Barrackpore II

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Barrackpore II
Community development block
Barrackpore II is located in West Bengal
Barrackpore II
Barrackpore II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°41′N 88°25′E / 22.69°N 88.42°E / 22.69; 88.42Coordinates: 22°41′N 88°25′E / 22.69°N 88.42°E / 22.69; 88.42
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Type Representative democracy
Area
 • Total 40.74 km2 (15.73 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 217,171
 • Density 5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 165,866 (84,53%)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code 033
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore, Dum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituency Noapara, Khardaha
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Barrackpore II (also spelled Barrackpur II) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Muragachha, a census town in Barrackpore II block, is located at 22°41′N 88°25′E / 22.69°N 88.42°E / 22.69; 88.42.

CD Blocks in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal

Barrackpore II CD Block is bounded by Barrackpore I CD Block in the north, Amdanga and Barasat I CD Blocks in the east and Chinsurah Mogra CD Block in Hooghly district, across the Hooghly River, in the west. The Barrackpore industrial belt with municipalities such as New Barrackpur, Panihati, Khardaha, Titagarh and Barrackpore is in the south and west.[1][2]

Barrackpore II CD Block is part of the North Hooghly Flat, one of the three physiographic regions in the district located in the lower Ganges Delta. It is a raised alluvium area along the Hooghly, which forms the western boundary of the district.[3]

Barrackpore II CD Block has an area of 40.74 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 104 gram sansads (village councils), 21 mouzas and 21 inhabited villages, as per the District Statistical Handbook: North 24 Parganas. Khardaha police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Karna Madhabpur.[5]

Gram panchayats of Barrackpore II block/ panchayat samiti are:Bandipur, Bilkanda–II, Patulia, Bilkanda–I, Mohanpur and Sewli.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Barrackpur II CD Block had a total population of 217,171, of which 51,874 were rural and 165,297 were urban. There were 111,282 (51%) males and 105,889 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,953. Scheduled Castes numbered 53,987 (24.86%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 4,906 (2.26%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Barrackpore II block has a total population of 158,778 out of which 82,573 were males and 76,205 were females.[8]

There are several census towns in Barrackpore II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Babanpur (P) (8,942), Jafarpur (19,062), Mohanpur (9,096), Telenipara (17,781), Chak Kanthalia (11,108), Ruiya (17,661), Patulia (16,979), Bandipur (8,115), Talbandha (17,802), Bilkanda (6,081), Muragachha (13,249), Teghari (8,491) and Chandpur (10,930).[7]

Large villages in Barrackpore II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Chhota Kanthalia (4,052), Surjyapur (5,714), Dopere (5,276), Dhangadihila (5,827) and Iswaripur (5,155).[7]

North 24 Parganas district is densely populated, mainly because of the influx of refugees from East Pakistan (later Bangladesh). With a density of population of 2,182 per km2 in 1971, it was 3rd in terms of density per km2 in West Bengal after Kolkata and Howrah, and 20th in India.[9] According to the District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas, “High density is also explained partly by the rapid growth of urbanization in the district. In 1991, the percentage of urban population in the district has been 51.23.”[10]

Decadal Population Growth Rate (%)

The decadal growth of population in Barrackpore II CD Block in 2001-2011 was 36.73%.[11] The decadal growth of population in Barrackpore II CD Block in 1991-2001 was -25.42%. Decadal growth of population during 1991-2001 was 31.82% in Khardah municipality, 26.25% in Panihati municipality and 17.84% in Kamarhati municipality.[12]

The decadal growth rate of population in North 24 Parganas district was as follows: 47.9% in 1951-61, 34.5% in 1961-71, 31.4% in 1971-81, 31.7% in 1981-91, 22.7% in 1991-2001 and 12.0% in 2001-11.[13] The decadal growth rate for West Bengal in 2001-11 was 13.93%.[14] The decadal growth rate for West Bengal was 17.84% in 1991-2001, 24.73% in 1981-1991 and 23.17% in 1971-1981.[15]

Only a small portion of the border with Bangladesh has been fenced and it is popularly referred to as a porous border. It is freely used by Bangladeshi infiltrators, terrorists, smugglers, criminals et al.[16][17][18][19]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Barrackpore II CD Block was 165,866 (84.53% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 88,801 (88.33% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 77,065 (80.54% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 7.79%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person’s mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 91.3% of the population of North Twenty Four Parganas district in 1961 to 87.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 5.0% in 1961 to 8.3% in 2001, Urdu has increased its share from 2.0% in 1961 to 2.5% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were Odiya (0.4%), Telugu (0.2%), Santhali (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%) and Sadan/ Sadri (0.1%).[20] Around 35% of the population in Barrackpore (Lok Sabha constituency) is Hindi-speaking.[21]

Religion in Barrackpur II CD Block
Hindu
77.70%
Muslim
21.46%
Others
0.84%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 168,756 and formed 77.70% of the population in Barrackpur II CD Block. Muslims numbered 46,594 and formed 21.46% of the population. Others numbered 1,821 and formed 0.84% of the population.[22]

In 1981 Hindus numbered 133,647 and formed 79.18% of the population and Muslims numbered 33,444 and formed 20.56% of the population in Barrackpur I CD Block. In 1981 Hindus numbered 113,755 and formed 76.76% of the population and Muslims numbered 34,003 and formed 22.94% of the population in Barrackpur II CD Block. In 1991 Hindus numbered 39,880 and formed 86.10% of the population and Muslims numbered 61,462 and formed 13.27% of the population in Barrackpur I and Barrackpur II CD Blocks taken together. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)[23]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[22] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[22]

See also - North 24 Parganas: minority concentrated district

Rural Poverty[edit]

16.78% of households in Barrackpore II CD Block lived below poverty line in 2001, against an average of 29.28% in North 24 Parganas district.[24]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

