|36th Premier of New South Wales|
4 July 1986 – 25 March 1988
|Governor||Sir James Rowland|
|Preceded by||Neville Wran|
|Succeeded by||Nick Greiner|
|Member of the New South Wales Parliament|
2 August 1986 – 3 May 1991
|Preceded by||Brian Bannon|
|Succeeded by||George Thompson|
|Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales|
6 November 1978 – 15 July 1986
|Born||16 April 1934|
Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia
|Political party||Labor Party|
|Profession||Trade union official|
Barrie John Unsworth (born 16 April 1934) is an Australian former politician, representing the Labor Party in the Parliament of New South Wales from 1978 to 1991. He served as the 36th Premier from July 1986 to March 1988.
Unsworth, the son of Joseph and Olive Unsworth, was born in Dubbo, New South Wales, and educated in Sydney, at Kogarah High School. On leaving school at age 15, he was apprenticed as an electrical fitter. In 1955, aged 21 years, he married Pauline Hennessy and they subsequently had one daughter and three sons, one of whom has died; he and his wife have nine grandchildren, and two great grandsons. Unsworth was initially an Apprentice Electrical Fitter, then Electrical Fitter, Electrical Testing Officer and subsequently Sales Representative for Sydney County Council from 1950 until 1960.
In 1961, Unsworth became an organiser of the Electrical Trades Union, and continued to build his career in the labour movement. He was awarded a Churchill Fellowship in 1966 to attend Harvard University Trade Union Program. The following year he was elected to the Labor Council of NSW and was its elected Secretary from 1979 to 1984. Unsworth was an Australian delegate to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh Study Conference, Oxford University in 1974.
During his career as an elected union official, he was appointed by the Wran Labor NSW Government to a range of positions on government bodies including:
- Public Transport Commission of New South Wales, Commissioner (1972–1975)
- Pipeline Authority, Member (1973–1978)
While working in the union movement Unsworth worked for the United States of America in what a historian has called "a discreet relationship".
Unsworth was elected a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council in 1978. While serving in the Legislative Council, Unsworth represented Australia as a delegate at the International Labour Organization (ILO) Worker Participation in Management Conferences held in Geneva (1980) and The Hague (1981).
After the surprise retirement of Premier Neville Wran in May 1986, he became leader of the NSW Labor Party and thus Premier, and was also Minister for Ethnic Affairs and Minister for State Development. As Premiers are required by convention to be members of the Legislative Assembly, Brian Bannon, the member for the normally safe Labor seat of Rockdale, resigned to accept a government job as Chairman of the Homebush States Sport Centre Trust, and Unsworth contested the resulting by-election held on 2 August 1986. He only narrowly won the seat, with a 17.1% dive in the primary vote and hostile independent preferences giving him a margin of just 54 votes. A by-election for Wran's equally safe seat of Bass Hill was even worse, with a 22.2 per cent drop on the primary vote delivering a 103-vote victory to the Liberal candidate.
Life after politics
Immediately following politics, Unsworth had little political involvement with his only public commitment being as Deputy Chairman and then Chairman of the Australian Executive Committee for His Royal Highness Duke of Edinburgh Study Conference (1982–1998). Unsworth was General Manager of 2KY Broadcasters Pty Ltd Racing Radio 1992–2000. In 2001, he was a recipient of the Centenary Medal.
Following the election of the Carr Labor Government in 1995, Unsworth was placed on a number of key government and community bodies, including:
- Australia Day Council of New South Wales, Chairman (1995–2003)
- Totalizator Agency Board, Director (1997–2004)
- Delta Electricity, Director (1997–2006)
- New South Wales Centenary of Federation Committee, Chairman (1997–2002)
- Tempo Services, Director (1999–2005)
- Ambulance Service of New South Wales, Chairman (2001–2008)
- RailCorp, Director (2005–2008)
- State Transit Authority, Chairman (November 2004 to November 2009)
- WorkCover Authority of New South Wales, Chairman (1995–1997)
- Constitution Education Fund Australia, Trustee
During 2003 - 2008, Unsworth was a Director of Father Chris Riley's charity, Youth off the Streets, that provides crisis care, refuges, schools, drug programs and alcohol programs to young people in Australia and throughout Asia. Unsworth has also been a Director of Entherm Pty Ltd (2003–2005), Member of Overseas Trade Authority of New South Wales (1978) and a Director of Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles (2004–2006).
In 2003 and 2004, Unsworth was commissioned by the NSW Government to conduct a formal review of public bus services. In 2008 he headed a committee that considered the privatisation of the New South Wales' electricity industry. The committee and Unsworth supported the sale.
Unsworth lives in the Northern Beaches where he has participated in community campaigns to stop overdevelopment in NSW. He also led the effort to purchase and preserve the former home of Gough Whitlam as a historic site which would be open to the public.
- "The Hon. Barrie John Unsworth (1934–)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- "The Hon. Barrie John Unsworth (1934–)". NSW Parliamentary Papers. State Library of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Coventry, C. J., "The Eloquence of Robert J Hawke: United States informer, 1973-79," Australian Journal of Politics and History, 67:1 (2021), 69.
- "Chronological List of Ministries (1856 to 2009)". Former Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Green, Antony. "1986 Rockdale By-election". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "By-election bloodbaths". Crikey. 27 November 2005. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- "Centenary Medal". It's an Honour. Australian Government. 1 January 2001. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Ministerial Review of Bus Services in NSW (Unsworth Review)". NSW Government, Ministry of Transport. 15 July 2004. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
- "Unsworth to head electricity committee". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 January 2008.
- "NSW electricity privatisation bid rejected". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 3 May 2008.
- "Former NSW Premier Barrie Unsworth sells Mona Vale townhouse - realestate.com.au". www.realestate.com.au. Retrieved 30 April 2023.
- "Group led by former NSW Premier buys Sydney home of Gough Whitlam after bidding war". ABC News. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2023.