Barnston Island (British Columbia)
Barnston Island is an unincorporated island located in the Greater Vancouver metropolitan area of British Columbia, Canada. Most of the island is part of the Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A; the remainder is Barnston Island Indian Reserve No. 3, which is outside Electoral Area A limits and is under the governance of the Katzie First Nation, headquartered across the river at their main reserve in Pitt Meadows. Although the island is unincorporated and not officially part of any municipality, mailing addresses on the island use Surrey as the city name.
Located in the Fraser River between Surrey and Pitt Meadows, Barnston Island was named in 1827 for Hudson's Bay Company Clerk George Barnston. The island has no direct road access to the rest of the area. It is accessed through the Barnston Island Ferry, a short 5-minute ferry route from Surrey on 104 Avenue across Parson's Channel; the ferry ride is free. Barnston Island's main road travels along the perimeter of the island.
Barnston Island contains mostly farmland and is home to a total population of 155 people (2001 census), 46 of whom live on the Barnston Island 3 Indian Reserve, located near the southeast part of the island. Statistics Canada defines the island as Vancouver CMA Census Tract 0251.00 of British Columbia.
Agricultural Land Reserve
In 2004, a group of landowners applied to the provincial Agricultural Land Commission to have approximately 85% of the land outside the Indigenous community removed from the Agricultural Land Reserve. On July 19, 2006 the Commission rejected the application.
Origin of the name
Barnston Island first received electricity in 1938, following the laying of an underwater cable between Port Kells and the south side of the island.
There are no schools on Barnston Island. K-12 education of Barnston Island residents is provided by School District 36 Surrey. Students are zoned to Bothwell Elementary and Fraser Heights Secondary School.
Demographics (Barnston Island Indian Reserve No. 3)
In the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada originally reported that Barnston Island 3 had a population of 0 living in 1 of its 1 total dwellings, a -100.0% change from its 2006 population of 49. Statistics Canada subsequently amended the 2011 census results to a population of 47 living in 18 of its 18 total dwellings, a -4.3% change from 2006. With a land area of 0.58 km2 (0.22 sq mi), it had a population density of 81.0/km2 (209.9/sq mi) in 2011.
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Total Indigenous population||35||70%|
- "Barnston Island Application". British Columbia Agricultural Land Commission. Archived from the original on 23 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-14.
- "Industrial development of Barnston Island rejected". CBC News. 2006-07-25. Retrieved 2006-08-14.
- Place names of the Lower Mainland Archived 2009-05-05 at the Wayback Machine
- Island Sojourn - Those Carefree Years on Barnston Island (1930-1940)
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
- Save Barnston Island photo set
- Community Profile: Barnston Island 3 Indian Reserve, British Columbia; Statistics Canada