Barpeta

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Barpeta
Tatikuchi
Town
Barpeta, Assam.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Satra Nagari
Barpeta is located in Assam
Barpeta
Barpeta
Location in Assam, India
Barpeta is located in India
Barpeta
Barpeta
Barpeta (India)
Coordinates: 26°19′N 91°00′E / 26.32°N 91.0°E / 26.32; 91.0Coordinates: 26°19′N 91°00′E / 26.32°N 91.0°E / 26.32; 91.0
Country India
StateAssam
DistrictBarpeta
Elevation
35 m (115 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total42,649
Languages
 • OfficialAssamese
 • NativeBarpetia dialect (of Assamese)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
781301
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-15
Websitebarpeta.nic.in

Barpeta (Pron: bə(r)ˈpeɪtə / bə(r)ˈpi:tə ) is a town in Barpeta district of the state of Assam in India and is district headquarters. The city is located 90 kilometres (56 mi) north west of Guwahati and is one of the major cities in Western Assam. It is also called Satra Nagari (Temple town) of Assam due to the presence of various Vaishnavite Satras in the vicinity.

Geography[edit]

It is located at 26°19′N 91°00′E / 26.32°N 91.0°E / 26.32; 91.0.[1] It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet). It is 40 km away from Manas National Park. Three rivers - Chaulkhowa, Mora Nodi (Dead River) and Nakhanda, both of which are tributaries to Brahmaputra run through the town.[2]

History[edit]

The Barpeta was earlier known as 'Tatikuchi', where Tati stands for weaver and Kuchi means cluster of villages in native Barpetia dialect, i.e. the land of weavers. In ancient times, it was central part of erstwhile ancient Kamrup, included in Kamapitha of Kamarupa Pithas, the ancient divisions of old Kamrup region. In nineteenth century, Barpeta town and adjoining areas became part of Undivided Kamrup district, as Barpeta subdivision. In 1983, the subdivision attained district status.

Forestry[edit]

Barpeta is the gateway to Manas National Park, one of the National Parks of Assam and one of the few tiger reserves of India.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Barpeta town (2011)[3]

  Hindu (90.64%)
  Muslim (9.25%)
  others (0.11%)

Hindus form the overwhelming majority of the town's population, followed by Muslims.[4] As of 2011 India census,[5] Barpeta had a population of 42,649. Population of Children within age of 0-6 is 3673 which is 8.61% of total population of Barpeta. The female Sex Ratio is of 1008 against state average of 958. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Barpeta is around 994 compared to Assam state average of 962. Literacy rate of Barpeta city is 90.77% higher than state average of 72.19%. In Barpeta, Male literacy is around 94.86% while female literacy rate is 86.73% .

Languages spoken in Barpeta town (2011)[6]

  Bengali (55.86%)
  Assamese (14.52%)
  Hindi (9.94%)
  Bodo (2.07%)
  Others (17.61%)

Bengali is spoken by 23,827 people, Assamese is spoken by 6,193, hindi by 4242, Bodo by 884 and 7,503 people speak other languages.[7] Most of these people are Bengali Hindus and Muslims, Assamese people, Hindi speaking people and others. Bengali, Assamese and Hindi are the major languages spoken in the town.

Climate[edit]

Barpeta has subtropical climate, with chilly winters and hot humid summers. However, people here can enjoy both winter and hot. On a hot day, sometimes in this city after 35 high C to 39 High C warm.

Climate data for Barpeta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
32.2
(90.0)
38.4
(101.1)
39.0
(102.2)
37.0
(98.6)
38.3
(100.9)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
35.8
(96.4)
34.3
(93.7)
31.0
(87.8)
28.1
(82.6)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
26.2
(79.2)
30.0
(86.0)
31.2
(88.2)
31.2
(88.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
30.3
(86.5)
27.6
(81.7)
24.7
(76.5)
29.4
(84.9)
Average low °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68.0)
22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.8
(53.2)
19.3
(66.8)
Record low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.1
(43.0)
11.1
(52.0)
16.2
(61.2)
20.4
(68.7)
21.4
(70.5)
22.1
(71.8)
17.7
(63.9)
10.6
(51.1)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.9
(0.47)
18.3
(0.72)
55.8
(2.20)
147.9
(5.82)
244.2
(9.61)
316.4
(12.46)
345.4
(13.60)
264.3
(10.41)
185.9
(7.32)
91.2
(3.59)
18.7
(0.74)
7.1
(0.28)
1,717.7
(67.63)
Average rainy days 1.8 2.9 5.8 13.1 17.0 19.6 22.3 18.5 15.2 7.4 2.8 1.3 127.7
Average relative humidity (%) 79 65 57 68 75 81 83 82 83 82 82 82 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226.3 214.7 220.1 201.0 192.2 132.0 124.0 161.2 138.0 204.6 231.0 232.5 2,277.6
Source: World Meteorological Organization

Politics[edit]

Barpeta is part of Barpeta (Lok Sabha constituency).[8] Indian president Fakaruddin Ali Ahmed was an MLA from Jania LAC and MP from the Barpeta constituency. Syed Abdur Rouf, A.F Golam Osmani and other prominent persons represented Barpeta in the constitutional assembly.[9] Standing MLA of Jania LAC Abdul Khaleque (Assamese politician) has been elected to the Loksabha in 2019. There 7 nos of Assembly Constituency in the district. Those are Jania, Baghbar, Sorbhog, Sarukhetri, Bhabanipur, Chenga and Barpeta .[10]

Transport[edit]

The nearest railway station, airport and port is Barpeta Road, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport and Dhubri respectively.[11] Barpeta town is connected to National Highway 31 through Howly, and National Highway 427 via Hajo-Doulashal connects it to Guwahati.

Education[edit]

Barpeta has very good educational environment. The town has produced so many noble figures of Assam. Few of them are Ambikagiri Raichoudhury, Banikanta Kakati, Mahendra Mohan Choudhry and Purushottam Das. Some of the well known higher educational institutions of Barpeta are Barpeta Vidyapith Higher Secondary School, Kendriya Vidyalaya Barpeta,[12] Madhab Choudhury College[13] and Barpeta Girls' College. It also has the fifth medical college of Assam, the Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Medical College and Hospital.[14]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Barpeta
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  4. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns". Census Commission of India.
  6. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1800.XLSX
  7. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1800.XLSX
  8. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
  9. ^ "Members of Constitutional Assembly".
  10. ^ "About- Wiki Profile of blogger cum marketing guru Main Uddin".
  11. ^ "Barpeta". lumain30.com.
  12. ^ "About Kendriya Vidyalaya Barpeta". Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  13. ^ "About us, M.C. College". Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Classes start in Barpeta medical college". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 May 2021.

External links[edit]