Livelihood
in Barrackpore II CD Block

  Cultivators (1.89%)
  Agricultural labourers (1.91%)
  Household industries (3.88%)
  Other Workers (92.32%)

In Barrackpore II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 1,444 and formed 1.89% of the total workers, agricultural labourers numbered 1,461 and formed 1.91%, household industry workers numbered 2,963 and formed 3.88% and other workers numbered 70,541 and formed 92.32%. Total workers numbered 76,409 and formed 35.18% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 140,762 and formed 64.82% of the population.[25]

In more than 30 percent of the villages in North 24 Parganas, agriculture or household industry is no longer the major source of livelihood for the main workers there. The CD Blocks in the district can be classified as belonging to three categories: border areas, Sundarbans area and other rural areas. The percentage of other workers in the other rural areas category is considerably higher than those in the border areas and Sundarbans area.[26]

Note: In the census records a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned by self/government/institution. When a person who works on another person’s land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[27]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 15 inhabited villages in Barrackpore II CD Block, as per the District . 100% villages have power supply and drinking water supply. 2 villages (13.33%) have post offices. 15 villages (100%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 15 villages (100%) have a pucca approach road and 7 villages (46.67%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 1 village (6.67% ) has a bank.[28]

Agriculture[edit]

The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. With a high urbanisation of 54.3% in 2001, the land use pattern in the district is changing quite fast and the area under cultivation is declining. However, agriculture is still the major source of livelihood in the rural areas of the district.[29]

From 1977 on wards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[30] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2010-11, persons engaged in agriculture in Barrackpore II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 22 (0.48%), patta (document) holders 632 (13.92%), small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 180 (3.97%), marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 2,170 (47.81%) and agricultural labourers 1,535 (33.82%).[31]

Barrackpore II CD Block had 10 fertiliser depots, 2 seed stores and 24 fair price shops in 2010-11.[31]

In 2010-11, Barrackpore II CD Block produced 322 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 122 hectares, 1,515 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 514 hectares, 513 tonnes of jute from 30 hectares, 287 tonnes of potatoes from 15 hectares and 81 tonnes of sugar cane from 1 hectare. It also produced oilseeds.[31]

In 2010-11, the total area irrigated in Barrackpore II CD Block was 209 hectares, of which 100 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation and 109 hecatres by deep tube well.[31]

Pisciculture[edit]

In 2010-11, the net area under effective pisciculture in Barrackpore II CD Block was 294.71 hectares. 5,785 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production was 8,841.3 quintals.[31]

Banking[edit]

In 2010-11, Barrackpore II CD Block had offices of 12 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[31]

Transport[edit]

In 2010-11, Barrackpore II CD Block had 2 originating/ terminating bus routes.[31]

The SH 1 (between Shaymbazar and Barrackpore it is also known as Barrackpore Trunk Road), the Sealdah-Ranaghat line and the Sealdah-Bangaon line pass through the adjoining urban area. SH 2 passes through the CD Block[32]

Education[edit]

In 2010-11, Barrackpore II CD Block had 24 primary schools with 3,091 students, 6 high schools with 3,025 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 10,520 students. Barrackpore II CD Block had 1 general college with 1,782 students and 280 institutions for special and non-formal education with 14,275 students.[31]

As per the 2011 census, in Barrackpore II CD Block, amongst the 15 inhabited villages, all villages had a school, 9 villages had more than 1 primary school, 5 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 4 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[33]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2011, Barrackpore II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres, with total 15 beds and 3 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 31 family welfare subcentres. 768 patients were treated indoor and 39,571 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[31]

External links[edit]

Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Hooghly District". Map. Hooghly district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2010-2011, Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of North Twenty Four Parganas with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". North Twentfour Parganas - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 April 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  9. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro P 6. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Page 259, Table 11.2.2. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook: North 24 Parganas, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Brief Analysis of Inset Tables based on Primary Census Abstract 2011 (Inset Tables 1-35), Table I: Decadal change in population of Tahsils (Sub-district) by Residence, 2001-2011, Page 52. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2010-2011; Table 2.4A: Distribution of Rural and Urban Population by Sex in the district of North 24 Parganas, 1991; Table 2.4B: Distribution of Rural and Urban Population by Sex in the district of North 24 Parganas, 2001. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook: North 24 Parganas, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 45. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of India 2011: Provisional Totals for West Bengal". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Page 40, Table 3.2.1. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  16. ^ "Why BSF wants 81.7 km of Indo-Bangla border fenced urgently". Rediff.com. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  17. ^ Mishra, Abhinandan. "Laskar helped fan Basirhat tension". Sunday Guardian, 8 July 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  18. ^ "Infiltrating porous Bangladesh-India border". Aljazeera. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  19. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltrators – the Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 50: Mother-tongue. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  21. ^ "Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee may buy peace with party on Barrackpore seat". The Times of India, 5 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  22. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  23. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Page 259, Table 11.2.2. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  25. ^ "District Census Handbook North 24 Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 93, Table 33: Distribution of Workers by Sex in Four Categories ofEconomic Activity in Sub-district 2011; Page 84, Table 30: Number and Percentage of Main Workers, Marginal Workers and Non-workers by sex in sub-districts, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Pages 27-28. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  27. ^ "District Census Handbook North 24 Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Census Concepts and Definitions, Page 31. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook, Nort 24 Parganas district, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 103-104, Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities,2011. Directorate of Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  29. ^ "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Pages 66, 195. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018. 
  30. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2010-2011, Tables 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3 (arranged in order of use). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  32. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpur II CD Block, Page 379, also showing the adjoining urban area. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 30 April 2018. 
  33. ^ "District Census Handbook, North Twentyfour Parganas, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 717, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 April 2018.