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The baro’t saya is the national dress of the Philippines, the Barong being its masculine equivalent. Both are all traditionally made of piña though other materials that are not piña are also used in some baro't saya and barong.
The early pre-colonial clothing of ethnic groups such as the Tagalogs and Visayans included both the baro and saya made from silk in matching colours, this style was exclusively worn by the women from the upper caste, while those of lower castes wore baro made from pounded white bark fibre.
Tribes whose traditional attire closely resembles more ancient styles include the Tumandok of Panay— the only Visayan people who were not hispanicized; various Moro peoples; and the indigenous Lumad tribes in the interior of Mindanao. Maria Clara gown and Terno emerged from Baro't Saya.
Pre-Hispanic clothing of nobility in the 16th century Boxer Codex, featuring a woman dressed in a prototype to the Baro't saya