Baron Henley

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Baron Henley and
Baron Northington
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Image of the arms of Baron Henley and Northington are unavailable

Blazon

Arms: Quarterly 1st & 4th, Gules, on a Chevron Argent, between three Garbs Or, banded Vert, three Escallops Sable (for Eden); 2nd & 3rd, Azure, a Lion rampant Argent, ducally crowned Or, within a Bordure Argent, charged with eight Torteaux (for Henley). Crest: A dexter Arm in Armour couped at the shoulder proper, and grasping a Garb Or. Supporters: Dexter: a Lion Argent, semée of Torteaux, ducally crowned Or, having a Plain Collar Or, rimmed Azure, on the collar three Escallops Sable, and pendant therefrom a Shield Gold, charged with an Eagle displayed with two heads Sable. Sinister: a Stag Argent, semée of Torteaux, attired Or, gorged with a Plain Collar Or, rimmed Azure, on the collar three Escallops Sable, and pendant therefrom a Shield Or, charged with an Eagle displayed with one head Sable.

Creation date 9 November 1799 (Baron Henley)
28 June 1885 (Baron Northington)
Creation Second (Baron Henley)
First (Baron Northington)
Monarch George III (Baron Henley)
Queen Victoria (Baron Northington)
First holder Morton Eden, 1st Baron Henley
Anthony Henley, 3rd Baron Henley, 1st Baron Northington
Present holder Oliver Eden, 8th Baron Henley, 6th Baron Northington
Heir apparent Hon. John Eden
Status Extant
Armorial motto SI SIT PRUDENTIA
(If there only be prudence)
Earl of Northington
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Image of the arms of the Earl of Northington are unavailable

Blazon

Arms: Quarterly 1st & 4th, Azure, a Lion rampant Argent, ducally crowned Or, within a Bordure Argent, charged with eight Torteaux (for Henley); 2nd & 3rd, Argent, three Battering Rams proper, armed and garnished Azure (for Bertie). Crest: A Lion’s Head erased Argent, charged with Hurts, and ducally crowned Or. Supporters: Dexter: A Lion Argent, semée of Torteaux, langued Gules, and ducally crowned Or; Sinister: A Stag Argent, semée of Torteaux, attired and unguled Or.

Creation date 19 May 1764
Monarch George III
First holder Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington
Last holder Robert Henley, 2nd Earl of Northington
Subsidiary titles Baron Henley
Status Extinct
Extinction date 5 July 1786
Armorial motto SOLA ET UNICA VIRTUS
(Alone and unique is virtue)


Baron Henley is a title that has been created twice: first in the Peerage of Great Britain and then in the Peerage of Ireland. The first creation came in 1760 in favour of Sir Robert Henley, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain when he was created Lord Henley, Baron of Grainge in the County of Southampton.[1] In 1764 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Northington.[2] On the death of his son, the second Earl, both titles became extinct. Lady Elizabeth Henley, youngest daughter of the first Earl and co-heiress of the second Earl, married the diplomat Morton Eden. In 1799 the Henley title was revived when Eden was created Baron Henley, of Chardstock in the County of Dorset, in the Peerage of Ireland. Their son, the second Baron, assumed the surname of Henley in lieu of Eden and notably published a biography of his maternal grandfather. His son, the third Baron, sat as Liberal Member of Parliament for Northampton. In 1885 the Northington title was also revived when he was created Baron Northington, of Watford in the County of Northampton, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[3] This title gave the Barons an automatic seat in the House of Lords.

His younger son, the sixth Baron, resumed the surname of Eden in 1925, the same year he succeeded his half-brother in the titles. As of 2013 the peerages are held by his grandson, the eighth Baron, who succeeded his father in 1977. He is a Conservative politician and served in the Conservative administrations of Margaret Thatcher, John Major and David Cameron. Lord Henley is now one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act of 1999.

The Barons Henley are members of the prominent Eden family. The first Baron was the fifth son of Sir Robert Eden, 3rd Baronet, of West Auckland, and the younger brother of William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland. Their elder brother Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland (second son of the third Baronet of West Auckland), was the great-great-grandfather of Prime Minister Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, and the great-great-great-grandfather of the Conservative politician John Benedict Eden, Baron Eden of Winton.

The family seat is Scaleby Castle, near Carlisle, Cumbria.

Barons Henley, First creation (1760)[edit]

Earls of Northington (1764)[edit]

Barons Henley, Second creation (1799)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. John Michael Oliver Eden (born 1988).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 9986". The London Gazette. 29 March 1760. p. 1. 
  2. ^ "No. 10418". The London Gazette. 19 May 1764. p. 4. 
  3. ^ "No. 25486". The London Gazette. 3 July 1885. p. 3060. 

References[edit]