Baron Byron, of Rochdale in the County Palatine of Lancaster, is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1643 by letters patent for Sir John Byron, a Cavalier general and former Member of Parliament. The peerage was created with remainder to the heirs male of his body, failing to his six brothers: Richard, William, Thomas, Robert, Gilbert, and Philip, and the heirs male of their bodies. Lord Byron died childless and was succeeded according to the special remainder by his next eldest brother Richard, the second Baron.
The latter's great-grandson, the fifth Baron, killed his cousin and neighbour William Chaworth in a duel on 26 January 1765. He was brought before his peers in the House of Lords but under the statute of Edward VI he was found guilty only of manslaughter and forced to pay a small fine. Byron henceforth became known as "the Wicked Lord" and "the Devil Byron".
He was succeeded by his great-nephew, George Gordon Byron, the sixth Baron, the famous Romantic poet. He was the son of John "Mad Jack" Byron, son of Vice-Admiral the Hon. John "Foulweather Jack" Byron, second son of the fourth Baron and the younger brother of the fifth Baron. Lord Byron died without male issue and was succeeded by his first cousin, the seventh Baron, who was an Admiral in the Royal Navy.
On the death of his great-grandson, the eleventh Baron (who had succeeded his first cousin once-removed in 1949), this line of the family expired. The late Baron was succeeded by his distant relative (his fifth cousin), the twelfth Baron. He was the great-great-great-grandson of Reverend the Hon. Richard Byron, third son of the fourth Baron. As of 2009 the title is held by his second son, the thirteenth Baron, who succeeded in 1989.
From the 16th century until 1818, the family residence of the Lords Byron was Newstead Abbey in Nottinghamshire. Most Lords Byron are buried in the family vault in the nearby Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Hucknall.
Barons Byron (1643)
- John Byron, 1st Baron Byron (1599–1652)
- Richard Byron, 2nd Baron Byron (1606–1679)
- William Byron, 3rd Baron Byron (1636–1695)
- William Byron, 4th Baron Byron (1669–1736)
- William Byron, 5th Baron Byron (1722–1798)
- George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (1788–1824), the English Romantic poet
- George Anson Byron, 7th Baron Byron (1789–1868)
- George Anson Byron, 8th Baron Byron (1818–1870)
- George Frederick William Byron, 9th Baron Byron (1855–1917)
- Frederick Ernest Charles Byron, 10th Baron Byron (1861–1949)
- Rupert Frederick George Byron, 11th Baron Byron (1903–1983)
- Richard Geoffrey Gordon Byron, 12th Baron Byron (1899–1989)
- Robert James Byron, 13th Baron Byron (b. 1950)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son, the Hon. Charles Richard Gordon Byron (b. 1990)
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Lundy, Darryl. "ThePeerage.com".
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 630.
- G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 457.