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Barra brava is a name for organized supporter groups of football teams in Latin America. This style of supporting is very similar to European ultras. It includes standing throughout the match, singing and other enthusiastic behavior. Some barras bravas have developed reputations for hooliganism. The phenomenon originated in Argentina in 1950s, but it has spread throughout the Americas in the 1990s. In Brazil, the torcidas organizadas plays a similar role and in Mexico both the terms barras and porras are used.
In Argentina there are the most dangerous organized supporter groups in the world, some of them giving their members incentives such as reduced ticket prices and free food and drink at games for both themselves and their friends.
There have been 301 hooligan related deaths in the history of Argentine football up to August 2012. Several recent deaths and shootings are the result of rival factions within the same clubs.
Barras bravas are also common in many other South American countries, such as Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Colombia. The Latin American influence of barra bravas have led to supporter groups being established in other parts of the world, most notably the United States where the supporter culture and interest in association football is largely dominated by the U.S. Latino minority.
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- "La Barra Brava: Why US football fans chant in Spanish - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
- Magallón, Enrique López (October 10, 2007). "Los hooligans más peligrosos del mundo están en Argentina" [The most dangerous hooligans of the world are in Argentina]. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- User, Super. "About Us". www.barra-brava.com. Retrieved 2016-05-07.