Barringtonia acutangula

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Barringtonia
Lộc vừng.jpg
A Barringtonia acutangula tree on the Hoan Kiem Lake
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Lecythidaceae
Genus: Barringtonia
Species: B. acutangula
Binomial name
Barringtonia acutangula
(L.) Gaertn.
Synonyms
  • Barringtonia rubra Baill. ex Laness. [Illegitimate]
  • Butonica acutangula (L.) Lam.
  • Caryophyllus acutangulus (L.) Stokes
  • Eugenia acutangula L.
  • Huttum acutangulum (L.) Britten
  • Michelia acutangula (L.) Kuntze
  • Stravadium acutangulum (L.) Sweet
  • Stravadium acutangulum (L.) Miers [1]

Barringtonia, (Barringtonia acutangula), is a species of Barringtonia native to coastal wetlands in southern Asia and northern Australasia, from Afghanistan east to the Philippines and Queensland.[2]

Vernacular Names[3][edit]

  • English - Barringtonia, Freshwater Mangrove, Indian Oak, Indian Putat
  • Assamese - Hendol, Hinyol, Pani amra
  • Bengali - Hijal
  • Hindi - Hijagal, Hijjal, समुन्द्र फल, Samundarphal
  • Kannada - Mavinkubia, Niruganigily, Dhatripala
  • Malayalam - Attampu, Attupelu, Nir perzha
  • Marathi - Tiwar, Newar, Sathaphala, Samudraphala
  • Oriya - Nijhira
  • Sanskrit - Abdhiphala, Ambudhiphala, अम्बुज Ambuja
  • Sinhala - Ela Midella එළ මිදෙල්ල [4]
  • Tamil - Aram, Kadambu, Kadappai, ஸமுத்திரப்பழம samudra pazham
  • Telugu - Kurpa
  • Urdu - Samandarphal

Medicinal uses[edit]

Antitumor (seed extract)[5]

Antibiotic[6]

Inhibit growth of Helicobacter pylori[7]

Antinociceptive activity[8]

Antifungal,[9][10]

Chemistry[edit]

Its bark contains potent opioid painkillers [1]

Also 3,3'-dimethoxy ellagic acid, dihydromyticetin, gallic acid, bartogenic acid and stigmasterol,[11] triterpenoids, olean-18-en-3beta-O-E-coumaroyl ester and olean-18-en-3beta-O-Z-coumaroyl ester[12] 12, 20(29)-lupadien-3-o[13]

Oleanane-type isomeric triterpenoids:- racemosol A (1) [22alpha-acetoxy-3beta,15alpha,16alpha,21beta-tetrahydroxy-28-(2-methylbutyryl)olean-12-ene] and isoracemosol A (2) [21beta-acetoxy-3beta,15alpha,16alpha,28-tetrahydroxy-22alpha-(2-methylbutyryl)olean-12-ene].[14]

Saponins,:[15][16] barringtoside A, 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1-->3)-[beta-D-galactopyranosyl(1-->2)]-beta-D- glucuronopyranosyl barringtogenol C; barringtoside B, 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl(1-->3)-]beta-D-galactopyranosyl(1-->2)]-beta-D- glucuronopyranosyl-21-O-tigloyl-28-O-isobutyryl barringtogenol C; barringtoside C, 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl(1-->3)-[beta-D-galactopyranosyl(1-->2 )]-beta-D - glucuronopyranosyl barringtogenol C.

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-313389
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Barringtonia acutangula
  3. ^ http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Barringtonia.html
  4. ^ http://herbalplantslanka.blogspot.com/2014/04/ela-midellabarringtonia-acutangula.html
  5. ^ Identification and quantification of the active component quercetin 3-O-rutinoside from Barringtonia racemosa, targets mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Samanta SK. Bhattacharya K. Mandal C. Pal BC. Journal of Asian Natural Products Research. 12(8):639-48, 2010 Aug.
  6. ^ Antimicrobial activities of Barringtonia acutangula. Rahman MM. Polfreman D. MacGeachan J. Gray AI. Phytotherapy Research. 19(6):543-5, 2005 Jun.
  7. ^ Extracts of spice and food plants from Thai traditional medicine inhibit the growth of the human carcinogen Helicobacter pylori. Bhamarapravati S. Pendland SL. Mahady GB. In Vivo. 17(6):541-4, 2003 Nov-Dec.
  8. ^ Antinociceptive effect and toxicological study of the aqueous bark extract of Barringtonia racemosa on rats. Deraniyagala SA. Ratnasooriya WD. Goonasekara CL. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 86(1):21-6, 2003 May.
  9. ^ Antibacterial and antifungal screening on various leaf extracts of Barringtonia acutangula Vijaya Bharathi R., Jerad Suresh A., Thirumal M., Sriram L., Geetha Lakshmi S., Kumudhaveni B. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences 2010 1:4 (407-410)
  10. ^ Antifungal activity of Barringtonia acutangula against selected human pathogenic fungi Sahoo S., Panda P.K., Behera P.S., Mishra S.R., Ellaiah P. Indian Drugs 2008 45:1 (26-30)
  11. ^ Chemical constituents of mangrove plant Barringtonia racemosa]. [Chinese] Sun HY. Long LJ. Wu J. Zhong Yao Cai. 29(7):671-2, 2006 Jul.
  12. ^ Two new 18-en-oleane derivatives from marine mangrove plant, Barringtonia racemosa. Yang Y. Deng Z. Proksch P. Lin W. Pharmazie. 61(4):365-6, 2006 Apr.
  13. ^ Antimicrobial activities of Barringtonia acutangula. Rahman MM. Polfreman D. MacGeachan J. Gray AI. Phytotherapy Research. 19(6):543-5, 2005 Jun
  14. ^ Oleanane-type isomeric triterpenoids from Barringtonia racemosa. Gowri PM. Radhakrishnan SV. Basha SJ. Sarma AV. Rao JM. Journal of Natural Products. 72(4):791-5, 2009 Apr.
  15. ^ Saponins from Barringtonia acutangula. Pal BC. Chaudhuri T. Yoshikawa K. Arihara S. Phytochemistry. 35(5):1315-8, 1994 Mar 30
  16. ^ Acutangulosides A-F, monodesmosidic saponins from the bark of Barringtonia acutangula Mills C., Carroll A.R., Quinn R.J. Journal of Natural Products 2005 68:3 (311-318)