Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians

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Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians
Bandera Ranxeria barona.PNG
Tribal flag
Total population
490[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States California (California)
Languages
Ipai,[2] Tipai,[3] English
Religion
Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)[4]
Related ethnic groups
other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa,
Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa
Barona Reservation
Reservation
Flag of Barona Reservation
Flag
Coordinates: 32°57′N 116°50′W / 32.950°N 116.833°W / 32.950; -116.833Coordinates: 32°57′N 116°50′W / 32.950°N 116.833°W / 32.950; -116.833
Country United States
State California
Area
 • Total 5,181 acres (2,097 ha)
Population (1973)
 • Total 125
 • Density 15/sq mi (6.0/km2)

The Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians,[4] who are sometimes known as Mission Indians.

Reservations[edit]

In 1875, the tribe along with the Viejas Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians, controls the Capitan Grande Reservation, which consisted of barren, uninhabitable mountain lands. The El Capitan Reservoir, forcibly purchased from the two tribes to provide water for San Diego, submerged what habitable land existed on the reservation. The two tribes jointly control this reservation. It is undeveloped but serves as an ecological preserve.[5]

The Barona Reservation (32°57′19″N 116°50′39″W / 32.95528°N 116.84417°W / 32.95528; -116.84417) is a federal Indian reservation located in San Diego County, California, near Lakeside[1] and the Cleveland National Forest. It takes its name from the Mexican land grant Cañada de San Vicente y Mesa del Padre Barona, named in turn after Padre José Barona, a friar at Mission San Diego de Alcalá from 1798 until he transferred to Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1811.[6] Founded in 1932, the reservation covers 5,181 acres (20.97 km2). Much of the highland valley has good farmland, the reservation hosts several ranches, a chapel, tribal offices, community center, and ball park, created by the tribe.[3] In 1973, 125 of the 156 enrolled members lived on the reservation.[2] The nearest community is San Diego Country Estates, which adjoins the reservation's northeast side.

Government[edit]

The Barona Band is headquartered in Lakeside, California. They are governed by a democratically elected, seven-person tribal council, who serve four-year terms. As of 2016, the council members are:

  • Clifford LaChappa, Chairman
  • Raymond Welch, Vice-Chairman
  • Melissa Donayre, Councilwoman
  • Beth Glasco, Councilwoman
  • Bonnie LaChappa, Councilwoman
  • Adam Reyes, Councilman
  • Edward "Joe" Welch, Sr., Councilman[7]

Economic development[edit]

The tribe owns and operates the Barona Resort and Casino, AmBience Day Spa, Barona Creek Golf Club, Barona Steakhouse, Sage Café, Seasons Fresh Buffet, HoWan Noodle Shop, and several other restaurants, all in Lakeside.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b White, Phillip. "California Indians and Their Reservations: An Online Dictionary". SDSU Library and Information Access. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Shipek, 612
  3. ^ a b Eargle, 201
  4. ^ a b Pritzker, 147
  5. ^ Eargle, 202
  6. ^ Fetzer, 8
  7. ^ "Barona Tribal Council & Gaming Commission". Barona Band of Mission Indians. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Barona Casino". 500 Nations. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 

References[edit]

  • Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. (2000). Northern California Guide: Weaving the Past and Present. San Francisco: Tree Company Press. ISBN 0-937401-10-2. 
  • Fetzer, Leland (2005). San Diego County Place Names A to Z. San Diego, California: Sunbelt Publications. ISBN 978-0-932653-73-4. 
  • Pritzker, Barry M. (2000). A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1. 
  • Shipek, Florence C. (1978). "History of Southern California Mission Indians". In Heizer, Robert F. Handbook of North American Indians. Volume 8: California. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. pp. 610–618. ISBN 0-87474-187-4. 

External links[edit]