Baroda and Gujarat States Agency

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Baroda and Gujarat States Agency
Agency of British India
1937–1944
Baroda and Gujarat States Agency.png
Map of the area of the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency. The territories of Baroda State are in violet and those of other states in green.
Area 
• 1931
42,267 km2 (16,319 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
3760800
History 
• Merger of Baroda, Rewa Kantha, Surat and other minor agencies
1937
1944
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Baroda Agency
Rewa Kantha Agency
Surat Agency
Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency
"A collection of treaties, engagements, and sunnuds relating to India and neighbouring countries"

Baroda and Gujarat States Agency was a political agency of British India, managing the relations of the British government of the Bombay Presidency with a collection of princely states.[1]

The political agent, who was also Collector of the British District of the Panchmahal, resided at Baroda (Vadodara).

History[edit]

Succession of British Agencies in Gujarat

In 1937, the great Gaekwar Baroda State and other princely states of the Baroda Agency were merged with those of the agencies adjacent to the northern part of the Bombay Presidency, Rewa Kantha Agency, Surat Agency, Nasik Agency, Kaira Agency and Thana Agency, in order to form the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency.[2]

On November 5, 1944 the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency was merged with the Western India States Agency (WISA) to form a larger Baroda, Western India and Gujarat States Agency. At Indian Independence, this would merge into Bombay State, ending up at its split in present Gujarat.

The Attachment Scheme[edit]

The process of the 'attachment scheme' began from 1940 onwards in order to integrate the smallest princely states, estates and thanas. Baroda State was one of the main beneficiaries of this measure by being able to add about 15,000 km² and half a million inhabitants to the state. The merged states were Pethapur on 1 February 1940, the Katosan Thana, with Deloli, Kalsapura, Maguna, Memadpura, Rampura, Ranipura, Tejpura, Varsora, the Palaj Taluka and both Ijpura States between June and July 1940. These were followed on 10 July 1943 by the states of Ambliara, Ghorasar, Ilol, Katosan, Khadal, Patdi, Punadra, Ranasan, Wasoda and Wao[3] Also many small Talukas of the region were merged. On 24 July 1943 Sachodar State and a few small places that had no own jurisdiction were annexed. Finally, by December the small states of Bajana, Bhilka, Malpur, Mansa and Vadia followed suit.[4]

Princely States[edit]

The number of separate states was above 80, but most were minor or petty states. Many of them were under British protectorate or at least influence. By far the largest one was Baroda State (which received tribute from many small states, also in Kathiawar), only ten more ranked as Salute states.[5] Jafrabad State had formerly been part of the Baroda Agency and was transferred later to the Kathiawar Agency.

The total area of the states the agency dealt with was 42,267 km2 (16,319 sq mi). In 1931 their combined population was 3,760,800. Many of the inhabitants were.[6]

Former Baroda Agency[edit]

Salute state :

  • Baroda State, title Maharaja Gaekwar, Hereditary salute of 21-guns

Non-salute states :

Former Rewa Kantha Agency[edit]

Salute states :

  • First Class : Rajpipla (Nandod), title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 13-guns
  • Second Class :

Non-salute states :

Major Mehwas
minor Mehwas (petty (e)states), in two geographical divisions

Sankheda :


Pandu (incl. three Dorka estates) :


Minor former Agencies[edit]

Former Surat Agency[edit]

Salute states :

  • Dharampur, title Raja, Hereditary salute of 9-guns (11 personal)
  • Sachin, title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 9-guns

Non-salute state :

Other:

  • The Dangs

Former Kaira Agency[edit]

Salute state :

  • Cambay, title Nawab, Hereditary salute of 11-guns

Former Nasik Agency[edit]

Former Thana Agency[edit]

Salute state :

  • Jawhar, title Maharaja, Hereditary salute of 9-guns

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency"
  2. ^ History of the State of Gujarat
  3. ^ which had been fourth class states in the Mahi Kantha Agency.
  4. ^ McLeod, John; Sovereignty, power, control: politics in the States of Western India, 1916-1947; Leiden u.a. 1999; ISBN 90-04-11343-6; p. 160
  5. ^ Princely States within the Rewa Kantha Agency (1901)
  6. ^ "The Rewakantha directory"

Coordinates: 22°11′N 73°07′E / 22.18°N 73.12°E / 22.18; 73.12