Barou-en-Auge

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Barou-en-Auge
Half-timbered house
Half-timbered house
Location of Barou-en-Auge
Barou-en-Auge is located in France
Barou-en-Auge
Barou-en-Auge
Barou-en-Auge is located in Normandy
Barou-en-Auge
Barou-en-Auge
Coordinates: 48°55′59″N 0°02′35″W / 48.9331°N 0.0431°W / 48.9331; -0.0431Coordinates: 48°55′59″N 0°02′35″W / 48.9331°N 0.0431°W / 48.9331; -0.0431
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementCaen
CantonFalaise
IntercommunalityPays de Falaise
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Claude Laurent
Area
1
8.35 km2 (3.22 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
84
 • Density10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
14043 /14620
Elevation49–116 m (161–381 ft)
(avg. 66 m or 217 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Barou en Auge is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.[2]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Conias.[3]

Geography[edit]

Barou-en-Auge is located some 10 km north-east of Falaise and 8 km south of Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives. Access to the commune is by the D90 road from Louvagny in the north which passes through the centre of the commune and the village before continuing south to Le Marais-la-Chapelle. The D39 from Damblainville to Heurtevent forms the northern border of the commune. The D39B goes west from the village to Morteaux-Coulibœuf.

Le Beudron stream rises near the village and flows west to join the Dives west of the commune. The Ruisseau des Ruaux flows west through the south of the commune and also joins the Dives.[4][5]

Toponymy[edit]

The spelling Barou was attested in 1417.[6] René Lepelley suggested a possible attribution of its origin to the Gallic barro (barre in Old French) meaning "fence" joined to the Gallic suffix of presence -avo meaning "enclosure".[7] Albert Dauzat proposes the Latin anthroponym Barus.[6]

The commune of Barou was renamed Barou-en-Auge in 1936.

History[edit]

Barou-en-Auge appears as Barou on the 1750 Cassini Map[8] and the same on the 1790 version.[9]

On 10 November 1855 at around 10:00 am a wolf was seen in Barou commune. Upon a declaration by the mayor a hunt was organized. All landowners with a gun had to travel to the edge of the wood where the wolf had entered. After an epic pursuit in the wood the wolf was wounded after several shots. He managed to escape and take refuge in a small wood located in the commune of Norrey. At eight in the evening the wolf was killed by a day labourer living in Barou. It was a wolf about 3 to 4 years old. A prize of 12 francs was granted.

The Falaise Pocket was the last operation of the Battle of Normandy during the Second World War. It took place from 12 to 21 August 1944 in an area between the four Normandy towns of Trun, Argentan, Vimoutiers and Chambois and ended near Falaise.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[10]

From To Name Party Position
1989 2020[11] Claude Laurent SE Retired

(Not all data is known)

The Municipal Council is composed of 7 members including the Mayor and 1 deputy.[12]

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 95 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
285 234 238 245 212 226 224 219 224
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
219 206 198 165 158 157 145 157 151
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
141 147 142 128 118 118 122 126 103
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
104 100 87 84 72 69 81 95 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Barou-en-Auge

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • An old Tile Factory. This factory is located on the first clays of the Auge area and close to the woods near Barou which provided fuel. In 1875 it employed four to fifteen workers. The origins of the factory are not known: it is certain that the factory already existed at the beginning of the 19th century when the Tile Factory of Barou was the property of the Jolivet de Colomby family and remains so today. The factory was rented to the Bernuis family. It permanently ceased its activities in 1916 during the First World War with the departure of the men to the front. Production at the factory was seasonal: in spring and summer the clay was mined and tiles were manufactured cooked in ten annual batches. Closed during the winter, the factory reopened after the last frost in April. In summer, especially during the harvest period, the workers went to harvest. Some remains have survived: parts of the oven, the clay insulating cover for baking, a granite millstone for crushing clay, the drying building, and the lodge for the operator who watched the process.
  • The Chemin Haussé Roman road passes through the commune coming from Rouvres via Jort and continuing to Exmes.

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Grande Ferme Farmhouse (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • The Taverne Farmhouse (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14] This farmhouse was once a taverne-inn. The rear façade and the two gables are built in masonry while the main façade is half-timbered with a Corbel arch supported at both corners by the gables. This mixed construction evokes both the Pays d'Auge in the timbering, and the Caen-Falaise plain in the limestone masonry, the village being located on the border of the two regions. The servants' quarters date from the 19th century.
  • The Tarenne FarmhouseLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Chateau(15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A House(18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • Houses and Farms(16th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Parish Church of Saint Martin (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[19] There is a statue in high relief representing the charity of Saint Martin above the portal of the bell tower. This 18th century statue is separated from the rest of the church following the disappearance of a large part of the nave in the late 19th century. It is topped by a weather vane decorated with a tricolor flag instead of the traditional rooster (replaced by the commune). The choir from the 13th century is illuminated by windows with Gothic lancets. The bays of the nave have survived and are closed by a facade decorated with a neo-Gothic portal. To the south, adjoining the choir, the lordly chapel is vaulted with intersecting ribs resting on columns. In the 16th century the lordship of Barou belonged to the Morell family of Aubigny. William, squire of the Queen and Governor of Mortagne au Perche, died in April 1615 as shown on a tombstone and Litre funéraire (a black band around the church to honour the deceased). A funeral decoration is painted in fresco on the wall. The conservation of this type of decoration is rare, the murals were frequently covered according to the tastes of the time.

The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

  • A Tombstone of William of Morel (1615)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Lectern (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Baptismal Font (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
  • A Tabernacle (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
  • An Altar and Retable (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Statue: Christ on the Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • 4 brasses (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Sacristy Chasuble Cabinet (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
  • A Litre funéraire (1615)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
  • 4 Tombstones (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • A Group Sculpture: Charity of Saint Martin (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]

Festivals[edit]

  • Festival Committee: "Entertainment and leisure Barou-en-Auge" (Albea).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Barou-en-Auge on Lion1906
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (in French)
  4. ^ a b Barou-en-Auge on Google Maps
  5. ^ Barou-en-Auge on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  6. ^ a b Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (in French)
  7. ^ René Lepelley, Etymological Dictionary of names of communes in Normandy, Éditions Charles Corlet, Condé-sur-Noireau, 1996, BnF 36174448w p. 59 (in French)
  8. ^ Barou on the 1750 Cassini Map
  9. ^ Barou on the 1790 Cassini Map
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  11. ^ Reelection 2014: Barou-en-Auge (14620) - Municipal Elections 2014, Ouest-France, consulted on 13 June 2014 (in French)
  12. ^ art L. 2121-2 of the General Code of Collective Territories (in French).
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000395 Grande Ferme Farmhouse (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000395 Taverne Farmhouse (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111038 Tarenne Farmhouse (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000396 Chateau (in French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000393 House (in French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000392 Houses and Farms (in French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000397 Church of Saint Martin (in French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000848 Tombstone of William of Morel (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000620 Lectern (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000619 Baptismal Font (in French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000618 Tabernacle (in French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000617 Altar and Retable (in French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000616 Statue: Christ on the Cross (in French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000615 4 brasses (in French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000614 Sacristy Chasuble Cabinet (in French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000613 Litre funéraire (in French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000612 4 Tombstones (in French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000611 Group Sculpture: Charity of Saint Martin (in French)