Barrackpore

Coordinates: 22°46′N 88°22′E / 22.76°N 88.37°E / 22.76; 88.37
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Barrackpore
Barrackpur
City
From the top :
Barrackpore railway station
Barrackpore Trunk Road
Race course Track Ground
Mangal Pandey Park
Barrackpore is located in West Bengal
Barrackpore
Barrackpore
Location in West Bengal, India
Barrackpore is located in India
Barrackpore
Barrackpore
Barrackpore (India)
Barrackpore is located in Asia
Barrackpore
Barrackpore
Barrackpore (Asia)
Coordinates: 22°46′N 88°22′E / 22.76°N 88.37°E / 22.76; 88.37
Country India
State West Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBarrackpore Municipality
 • ChairmanUttam Das, (AITC)[1][2]
 • MPArjun Singh, (BJP, AITC)
 • MLARaj Chakraborty, (AITC)
 • Police CommissionerManoj Kumar Verma, IPS
 • Deputy Commissioner of PoliceSrihari Pandey, IPS
Area
 • Total10.61 km2 (4.10 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total152,784
 • Density14,000/km2 (37,000/sq mi)
DemonymBarrakpurians
Languages
 • OfficialBengali,Hindi[3][4]
 • Additional officialEnglish[4]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700120, 700121, 700122, 700123
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB-23/WB-24
Lok Sabha constituencyBarrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBarrackpore
Police JurisdictionBarrackpore Police Commissionerate
Websitewww.barrackpore.gov.in

Barrackpore (also known as Barrackpur) is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located at north suburban area of Kolkata and the part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It is the headquarters of the Barrackpore subdivision.

St Bartholomew's Cathedral, Barrackpore

Etymology[edit]

The name Barrackpore may have originated from the English word barracks, as it was the site of the first cantonment of the British East India Company. Alternatively, the Ain-i-Akbari suggests that the name comes from "Barbakpur".[5] Manasa Vijay, written by Bipradas Pipilai, refers to Talpukur (a place in Barrackpore) as "Charnak".

History[edit]

The earliest references to the Barrackpore region are found in the writings of the Greek navigators, geographers, chronicles and historians of the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD. These authors generally referred to the country of a people variously called the Gangaridai (also Gangaridae or Gandaritai). By the 15th and 16th centuries, Chanak and the other towns in the region had become populous river towns.[6] The Statistical Account of Bengal by W.W.Hunter mentions the towns and villages of this subdivision on the banks of the Hooghly river as chief trading and marketing centres: "On The Hugli- Calcutta, the chief seat of commerce in India. Baranagar, Dakhineswar, Agarpara, Panihati, Sukchar- Khardah, Barrackpur, Nawabganj, Ichapore, Shyam Nagar, Naihati and Halisahar contain large bazaars for sale of miscellaneous goods."[7]

Under the Mughal Empire, Bengal was divided into Circars, or administrative subunits, each of which was ruled over by a Mahal. The name "Barbuckpur", another name for Barrackpore, is associated with a Mahal in the Ain-e-Akbari. From the 17th century, the area was ruled over by a line of Zamindars based in Nona Chandanpukur, Barrackpore.

The first British barrack or cantonment in India was built in the town in 1772. After the British crown assumed direct control of India, the sprawling Government House and the Government Estate were built in Barrackpore to provide the viceroy with a suburban residence 15 miles (24 km) outside of Calcutta.

Two rebellions against British authority took place in Barrackpore in the 19th century. The first of these was Barrackpore Mutiny of 1824, led by Sepoy Bindee Tiwary.[8] In this rebellion, 47th Bengal Native Infantry refused to board boats to cross the sea for various reasons including social taboo "kala pani" to Burma in the First Anglo-Burmese War. The mutiny was suppressed by loyal Indian sepoys under the command of their British officers.[9] In 1857, Barrackpore was the scene of an incident that some credit with starting the Indian Rebellion of 1857: an Indian soldier, Mangal Pandey, attacked his British commander, and was subsequently court-martialed. His regiment was disbanded, an action which offended a number of sepoys and is considered to have contributed to the anger that fuelled the rebellion. In order to commemorate his actions, a park named 'Sahid Mangal Pandey Udyan' was opened in the serenity of river Hoogly. The Army cantonment of Barrackpore also houses another significant historical landscape called the RCTC area, now populated by the defence quarters.[10]

Zoo[edit]

Asia's first zoo was established at Barrackpore. The zoo was built by Lord Wellesley in the 19th century. There is an aviary built in magnificent Gothic architecture.The zoo had animals such as the African donkey, tiger, bear, bison, leopard, mouse deer, kangaroos, monkeys and various species of birds.[11][12]

Lord Wellesley felt the need of making a detailed description of the animals in Asia. This was primarily because the Europeans were mostly ignorant when it came to the category of Indian animals. He started working on the first Natural Research Center in Asia, the 'National Heritage of India'. Various animals were required to be collected. Barrackpore Zoo was built to store these animals and birds. Until 1804, ₹2,791 was invested in the cost of maintenance of these animals and birds.

