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Native to Portugal
Region Barrancos
Native speakers
(undated figure of 1,500)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
Glottolog None

Barranquenho (Barranquenhu; English: Barranquian[2]), is a Romance linguistic variety spoken in the Portuguese town of Barrancos, near the Spanish border. It can be considered a variety of Portuguese (Alentejan Portuguese) heavily influenced by the dialects of neighbouring areas in Spain in Extremadura and Andalusia (especially those from Encinasola and Rosal de la Frontera),[3] or a Spanish dialect (Extremaduran / Andalusian) heavily influenced by Portuguese.

Barranquian is intelligible to speakers of either Standard Portuguese or Standard Spanish. Barranquian speakers say that they speak neither Spanish nor Portuguese but a third language. Ethnologue lists Barranquian as a dialect of Extremaduran, perhaps because Barrancos was populated by settlers from Badajoz, in Extremaduran territory.[4]

The development of Barranquenho seems to be relatively recent (in the past 200 years) unlike other minority linguistic varieties in the Iberian Peninsula, which have medieval roots.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Extremaduran (Portugal) at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ Ethnologue report for Portugal
  3. ^ José Leite de Vasconcelos, Filologia Barranquenha - apontamentos para o seu estudo, 1940.
  4. ^ José Ignacio Hualde, Antxon Olarrea, Erin O'Rourke (2012) The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics, p. 60