Barrais-Bussolles

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Barrais-Bussolles
Coat of arms of Barrais-Bussolles
Coat of arms
Barrais-Bussolles is located in France
Barrais-Bussolles
Barrais-Bussolles
Coordinates: 46°17′31″N 3°42′59″E / 46.2919°N 3.7164°E / 46.2919; 3.7164Coordinates: 46°17′31″N 3°42′59″E / 46.2919°N 3.7164°E / 46.2919; 3.7164
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Allier
Arrondissement Vichy
Canton Lapalisse
Intercommunality Pays de Lapalisse
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Pierre Raboutot
Area1 25.34 km2 (9.78 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 205
 • Density 8.1/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 03017 /03120
Elevation 287–505 m (942–1,657 ft)
(avg. 470 m or 1,540 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Barrais-Bussolles is a French commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barraisiens or Barraisiennes.[2]

Geography[edit]

Barrais-Bussolles is located some 42.3 km (26.3 mi) south-east of Moulins[3] and 28.4 km (17.6 mi) north-east of Vichy.[4] Access to the commune is by the D424 road from Andelaroche in the south-east which passes through the village and continues north to join the D124 inside the commune. The D124 comes from Bert in the north and passes through the northern part of the commune continuing south-west to Lapalisse. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of La Tuilerie, Les Rois d'en Bas, Les Rois, Les Cinq Chênes, Les Goyards, Les Gailles, Les Desserts, La Bruyère, Le Casson, Montpertuis, Les Tixiers, Les Rigondets, Les Jayots de Bois, Les Allaisons, Mâme, and Les Rivières in the commune. The commune is mainly farmland with some forest in the south-east and north-east.[5][6]

The Ris des Rois stream forms the north-western border of the commune as it flows north-west to join La Besbre near Trézelles. The Ruisseau de Conrieux forms most of the northern border of the commune as it flows east to join the Ris des Rois. The Ruisseau de l'Étang Cochon also rises in the north of the commune and flows north-east to join the Ris des Rois. On the western border the Ruisseau de Gerban forms the border as it flows south-west to join La Petit Tèche which continues to join La Besbre north of Lapalisse. The Ruisseau de Maupas forms the southern border of the commune as it flows east to join La Petit Tèche. The Ruisseau de Saint-Pourçain forms part of the eastern border as it flows north to join the Ruisseau des Gouttes Barres which in turn forms the north-eastern border as it flows north to join La Tèche near Bert.[5][6]

History[edit]

Barrais appears as Barrois on the 1750 Cassini Map[7] and the same on the 1790 version.[8]

Bussolles appears as Bufsolles on the 1750 Cassini Map[7] and as Bussoles on the 1790 version.[8]

The commune was formed in 1833 by the merger of the communes of Barrais and Bussolles.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Barrais-Bussolles
Blazon:

Bendy sinister of 6 Sable and Or, the third and fifth bar charged with a cross moline the same in pale.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[9]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Aimé Delorme
2014 2020[10] Pierre Raboutot

(Not all data is known)

The Municipal Council is composed of 11 members including the Mayor and 2 deputies.[11]

Demography[edit]

In 2013 the commune had 205 inhabitants.[12] The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
471 357 416 434 478 705 761 812 753
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
735 729 754 711 743 787 782 795 778
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
733 708 691 603 570 565 518 448 401
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 2013
374 370 282 241 215 222 210 213 205

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Barrais-Bussolles

Culture and heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Chapel de la Tour Pourçain (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[13] It is in the Gothic style with a bell tower over a facade that was added in the 19th century with a slate roof and surmounted by a wooden arrow.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

André Louis Laveissière (called Kiki), born 8 August 1913 in Hautot-sur-Mer (Seine-Maritime) and died 24 November 1994 in Paris. He joined General de Gaulle in England, walking across France and later Spain. Member of the Free French Air Force, former No. 341 Squadron RAF. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, Croix de Guerre with palm 1939-1945, Resistance Medal, Escapees' Medal, Volunteer combatant's cross, and Aeronautical Medal. He lived in the commune during part of his youth. He then lived in Boulogne-Billancourt. He is, however, buried in the cemetery of Barrais-Bussolles.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]