- Tucker, Gregory (2009-09-07). "Rock City painter left mark on South". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee: Gannett Company. Retrieved 2009-09-09.[dead link]
- Simmonds 2004, p. 115.
- "Bob Evans Restaurants Ad Campaign Behind Italian-Painted Barns" (Press release). Bob Evans Farms (Restaurant News Resource). 2006-10-02. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-04-06.
- Simmonds 2004, p. 97.
- "Ohio Bicentennial Barns". Ohio History Central. 2005-07-01. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-06.
- MacCarter, Mike (2007-12-27). "Ohio Bicentennial Barns". Ohio Barns. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2011-04-06.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- MacCarter, Mike (2009-07-01). "Ottawa Co". Ohio Barns. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2011-04-06.
- McNutt, Randy (April 13, 2002). "Warren County: Come see painting of Ohio barn". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- "Artist finishes 88-barn tribute". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Associated Press. September 21, 2002. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "The Barn Artist". Out Here. Tractor Supply Company. Winter 2007. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Jenner, Andrew (July 9, 2014). "Using Old Tobacco's Tactics Against Them in a West Virginia Ad War". Modern Farmer. Modern Farmer Media. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barn advertisements.|
- Simmonds, William G. (2004). Advertising Barns: Vanishing American Landmarks. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Voyageur Press. ISBN 0-7603-2083-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Gorczyca, Beth (2003-05-01). Ohio's Bicentennial Barns: A Collection of the Historic Barns Celebrating Ohio's Bicentennial. B. Miller, photographer. Wooster, Ohio: The Wooster Book Company. ISBN 1-59098-803-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- MacCarter, Mike (2010-08-13). "Advertising Barns". Ohio Barns. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-06.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Wilkinson, Christina (January 1, 2003). Bicentennial Barns of Ohio: A Tribute to the Barns and Their Owners. Rosewood Press. ISBN 0974202002.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) A history of the Ohio Bicentennial Barns licensed by the Ohio Bicentennial Commission.