Gustav Overbeck

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Gustav Overbeck, from 1867 von Overbeck, in 1873 Baron von Overbeck (4 March 1830 – 8 April 1894 in London) was a German businessman, adventurer and diplomat.

Baron de Overbeck was appointed as the Maharaja Sabah, Rajah Gaya and Sandakan in a treaty which was signed by Sultan Abdul Momin of Brunei on 29 December 1877. As in 1877, the Brunei Sultanate then still believed and maintained that the territory of North Borneo was in fact still under the control of the Brunei Sultanate. Baron de Overbeck was also appointed as Dato Bendahara and Raja Sandakan in a second treaty signed by Sultan Jamalalulazam of Sulu appointing Baron de Overbeck on 22 January 1878.[1]

Dent & Co. in Hong Kong, 1858.
Concession from the Sultan of Brunei (left) and Sulu (right), 1877 and 1878.[1][2]




  • Rainer Pape: Gustav Freiherr von Overbeck (1830–1894). Eine biographische Skizze, in: Lippische Mitteilungen aus Geschichte und Landeskultur 28 (1959) 163-217
  • Volker Schult: Wunsch und Wirklichkeit: deutsch-philippinische Beziehungen im Kontext globaler Verflechtungen 1860–1945. Berlin: Logos 2008 (Berliner Südostasien-Studien 8) ISBN 978-3-8325-1898-1, S. 51–53


  1. ^ a b Rozan Yunos (7 March 2013). "Sabah and the Sulu claims". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Rozan Yunos (21 September 2008). "How Brunei lost its northern province". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Siehe hier (PDF; 312 kB) für die offizielle englische Übersetzung
  4. ^ “…this cession is one of the greatest secured by a commercial company since the days of the famous East India Company…” (Washington Post, April 12, 1878), zitiert nach den Madeleine Vinton Dahlgren Papers (Gustav Overbecks Schwiegermutter) in der Georgetown University Library
  5. ^ Wortlaut des Charter-Vertrags der British Nord Borneo Company
  6. ^ Madeleine Vinton Dahlgren: Memoir of John A. Dahlgren, rear-admiral United States navy. Boston: J. R. Osgood and company 1882, S. 644
  7. ^ Siehe Alan Walker: Hans von Bülow: a life and times. New York: Oxford University Press US 2010 ISBN 978-0-19-536868-0, S. 227ff.