Barnaba da Modena
Barnaba da Modena was a mid-14th-century Italian painter who painted in a style that was still much indebted to the Byzantine model. He is considered the first Lombard painter of note and was active in Lombardy, Piedmont, and Pisa in Tuscany.
As his name indicates, the artist was a native of Modena (Emilia). The first records regarding Barnaba date to 1361 and 1362 when he had already become a Genoese citizen and was hiring Tuscan assistants. His earliest dated paintings relate to his activities in Genoa. He produced paintings for the Palazzo Ducale in Genoa in 1364. His earliest known painting is a polyptych of the Virgin and Child with Saints (Palazzo Bianco, Genoa), which combines the Gothic style of Tuscan polyptychs with Emilian design. Another work, a Virgin and Child (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston), shows the influence of Sienese painting in the rounded faces and the gold-striated highlights on Mary's mantle.
Barnaba likely spent time in Pisa around 1380.
Barnaba was a prolific artist who left about 50 works. He was successful in Genoa thanks to his adherence to the older style of Byzantine painting that was still very popular in the city. This explains his compositional schemes and the use of gold highlights and golden backgrounds, which are typical of Byzantine painting.
An eclectic artist who did not follow the new trends that had developed in the 14th century, Barnaba was able to achieve a debt of feeling in his early works through his refined technique. Barnaba dominated painting in later 14th-century Genoa and possibly even in Pisa. His follower Nicolò da Voltri continued in his imagery and style in Liguria until c. 1420.
- Raimond Van Marle, The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, Springer Science & Business Media, 2012, p. 382-383
- Joseph Archer Crowe and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. A New History of Painting in Italy: From the II to the XVI Century, Volume 2, page 164-167.
- Farquhar, Maria (1855). Ralph Nicholson Wornum, ed. Biographical catalogue of the principal Italian painters. Woodfall & Kinder, Angel Court, Skinner Street, London. pp. 106–7.
- John Richards, "Barnaba da Modena." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 17 March 2016
- Ingo F. Walther, Robert Suckale, Masterpieces of Western Art: A History of Art in 900 Individual Studies from the Gothic to the Present Day, Taschen, 2002, p. 47
Media related to Barnaba da Modena at Wikimedia Commons
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