Earl of Castlemaine
The Earldom of Castlemaine was a title created in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created for Roger Palmer, the husband of Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), mistress to King Charles II. The Earl was also given the title Baron Limerick.
The title was limited to his male heirs by Barbara (i.e. as opposed, that is, to any later wife he might have) making it clear that the Earldom was for his wife's services to the King and not his own. As the only child officially fathered by the 1st Earl (which probably was not actually his) was a female, the title became extinct on his death.
Earls of Castlemaine, First Creation (1661)
- Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine (1634–1705)
- Edmund Lodge (1859). The Genealogy of the Existing British Peerage and Baronetage: Containing the Family Histories of the Nobility. With the Arms of the Peers. Hurst and Blackett. p. 242.