Barrio Fino

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Barrio Fino
Barrio Fino.jpg
Studio album by Daddy Yankee
Released July 13, 2004
Recorded 2003–04
Studio El Cartel Studios
(San Juan, Puerto Rico)
Mas Flow Studios
(Carolina, Puerto Rico)
Genre
Length 1:06:24
Language
Label
Producer
Daddy Yankee chronology
Los Homerun-es
(2003)Los Homerun-es2003
Barrio Fino
(2004)
Ahora le Toca al Cangri! Live
(2005)Ahora le Toca al Cangri! Live2005
Singles from Barrio Fino
  1. "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó"
    Released: 2004
  2. "Gasolina"
    Released: 2004
  3. "No Me Dejes Solo"
    Released: 2005
  4. "Like You"
    Released: 2005
  5. "Tu Príncipe"
    Released: 2006

Barrio Fino (Spanish pronunciation: [barjo 'fino]; English: Fine Hood) is the third studio album by Puerto Rican rapper Daddy Yankee, released on July 13, 2004, in the United States by V.I. Music and El Cartel Records and internationally by Machete Music and Polydor Records.[1][2] Released two years after his previous studio album, El Cangri.com (2002), the album was recorded in Puerto Rico between 2003 and 2004. It explores themes ranging from dance, sex, romance, introspection, social issues, protest and violence against women. Barrio Fino was instrumental in popularizing reggaeton in the mainstream market,[3] enhancing Daddy Yankee's career, as well as cementing his status as one of the most successful Latin artists of the 2000s.

Daddy Yankee wrote or co-wrote all the tracks, and is credited as executive producer. Five of the twenty-one songs were released as singles. The first single, "Gasolina", charted within the top 10 in Denmark, Italy, Norway, Ireland, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Germany, Brazil and Austria, while "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" peaked at number two on the US Hot Latin Songs chart. Barrio Fino reached number one on the US Tropical Albums, Latin Rhythm Albums, and the Top Latin Albums charts. It became the first reggaeton recording to debut and peak atop the latter chart. It ranked within the top 30 on the United States, Portugal, Switzerland and Spain.

The album was Daddy Yankee's first international commercial success, and garnered a Latin Grammy Award for Best Urban Music Album, while "Gasolina" became the first reggaeton song to receive a nomination for a Latin Grammy Award for Record of the Year. Barrio Fino produced two Billboard Hot 100 entries, but despite the album's success, none of its four Billboard Hot Latin Songs entries peaked at number one. Barrio Fino was ranked number forty-four in the Top 50 Records of 2005 list by Rolling Stone and was included in Billboard's 50 Greatest Latin Albums of the Past 50 Years in 2015. The album received a platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of America, denoting shipments of over one million copies in the United States, where it became the top-selling Latin album of 2005 and the 2000s decade.[4][5]

Background[edit]

Daddy Yankee in 2006.

In 1991, Daddy Yankee (born Ramón Luis Ayala Rodríguez) began his musical career on a collaborative project with American disc jockey and producer DJ Playero.[6][7] Daddy Yankee was later featured on Playero's 37 and 38 studio albums, before releasing his first solo record titled No Mercy in 1995.[8] At the age of 17, while taking a break from a recording session, Ayala was shot in the leg after being caught inadvertently in the middle of a shootout, ending his aspirations of becoming a professional baseball player.[9] Following his injuries, Daddy Yankee continued working on underground reggaeton records, and released his first album as a producer, El Cartel de Yankee (1997).[8][9] After the release of his 2001 independent album El Cartel II: Los Cangris, Daddy Yankee released his second studio album El Cangri.com (2002), which is cited as the record that made him well-known outside his natal Puerto Rico.[8][9] Prior to Barrio Fino, Daddy Yankee released a compilation album titled Los Homerun-es, which became his first record to chart within the top ten on Billboard's Top Latin Albums, reaching number seven.[10] Later that year, he was featured on Dominican duo Luny Tunes' debut studio album, Mas Flow, on the track "Cógela Que Van Sin Jockey",[11] whose outro included Daddy Yankee promoting Barrio Fino.[12]

Composition[edit]

Puerto Rican duo Wisin & Yandel provided vocals for the track "No Me Dejes Solo". Daddy Yankee credits their collaboration on Barrio Fino as the boost they needed to advance their career.

