Barre des Écrins
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|Barre des Écrins|
The Barre des Écrins
|Elevation||4,102 m (13,458 ft)|
|Prominence||2,045 m (6,709 ft)|
|First ascent||25 June 1864 by A. W. Moore, Horace Walker and Edward Whymper with guides Michel Croz, Christian Almer Senior and Christian Almer Junior.|
|Easiest route||snow/rock climb|
The Barre des Écrins (4,102 m) is a mountain in the French Alps. It is the highest peak of the Massif des Écrins and the Dauphiné Alps, is the most southerly alpine peak in Europe that is higher than 4,000 m, and is the only 4,000 m mountain in France that lies outside the Mont Blanc Massif.
The Barre des Écrins overlooks the divide between the valleys of the rivers Durance and Isère. This divide passes 250 metres west of the summit, along the ridge that leads to the summit of the sub peak Dôme des Écrins (4,015 m). The south face of the Barre is rocky, while its north face is glaciated, and is the source of the Glacier Blanc.
The mountain was first climbed on 25 June 1864 by A. W. Moore, Horace Walker and Edward Whymper with guides Michel Croz, Christian Almer Sr and Christian Almer Jr. It is traditionally scaled from the Pré de Madame Carle in the valley of Ailefroide. The normal route climbs the entire length of the Glacier Blanc. This is a much-used route, because it is the usual way to the Dôme des Écrins, one of the most easily climbed 4,000 m alpine peaks. It starts from the Refuge des Écrins and climbs the north face almost up to the Lory saddle (3,974 m), where the routes to the Dôme and the Barre divide. The ascent of the Barre continues by a rocky arête all the way to the summit. Other more challenging routes to the summit exist, such as the South Face rated AD (Fairly Difficult). The quality of the rock on the mountain ranges from poor to average and especially on the South Face of the mountain the risk of rockfall is significant.
- "Europe Ultra-Prominences". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- The Barre des Écrins on SummitPost
- Climbing the Barre des Écrins in pictures
- Barre des Écrins at 4000er.de (in German)
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