Until 1802 and 1803, then only three zoos were open to the general public around the world. The first in Vienna (1765) ,the second in Madrid (1775), the third in Paris (1795). Even the 'Zoological Society of London' was not yet formed (to be formed in 1826). London Zoo was still a long way off, having started in 1828, and was still 43 years late for the general public. Subjects do not have access to the royal zoo. It is surprising to think that at such a time sixteen miles north of Calcutta, Barrackpore, the first zoo in India, the first in Asia and probably the fourth in the world, opened to the general public. This revolutionary work in the history of naturalism in the world was done by an enterprising man of the East India Company, the Governor General of India, Lord Richard Wellesley, the first Marcus Wellesley.

Later due to decrease in funds by East India Company to run the zoo, the birds, animal (like elephant and tigers) were distributed into kings of Princely states.

Barrackpore park[edit]

Between 1798–1805, Lord Wellesley was the Governor of Kolkata and he created a picturesque garden on the banks of the Ganges in Barrackpore spreading across 1006 bighas of land. This garden is today, called Laat Bagan or Mangal Pandey Park.Right next to this garden, he built a gigantic house which resembled no less than a castle. Later, this house was named Barrackpore Government House. It was called Country House by British. It also had hospital at that time. For transport he made road from Barrackpore to ShyamBazar, now known as B.T.Road.

Geography[edit]

Map
Cities and towns in the northern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipality/town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood, OG: outgrowth
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Barrackpore is bounded by North Barrackpur and Jaffarpur to the north, Mohanpur, Chak Kanthalia, Ruiya and Patulia to the east, Titagarh to the south, and the Hooghly and Barrackpur Cantonment to the west.

Map
Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipality/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Background[edit]

Historically, the town was a military and administrative center under British rule and was the scene of several acts of rebellion against Britain during the 19th century. The oldest cantonment in India and the Police Training Academy in West Bengal are both located in Barrackpore. Barrackpore is also the seat for the Sub-Divisional Court of North 24 Parganas District in West Bengal. It was also one of the earliest known places in India, where the sport of cricket was introduced and played during the Colonial era.[13]

Location[edit]

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (presented in the maps alongside) live in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2. The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[14]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire Municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

All places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map.

Barrackpore is bounded by North Barrackpur and Jafarpur on the north, Mohanpur, Chak Kanthalia, Ruiya and Patulia on the east, Titagarh on the south, and the Hooghly and Barrackpur Cantonment on the west.[15][16]

Police station[edit]

Barrackpore and Titagarh police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Barrackpore Municipal area.[17][18]

Post Offices[edit]

Barrackpore Head Post Office is one of the two Head Post Offices of Barrackpore Division (formerly known as North Presidency Division) of North 24 Parganas district . It is a delivery post office, with PIN 700120. Other post offices with the same PIN are Monirampur, Nayapally, Orderly Bazar, Vivekananda Math, Barrackpore Bazar, Barrackpore Government Housing and Ghoshpara Road.[19]

Sewli Telenipara is a delivery branch post office, with PIN 700121 in the Barrackpore Division of North 24 Parganas district. Other post offices with the same PIN are Nilganj Bazaar Sub Post Office, Beraberia BO and Suryapur BO.[20]

Anandapuri is a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700122 in the Barrackpore Division of North 24 Parganas district. Other post offices having the same PIN are Nonachandanpukur (delivery office) and Jafarpur.[21]

Barrackpore RS is a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700123 in the Barrackpore Division of North 24 Parganas district. Other post offices having the same PIN are Panpara and Talpukur (delivery office).[22]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1901 19,307—    
1911 27,605+43.0%
1921 22,460−18.6%
1931 14,413−35.8%
1941 21,773+51.1%
1951 42,639+95.8%
1961 63,778+49.6%
1971 96,889+51.9%
1981 115,516+19.2%
1991 142,557+23.4%
2001 144,391+1.3%
2011 152,783+5.8%
2021198,000+29.6%
Source: [23]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Barrackpore had a total population of 152,783, of which 78,349 (51%) were males and 74,434 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 11,786. The total number of literates in Barrackpore was 125,144 (88.76% of the population over 6 years).[25]

As of the 2001 India Census,[26] Barrackpore had a population of 144,331. Men constitute 53% of the population and women 47%. Barrackpore has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of the population is Bengali and Hindu.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration[edit]

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[27]

Infrastructure[edit]

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Barrackpore Municipal city covered an area of 10.61 km2 (4.10 sq mi). Amongst the civic amenities it had 172.63 km of roads and open drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 40 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities It had 62 primary schools, 12 middle schools, 1 secondary school, 11 senior secondary schools and 3 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 old age home, 6 auditorium/ community halls, 2 public libraries and 6 reading rooms. Amongst the commodities manufactured were cottage industry and confectionery items. It had 11 bank branches.[28]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Barrackpore Chiria More is the junction of Barrackpore Trunk Road and Surendranath Banerjee Road

Barrackpore Trunk Road (B.T. Road) (part of both SH 1 and SH 2) connects Barrackpore Chiria More with Shyambazar. Ghoshpara Road connects Barrackpore railway station area with Kanchrapara and goes on to link with the adjacent district of Nadia. Surendranath Banerjee Road connects Manirampore with Barrackpore railway station area via Barrackpore Chiria More. Barrackpore-Barasat Road (part of SH 2) starts at Lalkuthi and goes up to Barasat via Nilganj. Many buses ply along these roads. Barrackpore Rail Overbridge was opened in 2013 at Lalkuthi to make transport-communication easier and smoother.[29]

Tala Bridge, Barrackpore Trunk Road ( BT Road) is a four-laned road in Kolkata, India. It connects Shyambazar 5-point Crossing with Barrackpore Chiria More.

