Barnim

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Barnim
District
Brandenburg BAR.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Eberswalde
Area
 • Total 1,494 km2 (577 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2016)[1]
 • Total 179,365
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BAR, BER, EW
Website www.barnim.de

Barnim is a district in Brandenburg, Germany. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) Poland, the district of Märkisch-Oderland, the city state of Berlin and the districts of Oberhavel and Uckermark.

History[edit]

The name "Barnim" emerged in the 13th century and was applied to a large forest region east of the Havel and north of the Spree on the homonymous plateau, where noblemen used to hunt. The present district is roughly identical with, but somewhat smaller than this historical region.

The district was established in 1993 by merging the former districts of Bernau and Eberswalde.

Geography[edit]

Barnim extends from the Oder River to the outskirts of Berlin. The Oder River forms the eastern border. From here the Oder Havel Canal (connecting Oder and Havel) and the historical Finow Canal lead westwards to Eberswalde and beyond. The portions north of these artificial waterways are called Schorfheide. This is a forest region with several large lakes, e.g. Werbellinsee (8 km²), Grimnitzsee (8 km²) and Parsteiner See (10 km²). The Schorfheide is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and houses several rare animals like the white-tailed eagle, greater spotted eagle, osprey, black stork, European beaver and otter.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Barnim: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 74,305—    
1890 85,169+0.91%
1910 106,837+1.14%
1925 115,955+0.55%
1933 133,005+1.73%
1939 154,918+2.57%
1946 154,627−0.03%
1950 159,481+0.78%
1964 153,249−0.28%
1971 155,650+0.22%
1981 156,734+0.07%
1985 156,658−0.01%
1989 153,978−0.43%
1990 150,687−2.14%
1991 148,751−1.28%
1992 148,750−0.00%
1993 149,143+0.26%
1994 150,060+0.61%
1995 151,783+1.15%
1996 154,698+1.92%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 159,689+3.23%
1998 163,937+2.66%
1999 167,914+2.43%
2000 170,288+1.41%
2001 171,490+0.71%
2002 172,382+0.52%
2003 173,951+0.91%
2004 175,861+1.10%
2005 176,693+0.47%
2006 177,396+0.40%
2007 177,589+0.11%
2008 177,644+0.03%
2009 176,904−0.42%
2010 176,848−0.03%
2011 172,572−2.42%
2012 173,193+0.36%
2013 173,754+0.32%
2014 174,981+0.71%
2015 177,411+1.39%
2016 179,365+1.10%

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms of the district resembles the coat of arms of the former district Oberbarnim. The only difference is that the old one had a silver top half and a red bottom half, while the current one is split into four parts and in the right half exchanged red and silver. The eagle in the top half is the eagle of Brandenburg.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Bernau bei Berlin
  2. Eberswalde
  3. Werneuchen


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Ahrensfelde
  2. Panketal
  3. Schorfheide
  4. Wandlitz

1. Biesenthal-Barnim

  1. Biesenthal1, 2
  2. Breydin
  3. Marienwerder
  4. Melchow
  5. Rüdnitz
  6. Sydower Fließ

2. Britz-Chorin-Oderberg

  1. Britz1
  2. Chorin
  3. Hohenfinow
  4. Liepe
  5. Lunow-Stolzenhagen
  6. Niederfinow
  7. Oderberg2
  8. Parsteinsee

3. Joachimsthal (Schorfheide)

  1. Althüttendorf
  2. Friedrichswalde
  3. Joachimsthal1, 2
  4. Ziethen
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Barnim at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°50′N 13°45′E / 52.833°N 13.750°E / 52.833; 13.750