|Intercommunality||Pays de Lapalisse|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Pierre Raboutot|
|Area1||25.34 km2 (9.78 sq mi)|
|• Density||8.1/km2 (21/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||03017 /03120|
|Elevation||287–505 m (942–1,657 ft)
(avg. 470 m or 1,540 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barraisiens or Barraisiennes.
Barrais-Bussolles is located some 42.3 km (26.3 mi) south-east of Moulins and 28.4 km (17.6 mi) north-east of Vichy. Access to the commune is by the D424 road from Andelaroche in the south-east which passes through the village and continues north to join the D124 inside the commune. The D124 comes from Bert in the north and passes through the northern part of the commune continuing south-west to Lapalisse. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of La Tuilerie, Les Rois d'en Bas, Les Rois, Les Cinq Chênes, Les Goyards, Les Gailles, Les Desserts, La Bruyère, Le Casson, Montpertuis, Les Tixiers, Les Rigondets, Les Jayots de Bois, Les Allaisons, Mâme, and Les Rivières in the commune. The commune is mainly farmland with some forest in the south-east and north-east.
The Ris des Rois stream forms the north-western border of the commune as it flows north-west to join La Besbre near Trézelles. The Ruisseau de Conrieux forms most of the northern border of the commune as it flows east to join the Ris des Rois. The Ruisseau de l'Étang Cochon also rises in the north of the commune and flows north-east to join the Ris des Rois. On the western border the Ruisseau de Gerban forms the border as it flows south-west to join La Petit Tèche which continues to join La Besbre north of Lapalisse. The Ruisseau de Maupas forms the southern border of the commune as it flows east to join La Petit Tèche. The Ruisseau de Saint-Pourçain forms part of the eastern border as it flows north to join the Ruisseau des Gouttes Barres which in turn forms the north-eastern border as it flows north to join La Tèche near Bert.
The commune was formed in 1833 by the merger of the communes of Barrais and Bussolles.
Bendy sinister of 6 Sable and Or, the third and fifth bar charged with a cross moline the same in pale.
(Not all data is known)
The Municipal Council is composed of 11 members including the Mayor and 2 deputies.
In 2013 the commune had 205 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The Chapel de la Tour Pourçain (13th century) is registered as an historical monument. It is in the Gothic style with a bell tower over a facade that was added in the 19th century with a slate roof and surmounted by a wooden arrow.
André Louis Laveissière (called Kiki), born 8 August 1913 in Hautot-sur-Mer (Seine-Maritime) and died 24 November 1994 in Paris. He joined General de Gaulle in England, walking across France and later Spain. Member of the Free French Air Force, former No. 341 Squadron RAF. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, Croix de Guerre with palm 1939-1945, Resistance Medal, Escapees' Medal, Volunteer combatant's cross, and Aeronautical Medal. He lived in the commune during part of his youth. He then lived in Boulogne-Billancourt. He is, however, buried in the cemetery of Barrais-Bussolles.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Barrais-Bussolles on Lion1906
- Inhabitants of Allier (French)
- "Orthodromie entre Barrais-Bussolles et Moulins" [Orthodromy between Barrais-Bussolles and Moulins]. Lion 1906 (in French). Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Orthodromie entre Barrais-Bussolles et Vichy" [Orthodromy between Barrais-Bussolles and Vichy]. Lion 1906 (in French). Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Barrais-Bussolles on Google Maps
- Barrais-Bussolles on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Barrois and Bufsolles on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Barrois and Bussoles on the 1790 Cassini Map
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- List of Mayors of Allier, consulted on 9 June 2014 (French)
- art L. 2121-2 of the General Code of Collective Territories (French).
- "2013 legal populations: Barrais-Bussolles". INSEE (in French). Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00092983 Chapel de la Tour Pourçain (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barrais-Bussolles.|