Barraute-Camu

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Barraute-Camu
Location of Barraute-Camu
Barraute-Camu is located in France
Barraute-Camu
Barraute-Camu
Barraute-Camu is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Barraute-Camu
Barraute-Camu
Coordinates: 43°23′19″N 0°53′42″W / 43.3886°N 0.895°W / 43.3886; -0.895Coordinates: 43°23′19″N 0°53′42″W / 43.3886°N 0.895°W / 43.3886; -0.895
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementOloron-Sainte-Marie
CantonOrthez et Terres des Gaves et du Sel
IntercommunalitySauveterre-de-Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (1995–2020) Jean Cazenave
Area
1
3.94 km2 (1.52 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
174
 • Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64096 /64390
Elevation53–145 m (174–476 ft)
(avg. 81 m or 266 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Barraute-Camu is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.[2]

Geography[edit]

Barraute-Camu is located 2 km east by south-east of Sauveterre-de-Béarn and 4 km west by north-west of Montfort. Access to the commune is by the D936 highway from Abitain in the west which passes through the heart of the commune just south of the village and continues east to Araujuzon. The commune is almost all farmland except for some forest along the river and along the southern border.[3][4]

The Gave d'Oloron forms the northern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Gave de Pau at Peyrehorade to become the Gaves Réunis. The Ruisseau de Lapeyrère rises in the commune and flows north to join the Gave d'Oloron.[3][4]

Places and Hamlets[4][edit]

  • La Cabé
  • Camu
  • Campagne de Camu
  • Capulet
  • Crescent
  • Houch
  • Lageyre
  • Lahitau
  • Lasbignasses
  • Peyret
  • Théas

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in Occitan Gascon is Berrauta-Camun.

Michel Grosclaude said that the name comes from the basque berro: Broussailles and the collective suffix '-eta meaning "where there are no bushes" He also stated that Camu most likely comes from the Gascon kamy, the variant kamu meaning "fertile ground next to the river".[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Barraute Berraute 1150 Grosclaude Sord Village
Berraute 1385 Raymond
21
Census
Sent Sapriaa de Berraute 1413 Raymond
21
Notaries
Berauta 1548 Raymond
21
Reformation
Beraute 1687 Raymond
21
Reformation
Barraute 1750 Cassini Cassini 1750
Baraulte 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Barrante 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Camu Camoo 1385 Raymond
40
Census Village
Camuu 1385 Raymond
40
Census
Camur en Bearn 1477 Raymond
40
Ohix
Les Ahitaux Les Ahitaux 1863 Raymond
3
Hamlet

Sources:

Origins:

  • Sorde: Cartulary of Sorde[8]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[9]
  • Notaries: Notaries of Navarrenx[10]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[11]
  • Ohix: Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule[12]

History[edit]

Barraute appears as Barraute on the 1750 Cassini Map[7] and the same on the 1790 version.[13]

Camu appears as Camu on the 1750 Cassini Map[7] and does not appear on the 1790 version.[13]

Paul Raymond noted on page 21 and 40 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Barraute had 24 fires and Camu 11. Barraute was part of the bailiwick of Navarrenx and Camu in that of Sauveterre.[6]

The communes of Barraute and Camu were merged on 14 June 1841.[6]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Jean Cazenave

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the inter-communal centre for social action of Community of communes of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the community of communes of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for management of drinking water from the Saleys and the gaves;
  • the inter-communal association of gaves and Saleys

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 158 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
194 190 305 216 216 249 418 404 403
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
371 359 337 335 335 322 308 329 289
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
304 318 294 258 256 271 246 245 222
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
213 210 187 186 160 164 155 158 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Barraute-Camu

Economy[edit]

The main activity is agricultural. The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Ossau-iraty

Culture and heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Cyprien and Saint Justine (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[15] It was restored in the 19th century.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Barraute-Camu on Lion1906
  3. ^ a b c Barraute-Camu on Google Maps
  4. ^ a b c Barraute-Camu on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3(in French)
  6. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  7. ^ a b c Barraute and Camu on the 1750 Cassini Map
  8. ^ Cartulary of the Abbey Saint John of Sorde, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (in French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  13. ^ a b Barraute on the 1790 Cassini Map
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000667 Church of Saint Cyprien and Saint Justine (in French)