Patricia Hollis, Baroness Hollis of Heigham
Early life and education
Hollis was educated at Plympton Grammar School, at Girton College, Cambridge University, the University of California and Columbia University, New York (both where she was Harkness Fellow from 1962 to 1964), and at Nuffield College, Oxford (MA, DPhil).
She was a lecturer in modern history, reader and Dean at the University of East Anglia in Norwich from 1967 until 1990. She served as a National Commissioner for English Heritage from 1988 until 1991. She was married to Martin Hollis, Professor of Philosophy at the University of East Anglia, until his death in 1998: they had two sons.
Patricia Hollis contested the Great Yarmouth constituency for Labour at the February 1974 general election, the October 1974 election and at the 1979 general election. She became involved in local politics early in her career, serving on Norwich City Council from 1968 to 1991, and as Leader of the Council from 1983 to 1988. Hollis served on the Press Council from 1988 to 1990. and was a director of Radio Broadland from 1983 until 1997.
She was created a life peer as Baroness Hollis of Heigham, of Heigham in the City of Norwich on 1 June 1990 and was an Opposition Whip in the House of Lords between 1990 and 1995, and Opposition Spokeswoman on Housing, Local Government, the Environment, Disability and Social Security from 1990. While in opposition she carried through the Lords the proposals for pension sharing on divorce which have now become law.
Hollis was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Work and Pensions (previously Department of Social Security) from 5 May 1997 to the 2005 reshuffle, was made a Privy Counsellor in 1999 and is now a Deputy Lieutenant for Norfolk.
She is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, an honorary fellow of Girton College, Cambridge and the author of several books on women's history and on labour history. Her book Jennie Lee - a life (1997), won the Orwell Prize for political biography and the Wolfson History Prize for the history book of the year. In 2001 she was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of the University by the Open University