Barnet Gate Mill

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Arkley Windmill
Barnet Gate Mill - - 384642.jpg
Barnet Gate Mill.
Mill nameBarnet Gate Mill
Grid referenceTQ 217 953
Coordinates51°38′35″N 0°14′35″W / 51.643°N 0.243°W / 51.643; -0.243Coordinates: 51°38′35″N 0°14′35″W / 51.643°N 0.243°W / 51.643; -0.243
Year built1826
PurposeCorn mill
Typetower mill
StoreysFour storeys
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsTwo Patent sails and two Common sails
WindshaftCast iron
Auxiliary powerSteam engine
No. of pairs of millstonesThree pairs

Barnet Gate Mill or Arkley Windmill is a grade II* listed[1] tower mill at Barnet Gate in the London Borough of Barnet, originally in Hertfordshire, which was built in 1823.[2] There is no public access.


Barnet Gate Mill was built in 1823.[2] A claim that it was built during the Napoleonic Wars (c.1800) has not been substantiated. Although steam had been added in 1895,[3] it was working by wind until 1918,[2] latterly on two sails. The mill was restored in 1930.[4] A new cap, fantail and gallery around the cap being made. The work was done by Thomas Hunt, the Soham millwright. In a further restoration in 1985, the missing pair of sails was replaced.[3]


Barnet Gate Mill is a four-storey tower mill with an ogee cap which has a gallery. It has two Patent sails and two Common sails carried on a cast iron windshaft. The cap is winded by a fantail.[3]


The mill may have started life with two Common sails and two Spring sails carried on a wooden windshaft as the wooden clasp arm Brake Wheel has had to be fitted with packing pieces to enable it to fit the current windshaft, which being of iron is a smaller diameter than a wooden one would be. The Wallower is of cast iron, carried on a wooden upright shaft. This carries the Great Spur Wheel, which is of iron with wooden cogs and drove the two pairs of millstones underdrift. A third pair was added when steam power was installed. Only one pair of millstones remains today.[3]


  • John Whitehead 1843–1851
  • Frederick Edwards 1870–1899
  • Noah Edwards 1896–1918[3]


  1. ^ "ARKLEY WINDMILL, BARNET ROAD, BARNET, BARNET, GREATER LONDON". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
  2. ^ a b c "HERTFORDSHIRE WINDMILLS". Anvil. Archived from the original on 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
  3. ^ a b c d e Moore, Cyril (1999). Hertfordshire Windmills & Windmillers. Sawbridgeworth: Windsup Publishing. pp. 42–44. ISBN 0-9533861-0-4.
  4. ^ "Arkley and Barnet Gate". Barnet Online. Archived from the original on January 24, 2011. Retrieved 2008-05-21.

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