The album's lyrics explore themes ranging from dance, sex, romance, introspection, social issues, protest and violence against women, which are recurring themes in the rapper's repertoire. The intro, performed by ex-convict poet Gavilán, is a poetic piece focusing on the humble side of Puerto Rico's poor neighborhoods or barrios.[13] On the next track, "King Daddy", the rapper describes his career and predicts how Barrio Fino will revolutionize reggaeton music and validate his stage name.[13] "Dale Caliente" is a reggaeton dance song inspired by dancehall and Jamaican music, featuring backing vocals by Puerto Rican singer Glory and Jamaican artist Blacka-Nice.[13] "No Me Dejes Solo" features lead vocals by Puerto Rican duo Wisin & Yandel and backing vocals by Glory. Its sexually suggestive lyrics are about the fears of losing a girlfriend.[13][14]

"Gasolina", the album's lead single, was inspired by a Puerto Rican phrase about having a good time partying.[15] Before the release of Barrio Fino, Daddy Yankee shared an apartment with his wife and three children in the Villa Kennedy housing project, where he occasionally heard people in the streets shouting "¡Cómo le gusta la gasolina!" ("How she likes gasoline!") at women who accepted rides from men with fancy cars.[15] The hook "a mí me gusta la gasolina, dame más gasolina" ("I like gasoline, give me more gasoline") was born after he chanted rhythmically what he was hearing outside. He contacted his colleague and friend Eddie Dee to work with him on the song's lyrics.[15]

"Like You" is Daddy Yankee's first Spanglish song.[13] Musically, it is a fusion of reggaeton and rhythm and blues, featuring backing vocals by May-Be and Raymond Acosta and additional songwriting by Eddie Dee.[13] Daddy Yankee decided to write a song with English-language lyrics, so he "could be understood by people who liked reggaeton but did not speak Spanish".[13] "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó", the album's second single, fuses reggaeton and merengue music, giving it "a Caribbean tropical sound".[13] "Tu Príncipe" is a romantic track that features Puerto Rican duo Zion & Lennox, with lyrics describing the dilemmas of falling in love with a best friend and the fears following a revelation of one's feelings.[13] "Santifica tus Escapularios" is a rap recording that allowed Daddy Yankee to "vent against all spiritual evil".[13] "Sabor a Melao" fuses reggaeton and salsa music, featuring Puerto Rican singer-songwriter Andy Montañez, and uses a chorus from his Batacumbele orchestra.[13] "El Muro" and "El Empuje" are "classic hardcore reggaeton" tracks that were recorded in order to balance the variety of the recording's offerings.[13] The reggaeton and R&B-blended track, "¿Qué Vas a Hacer?", features vocals from May-Be and focuses on violence against women.[13] "Salud y Vida" is a hip hop track with Mexican banda influences with lyrics that suggest that people value materialistic objects more than their own well-being.[13] Latin music journalist Ramiro Burr wrote that on this track Daddy Yankee reflected on his neighborhood questioning "society's endless pursuit of material things".[16] The song features backing vocals by American artist Norman "Notch" Howell.[17]

The interlude, performed by Gavilán, is another poem about the roughness of the barrio, serving as a prelude to the next track.[13] "Corazones" is a social rap that focuses on how every person, represented by hearts, "is different and feels different things".[13] Daddy Yankee wrote the lyrics because he believes that the mass media focuses more on reporting negative news, entailing him to take notice about the needs of poor neighborhoods.[13][18] [clarification needed] It mentions politics, crime, hope and Christian spirituality.[13] "Golpe de Estado" is a personal song featuring novice rapper Tommy Viera whose lyrics are about Daddy Yankee's, and Barrio Fino's role in the reggaeton music movement.[13] "Dos Mujeres", performed humorously way, takes the point of view of a man who secretly maintains a relationship with his wife and his lover.[13] "Saber Su Nombre" fuses reggaeton and dancehall music, and tells the story of a man who shows interest in a woman he met at a nightclub.[13] The album's outro, titled "Historia", was written to represent the people of Puerto Rican neighborhoods.[13] Daddy Yankee stated that he wanted to "bring them to life in a story that's very humble but full of pride".[13]

Production and packaging[edit]

Luny Tunes produced nine of the twenty-one tracks on Barrio Fino, including the singles "Gasolina", "Like You", "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" and "Tu Príncipe".[17] American production duo Monserrate & DJ Urba produced three songs, including the single "No Me Dejes Solo".[17] American singer and producer Fido, one half of Alexis & Fido, and American pianist Eliel each produced two tracks. American producers Naldo, DJ Nelson, Echo, Diesel, Nely, Edgardo Matta, and Salvadoran production duo Crooked Stilo produced or co-produced one track on the album.[17] The intro, interlude and outro were produced by Ramsis.[17]

Barrio Fino was recorded between 2003 and 2004 at Daddy Yankee's El Cartel Studios in Villa Kennedy, San Juan, Puerto Rico and Luny Tunes' Mas Flow Studios in Carolina, Puerto Rico.[17] The album was mixed by Luny Tunes, Paul "Echo" Irizarry and Jose "Hyde" Cotto at Mas Flow Studios and The Lab Studios.[17] The cover art features Daddy Yankee in a black-and-white esthetic. He hired Elastic People music video director and designer Carlos Perez, who wanted to "position him as one of the founders of the movement and portray him on a sophisticated note".[4] Daddy Yankee suggested a "monumental" black-and-white cover inspired from historical photographs involving American professional boxer and activist Muhammad Ali.[4]

Release[edit]

