Barred cuckoo-dove

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Barred cuckoo-dove
Barred Cuckoo-dove Neora Valley National Park Darjeeling West Bengal India 30.04.2016.jpg
From Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal, India
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Macropygia
Species: M. unchall
Binomial name
Macropygia unchall
(Wagler, 1827)

The barred cuckoo-dove (Macropygia unchall) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam.[1] It is rated as a species of least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Endangered Species.

Taxonomy[edit]

German herpetologist Johann Georg Wagler first described the barred cuckoo-dove in 1827. It has three recognized subspecies:[2]

  • M. u. tusalia (Blyth, 1843)
  • M. u. minor (Swinhoe, 1870)
  • M. u. unchall (Wagler, 1827)

Description[edit]

Barred cuckoo-dove
Artist's illustration[3]

The barred cuckoo-dove measures 37 to 41 cm (15 to 16 in) in length, and weighs 153 to 182 g (5.4 to 6.4 oz). It has a buff coloured throat and forehead which becomes pinkish grey at the crown.[2] The irides are yellow or pale brown, the beak is black and short, and the feet are red.[4][5] It has blackish brown upperparts. The back, mantle (between the nape and the starting of the back), rump, wing coverts, and scapulars have reddish brown fringes. The tail is blackish brown, and is heavily barred reddish brown.[4][6]

It has a loud kro-uum or u-va vocalization, in which the second note is louder than the first.[5] It is similar to the little cuckoo-dove, but it is much larger and darker, and is black-barred on the mantle, breast, coverts, and tail.[7]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The barred cuckoo-dove is found from the Himalayan ranges to Southeast Asia.[5] It inhabits dense subtropical woodlands at altitudes of 800 to 3,000 m (2,600 to 9,800 ft) from sea level, on montane slopes.[4][5] It prefers clearings and edges of old-growth forests and second growth forests.[8][6]

Behavior[edit]

The barred cuckoo-dove lives in small flocks.[4] It feeds on berries, seeds, buds, grains, shoots, acorns, and small drupes. [2]

Status and conservation[edit]

Since 1998, the barred cuckoo-dove has been rated as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. This is because it has a large range—more than 20,000 km2 (7,700 mi2) and because it has a stable population trend. Also, although its population numbers have not been determined, they are thought to be above 10,000, which is above the criterion to warrant a vulnerable rating.[1]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Macropygia unchall". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Baptista et al.
  3. ^ H. Gronvold and E C Stuart Baker – Indian pigeons and doves (1913)
  4. ^ a b c d Brazil & Nurney 2009, p. 248.
  5. ^ a b c d MacKinnon, Phillipps & He 2000, p. 133.
  6. ^ a b Grewal et al., p. 224.
  7. ^ Gibbs 2010, p. 274.
  8. ^ Gibbs 2010, p. 264.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]