Bus routes[edit]

WBTC Routes[edit]

CSTC Bus[edit]

CTC Bus[edit]

Bus Routes without Numbers[edit]

SBSTC Routes[edit]

Railways[edit]

Kolkata new proposed Metro Line 5 (Baranagar - Barrackpore)

Barrackpore has been serviced by rail since 1862. It takes about 35–40 minutes by suburban train to reach Barrackpore railway station from Sealdah Station. The Sealdah-Ranaghat Line runs through this city and connects to Howrah, Kolkata, Budge Budge, Kalyani, Ranaghat, Krishnanagar, Shantipur, Gede, Bandel, Burdwan, and Katwa. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Former Rail Minister Mamata Banerjee announced the extension of Metro Rail project to Barrackpore (Kolkata Metro Line 5) which was later shelved infinitely. The Barrackpore Racecourse railway station was constructed in 1927 for race special train. This railway station is now abandoned and used by the Indian army only.[citation needed]

Ferry[edit]

There are three Ferry ghats in Barrackpore. Barrackpore Ferry Ghat links to Jugal Adhya Ferry Ghat across the Hooghly River in Serampore. Babaji Ghat at Monirampore links to Chatra Char Poisar Ghat at Serampore and Dui Poisar Ghat links to Sheoraphuli Ghat.[30]

Air[edit]

Barrackpore Air Force Station is an Indian Air Force base located at Barrackpore. It is one of the oldest stations in the IAF, operating transport units. One of the Mi-17 squadrons is based here. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Dum Dum, Kolkata is the nearest airport.

Education[edit]

Kendriya Vidyalaya Barrackpore Army HQ

Notable schools include in Barrackpore include , Barrackpore Government High School, JDS Public School, Panpur ,Adamas International School and Army Public School .

Among the colleges located in Barrackpore are Barrackpore Rastraguru Surendranath College and Mahadevananda Mahavidyalaya. The area also has two engineering colleges, St. Mary's Technical Campus Kolkata being affiliated to AICTE.

Healthcare[edit]

B.N. Bose Subdivisional Hospital, B.T. Road

Medical facilities available in Barrackpore are B.N. Bose Subdivisional Hospital (with 200 beds), Barrackpore Cantonment Hospital (with 48 beds), Barrackpore Police Case Hospital (with 6 beds) and Police Brigade Hospital (with 120 beds).[31] Amongst the private medical facilities are Barrackpore Multispeciality Hospital, Sarada Seva Sadan, Panacea Nursing Home, Nehru Memorial Techno Global Hospital, Barrackpore City Hospital, Barrackpore Medical Research Center, Disha Eye Hospital and Disha Cataract and Refractive Surgi Centre, Prova Eye Foundation.[32]

Disha Eye Hospitals, Ghosh Para Road

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "- Best Municipality in West Bengal". bkpmuty.in. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  2. ^ Official District Administration site Archived 15 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Places of Interest | NORTH 24 PARGANAS DISTRICT". north24parganas.gov.in. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  6. ^ De, Barun. W.B. District Gazetteer, 24 Parganas ed. 1994.
  7. ^ Hunter W.W. A Statistical Account of Bengal, London, Trübner & Co.1875-1879
  8. ^ Jaideep Mazumder, The First Martyr, OUTLOOK, 25 August 2008, P.20
  9. ^ Wolpert, Stanley (2009). A New History of India (8th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford UP. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-19-533756-3.
  10. ^ "During the early 1920's RCTC was looking for a suitable land to set up its own race course, should anything go wrong over the". rctconline.com. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008.
  11. ^ Karkun, Amitabh. "Asia's first zoo". anandabazar.com (in Bengali). Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  12. ^ "Asia's first zoo at Barrackpore was even older to London Zoo! Surprised?". Get Bengal. Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  13. ^ "Chronology of Important Sports Events — West Bengal". wbsportsandyouth.gov.in. Kolkata: Government of West Bengal – Department of youth services and sports. 2017. Archived from the original on 13 October 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  14. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  15. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore I CD Block on Page 365. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore II CD Block on Page 379. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  17. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  18. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Barrackpore PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  20. ^ "Sewli Telenipara PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Anandapuri PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Barrackpore RS PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  23. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Barrackpore Town Population Census 2011 - 2023".
  25. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  26. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  27. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Barrackpore Bridge".
  30. ^ Google maps
  31. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 28 October 2021. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  32. ^ "Hospitals in Kolkata". Credihealth. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Barrackpore at Wikimedia Commons