Barqusya

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Barqusya
Barqusya is located in Mandatory Palestine
Barqusya
Barqusya
Arabic بركوسيا (برقوسية)
Name meaning “variegated”[1]
Subdistrict Hebron
Coordinates 31°40′46″N 34°49′24″E / 31.67944°N 34.82333°E / 31.67944; 34.82333Coordinates: 31°40′46″N 34°49′24″E / 31.67944°N 34.82333°E / 31.67944; 34.82333
Palestine grid 133/120
Population 330[2][3] (1945)
Area 3216 dunams
Date of depopulation Not known[4]

Barqusya (also: Barkusya, Arabic: بركوسيا‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Hebron Subdistrict, depopulated in the 1948 Palestine War. It was located 31 km northwest of Hebron.

History[edit]

In 1838, in the Ottoman era, Berkusia was noted as Muslim village in the Gaza area.[5]

In 1863, Victor Guérin found the village to have about 150 inhabitants. He further noted that it was situated on a low hill, with fig trees to the north.[6]

An official Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that Berkusja had 28 houses and a population of 72, though the population count included men, only.[7][8]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A village of moderate size, on a hill in a conspicuous position. The houses are of mud and stone. There is a fine well, resembling that of Summeil, west of the village, and rock-cut tombs to the south-west."[9]

The village had one artesian well which was used in the late 19th century.

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Barqusya had a population of 198 inhabitants, all Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census 258 inhabitants, in 53 houses.[11]

In 1945, it had a population of 330 Muslim inhabitants,[2] and a land area of 3216 dunams.[3] Of this, 28 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 2460 dunams were for cereals,[12] while 31 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[13]

1948, aftermath[edit]

It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on July 9, 1948 under Operation An-Far.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 266
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 23
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50 Archived 2009-07-20 at WebCite
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #291. Morris gives both cause and date for depopulation as "Not known"
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 119
  6. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 121
  7. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 157
  8. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 143
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 414 -415
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 27
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 93
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 143

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]