Barnes Peacock

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Sir Barnes Peacock (1810 – 3 December 1890) was an English judge. He was the first Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court in India.

Biography[edit]

Peacock was the son of Lewis Peacock, a solicitor. After practising as a special pleader, he was called to the bar in 1836 by the Inner Temple, and joined the Home Circuit.[1] In 1844 he obtained great reputation by pointing out the flaw which invalidated the conviction of Daniel O'Connell and his fellow defendants.[2] He took silk in 1850, and was elected a bencher of the Inner Temple the same year.[1]

In 1852, Peacock went to India as a legal member of the Governor General's council. The Legislative Council was established soon after his arrival, and although no orator, he was so frequent a speaker that legislation enjoining councillors to deliver their speeches sitting was said to have been devised with the sole object of restraining him.[2] As a member of Lord Dalhousie's council he supported the annexation of Oudh, and he stood by Lord Canning all through the Indian Mutiny.[2]

In 1859 Peacock became the last Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William, and was knighted.[1] He was appointed as the first Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court on 1 July 1862. He returned to England in 1870 and in 1872 was placed upon the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, the court of last resort for the British Empire.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hamilton, J. A.; Stearn, Roger T. "Peacock, Sir Barnes (1810–1890)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21670.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911, p. 20.

Reference[edit]

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