Barnadesioideae

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Barnadesioideae
Chuquiraga oppositifolia.jpg
Chuquiraga oppositifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Barnadesioideae
K.Bremer & R.K.Jansen
Tribe: Barnadesieae
D.Don
Genera

9, see text

Barnadesioideae is a subfamily of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. It comprises a single tribe, the Barnadesieae. The subfamily is endemic to South America. Molecular evidence suggests it is a basal clade within the family,[1][2] and it is monophyletic.[3]

The subfamily includes species of annual and perennial herbs, shrubs, and trees up to 30 meters tall. Most are likely pollinated by hummingbirds.[3]

Phylogeny[edit]

Genetic analysis has included increasing numbers of taxa and involved a growing number of genes. The relationships of the genus Schlechtendalia could so far not be resolved. The following tree reflects the current scientific insights and Schlechtendalia can be found in two possible positions.[3]




Calyceraceae


Asteraceae
subfamily Barnadesioideae

? Schlechtendalia luzulifolia ?






? Schlechtendalia luzulifolia ?




Huarpea andina



Barnadesia






Dasyphyllum subgenus Dasyphyllum




Dasyphyllum subgenus Archidasyphyllum




Fulcaldea laurifolia



Arnaldoa








Duseniella patagonica




Doniophyton



Chuquiraga








subfamily Famatinanthoideae




subfamily Mutisioideae



all other Asterid subfamilies







References[edit]

  1. ^ Urtubey, E. and T. F. Stuessy. (2001). New hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships in Barnadesioideae (Asteraceae) based on morphology. Taxon 50(4) 1043–66.
  2. ^ Timme, R. E., et al. (2007). A comparative analysis of the Lactuca and Helianthus (Asteraceae) plastid genomes: identification of divergent regions and categorization of shared repeats. American Journal of Botany 94(3) 302–12.
  3. ^ a b c Gruenstaeudl, Michael; Urtubey, Estrella; Jansen, Robert K.; Samuel, Rosabelle; Barfuss, Michael H.J.; Stuessy, Tod F. (2009). "Phylogeny of Barnadesioideae (Asteraceae) inferred from DNA sequence data and morphology". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 51 (3): 572–87. PMID 19264147.