ব্যারাকপুর II সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|Community development block|
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||30.22 km2 (11.67 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,200/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|• Total literates||165,866 (84,53%)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barrackpore|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Noapara, Khardaha|
Barrackpore II (also spelled Barrackpur II) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Titagarh, Khardah and Ghola police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is at Karna Madhabpur. It is located 8 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.
Muragachha, a census town in Barrackpore II block, is located at.
Barrackpore II CD Block is bounded by Barrackpore I CD Block in the north, Amdanga and Barasat I CD Blocks in the east and Chinsurah-Mogra CD Block in Hooghly district, across the Hooghly River, in the west. The Barrackpore industrial belt with municipalities such as New Barrackpur, Panihati, Khardaha, Titagarh and Barrackpore is in the south and west.
Barrackpore II CD Block has an area of 30.22 km2.
North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans. Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.
As per 2011 Census of India Barrackpur II CD Block had a total population of 217,171, of which 51,874 were rural and 165,297 were urban. There were 111,282 (51%) males and 105,889 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,953. Scheduled Castes numbered 53,987 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 4,906.
As per 2001 census, Barrackpore II block has a total population of 158,778 out of which 82,573 were males and 76,205 were females. Barrackpore II block registered a population growth of -25.44 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Census towns and large villages
There are several census towns in Barrackpore II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Babanpur (P) (8,942), Jafarpur (19,062), Mohanpur (9,096), Teleni Para (17,781), Chak Kanthalia (11,108), Ruiya (17,661), Patulia (16,979), Bandipur (8,115), Talbandha (17,802), Bikanda (6,081), Muragachha (13,249), Teghari (8,491) and Chandpur (10,930).
Large villages in Barrackpore II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Chhota Kanthalia (4,052), Surjyapur (5,714), Dopere (5,276), Dhangadihila (5,827) and Iswaripur (5,155).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Barrackpur II CD Block was 165,866 (84.53% of the population over 6 years) out of which 88,801 (54%) were males and 77,065 (46%) were females.
As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks). Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
North 24 Parganas district
|Barasat Sadar subdivision|
|Amdanga – 80.69%|
|Deganga – 79.65%|
|Barasat I – 81.50%|
|Barasat II – 77.71%|
|Habra I – 83.15%|
|Habra II – 81.05%|
|Rajarhat – 83.13%|
|Baduria – 78.75%|
|Basirhat I – 72.10%|
|Basirhat II – 78.30%|
|Haroa – 73.13%|
|Hasnabad – 71.47%|
|Hingalganj – 76.85%|
|Minakhan – 71.33%|
|Sandeshkhali I – 71.08%|
|Sandeshkhali II – 70.96%|
|Swarupnagar – 77.57%|
|Bagdah – 75.30%|
|Bangaon – 79.71%|
|Gaighata – 82.32%|
|Barrackpore I – 85.91%|
|Barrackpore II – 84.53%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 168,756 and formed 77.70% of the population in Barrackpur II CD Block. Muslims numbered 46,594 and formed 21.46% of the population. Others numbered 1,821 and formed 0.84% of the population.
In 1981 Hindus numbered 133,647 and formed 79.18% of the population and Muslims numbered 33,444 and formed 20.56% of the population in Barrackpur I CD Block. In 1981 Hindus numbered 113,755 and formed 76.76% of the population and Muslims numbered 34,003 and formed 22.94% of the population in Barrackpur II CD Block. In 1991 Hindus numbered 39,880 and formed 86.10% of the population and Muslims numbered 61,462 and formed 13.27% of the population in Barrackpur I and Barrackpur II CD Blocks taken together. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)
In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.
Barrackpore II CD Block had a population density of 1,981 persons per km2. It was ranked 2 amongst the 22 CD Blocks (after Barasat I with a density of 2079 persons per km2) for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 79.84%, rank 1. Male literacy rate was 85.60% and female literacy rate was 73.51%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Barrackpore II CD Block was cultivators 7.72, agricultural labourers 4.36, household industry workers 3.07 and other workers 84.15 (non-agricultural, non-household). 30.12% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.
In the Barrackpore II CD Block 3 villages had secondary schools and for 71.53% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Barrackpore II had 9 high schools with 7,066 students and 184 teachers. It had 4 higher secondary schools with 4,542 students and 156 teachers.
In Barrackpore II CD Block, 100% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 76.19% villages had paved approach roads, 95.24% villages had primary schools, 28.57% villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Barrackpore II CD Block, 20 villages had tube wells for drinking water and 1 village used tank water. Barrackpore II CD Block had 68 km surfaced roads and 360 km unsurfaced roads.
North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Barrackpore II there were 127 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were paper bag making, tailoring, animal husbandry, goat rearing, jute ornaments and jute products and ready-made garments. Barrackpore II CD Block had 3 health centres and 31 sub-centres.
in CD Blocks of
North 24 Parganas district
|Barasat Sadar subdivision|
|Amdanga – 33.05%|
|Deganga – 14.29%|
|Barasat I – 18.46%|
|Barasat II – 23.12%|
|Habra I – 34.81%|
|Habra II – 31.75%|
|Rajarhat – 22.60%|
|Baduria – 40.74%|
|Basirhat I – 34.78%|
|Basirhat II – 17.61%|
|Haroa – 33.73%|
|Hasnabad – 28.69%|
|Hingalganj – 44.50%|
|Minakhan – 38.42%|
|Sandeshkhali I – 58.29%|
|Sandeshkhali II – 59.70%|
|Swarupnagar – 27.21%|
|Bagdah – 14.56%|
|Bangaon – 27.70%|
|Gaighata – 22.71%|
|Barrackpore I – 8.63%|
|Barrackpore II – 30.12%|
District Human Development Report:
North 24 Parganas, 2010, page 259
Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage
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- From Barrackpore subdivision page.
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