Barong (knife)

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Barong
Barung barong moro sword parts.jpg
Sulu Barong and Sheath.jpg
Top: parts of a Barong sword; Bottom: A Moro barong sword and scabbard (c. 1905)
Type Dagger
Specifications
Length 56 cm
Blade length
  • Older Blades: 8 - 22 inches (20 to 56 cm)
  • Newer Blades: 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56cm)

Blade type Single-edge Blade
Hilt type Ivory, Carabao horn or Kamagong
Scabbard/sheath Wood

The barong is a thick, leaf-shaped, single-edged blade sword. It is a weapon used by Muslim Filipino ethnolinguistic groups like the Tausug, Sinama or Yakan in the Southern Philippines.[1]

Description[edit]

Sambal barong knife depicted in the Boxer codex for hunting

Blade[edit]

Barung blades are thick and very heavy with the weight aiding in the slicing capability of the sword. Barong blade lengths range from 8 to 22 inches (20 to 56 cm) as the average blade length is originally 14 inch. Newer blades, on the other hand, tend to be longer measuring at 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm). Damascene patterns are also thick but again most often not as controlled as the more widely known kalis.

Barong blade lamination patterns
 
 
Three examples of 19th-century antique Moro barong 

Hilt (handle)[edit]

Most handles have a silver sleeve and lacquered braided fiber rings that sit on top. Nobility hilts were made of ivory, carabao horn, or kamagong (Philippine ebony). Other barong swords have less elaborate hilts and are smaller in size. Common motifs include the cockatoo and naga (dragon). The long metal ferrule is most often made of silver, though copper, brass and swaasa is also used. Barongs used in World War II may also have aluminium ferrules. The ferrule tends to be around 8 cm (3 inches) in length. Often the ferrule will have lacquered braided natural fiber rings to aid in grip. Sometimes these fiber rings were on top of the ferrule, but often what would appear to be a solid metal ferrule would in fact be a number of metal bands that alternate between the fiber bands.

Cockatoo pommels tended to be made of banati. Higher end barongs belonging to the upper classes often had large elaborately carved junggayan (elongated) cockatoos. Barong for the lower classes, and the ones used for fighting, have less elaborate cockatoo pommels of much smaller sizes, often featuring de-emphasized crests or beaks (and on fighting versions mere vestigial elements of the crest and beak motifs). At one period near World War II, cockatoo forms changed. Crests became more triangular, and began to emerge directly from the back of the pommel, whereas older cockatoo had crests that flowed from the butt-plain of the pommel. Also, beaks started to become more massive and rectangular in form. Barong used by juramentados, or those who had taken the rite of Magsabil, often would feature smaller blades with normal size hilts.

Barung hilts commonly have a metal sleeve (ferrule) and lacquered cord wound around the hilt, for a better grip 
Banati (bunti) is the wood of choice for Muslim barung and kris. 

Scabbard[edit]

A barong previously owned by an Abu Sayaf commander, Mujib Susukan, now on display at the Philippine Military Academy Museum

Older barong scabbards tended only to be partially wrapped with large rattan lashings, while newer barong scabbards feature a full wrap of thin rattan. Also, the scabbards of older barong featured thinner flat boards, whereas post World War II barong scabbards are of much thicker stock, and feature a central ridge line. The terminus on modern-made scabbards tends to turn upward to a more dramatic degree, often at a near 90-degree angle and feature squared tips. As with kris scabbards of the post World War II era, mother of pearl inlays begin to appear at the throat and tips of barong scabbards as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Of Swords and Sticks". Discovery Channel Magazine. August 2008. p. 34. 

External links[edit]