Baron Churchill (1815 creation)

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Baron Churchill
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, quarterly Argent and Gules, the second and third quarters charged with a Fret Or, over all a Bend Sable, charged with three Escallops Argent (Spencer); 2nd & 3rd, Sable, a Lion rampant Argent, on a Canton (of honourable augmentation) Argent, a Cross Gules (Churchill). Crest: Out of a Ducal Coronet Or, a Griffin’s Head between two Wings expanded Argent, gorged with a Bar gemel Gules. Supporters: Dexter: A Griffin wings elevated per fess Argent and Or. Sinister: A Wyvern wings elevated Gules, both gorged with a Collar Or, charged with three Escallops Sable, attached thereto a line reflexed over the back, terminating in an Annulet Or.
Creation date11 August 1815
CreationFirst
MonarchThe Prince Regent (acting on behalf of his father King George III)
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderLord Francis Spencer
Present holderRichard Spencer, 6th Baron Churchill
Heir apparentHon. Michael Spencer
StatusExtant
MottoDIEU DEFEND LE DROIT
(English: God defend my right)
The Barony of Churchill was held by the Viscounts Churchill from 1902 to 2017
Viscount Churchill
Creation date14 July 1902
MonarchEdward VII
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderVictor Spencer, 3rd Baron Churchill
Last holderVictor Spencer, 3rd Viscount Churchill
StatusExtinct
Extinction date18 October 2017

Baron Churchill, of Wychwood in the County of Oxford, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and held by a branch of the Spencer family. It was created in 1815 for Lord Francis Spencer,[1][2][3] younger son of the 4th Duke of Marlborough (see Duke of Marlborough for earlier history of the family). He had previously represented Oxfordshire in Parliament.

From 1902 to 2017, the barony was subsidiary title of the viscountcy of Churchill. The title of Viscount Churchill, of Rolleston in the County of Leicester, was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom on 15 July 1902 for the first baron's grandson Conservative politician Victor Spencer, 3rd Baron Churchill.[4] The viscountcy became extinct in 2017 on the death of the first Viscount's youngest son, the third Viscount, who had succeeded his half-brother, the second Viscount, in 1973.

The barony was inherited by the last Viscount's second cousin once removed,[5] the great-grandson of General the Hon. Sir Augustus Almeric Spencer GCB, who was the third son of the 1st Baron Churchill. As a descendant of the 4th Duke of Marlborough, the 6th Baron is also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles.

Barons Churchill (1815)[edit]

Viscounts Churchill (1902)[edit]

Barons Churchill (1815; reverted)[edit]

  • Richard Harry Ramsay Spencer, 6th Baron Churchill (born 1926)[5]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son, the Hon. Michael Richard de Charrière Spencer (born 1960).

Male-line family tree[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Parliament Online "Lord Francis Almeric (1779-1845), of Wychwood and Cornbury Park, Oxon". Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  2. ^ Cracrofts peerage "Churchill, Baron (UK, 1815)". Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  3. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography "Spencer, Francis Almeric, first Baron Churchill of Wychwood". Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  4. ^ "No. 27455". The London Gazette. 18 July 1902. p. 4586.
  5. ^ a b "The 3rd (and last) Viscount Churchill, OBE 1934-2017". Peerage News. UK. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2018. The viscountcy of Churchill (created in 1902) now becomes extinct. The 3rd Viscount is succeeded in the barony of Churchill (created in 1815) by his second cousin once removed, Richard Harry Ramsay Spencer, born 11 Oct, 1926, who becomes the 6th Baron Churchill.
  6. ^ "Death Announcements: CHURCHILL". The Telegraph. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]