Barrio Fino was released on July 13, 2004. In the week ending on July 31, the record debuted at number one on Billboard's Top Latin Albums,[19] becoming the first reggaeton album to peak and debut at the top of that chart.[20] It also debuted at number one on Billboard's Tropical Albums and at number sixty-seven on the Billboard 200.[21][22] The release of "Gasolina" as the album's lead single enhanced its chart performance and it topped the Top Latin Albums chart for a second week in 2005,[23] remaining there for another twenty-two non-consecutive weeks, for a total of twenty-four weeks at number one.[24] It also re-entered the Billboard 200 in the week ending on December 18, 2004,[25] and peaked at number twenty-six on the April 16, 2005, issue,[26] an unprecedented chart placement for a reggaeton record at the time.[citation needed] It topped the Tropical Albums chart for twenty-eight non-consecutive weeks.[27] At one hundred and four weeks, Barrio Fino holds the record for the most weeks spent on the Top Latin Albums chart of a reggaeton recording.[28] It also charted for fifty-four weeks on the Billboard 200,[29] and forty-two weeks on Tropical Albums.[30] A bonus track version of Barrio Fino, which includes a salsa remix of "Sabor a Melao" and a bachata remix for "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó", was released on May 23, 2005.[31]

In 2005, the album became the first reggaeton record to chart in Europe, peaking at number twenty-six in Portugal[32] and Spain,[33] at number twenty-eight in Switzerland,[34] at number forty-six in Italy,[35] at number fifty-one in Austria,[36] and at number sixty-seven in France.[37] On May 17, 2005, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified Barrio Fino platinum for having shipped one million copies in the United States.[38] On March 3, 2006, it was also certified platinum by the Mexican Association of Producers of Phonograms and Videograms (AMPROFON) for sales of one hundred thousand units in Mexico.[39] The album also received a platinum certification by the Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers (CAPIF) on March 22, 2005, for sales of over forty thousand units.[40] In Canada, sales for Barrio Fino were considerably lower. Despite Daddy Yankee being one of the first reggaeton artists to receive airplay there, the album had sold only 9,300 units as of September 2005, according to Nielsen SoundScan.[41] According to The Record, Barrio Fino shipped five million copies worldwide as of June 2006.[20] In the United States, Barrio Fino became the best-selling reggaeton album of 2004, the best- selling tropical recording of 2004, and the best-selling Latin album of 2005 and the 2000s decade.[42][43][44]

The bonus track version was re-released for digital stores and streaming platforms on July 21, 2017, under El Cartel Records and The Orchard, celebrating the album's thirteenth anniversary.[45][46][47] It subsequently re-entered the US Top Latin Albums chart at number thirteen on August 12, 2017.[48]

Singles[edit]

"Gasolina" became the first of two of the album's singles to achieve a Billboard Hot 100 entry, peaking at number thirty-two in the week ending on January 29, 2005.[49] It also charted on Billboard's Hot Rap Songs, Rhythmic Songs, Hot Latin Songs and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, reaching number ten,[50] number eleven,[51] number seventeen[52] and number thirty-seven, respectively.[53] Leila Cobo of Billboard, states that the song did not manage to pass its number seventeen peak on the Hot Latin Songs chart because of the lack of urban music played on US Spanish-language radio stations at the time.[15] Internationally, the song also charted within the top five in Denmark,[54] Italy,[55] Norway,[56] Ireland[57] and the United Kingdom.[58] "Gasolina" did not chart in Japan, despite the track having shipped one hundred thousand units in the country as of September 2005.[59]

The album's second single, "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó", did not manage to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 but was commercially successful on Hot Latin Songs, peaking at number two on September 24, 2005.[52] It also reached number one on the Tropical Airplay chart on March 12, 2005,[60] and number thirty-eight on Rhythmic Songs on September 24, 2005.[51] Internationally, "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" peaked at number thirty-five in Switzerland.[61] "No Me Dejes Solo" peaked at number thirty-two on Hot Latin Songs,[52] and at number eight on Tropical Airplay.[62] "Like You" received significant airplay on mainstream radio stations in the United States, peaking at number seventy-eight on the Billboard Hot 100,[49] at number twenty-two on Hot Rap Songs[50] and at number twenty-six on Rhythmic Songs.[51] "Tu Príncipe" was released as the album's sixth and last single, and peaked at number thirty-five on Billboard's Hot Latin Songs chart on the issue dated April 8, 2006.[52]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[63]
Rolling Stone 3.5/5 stars[64]
The Record 3/5 stars[20]

Jason Birchmeier of AllMusic gave the album a 4.5 out of 5 score, praising its first half as "remarkably solid" but commenting that its final quarter "begin to grow tiresome" because of the record's length. He states that Daddy Yankee "deserves a lot of credit for the success of Barrio Fino, for his charisma, energy level, and command of the proceedings are well evident and often infectious". Birchmeier selected "Gasolina" and "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" as the album's highlights, with minor highlights including "Dale Caliente," "No Me Dejes Solo," "Tu Príncipe," and "¿Qué Vas a Hacer?". He ended the review by saying that Barrio Fino is "a milestone reggaetón release for its time" alongside Don Omar's The Last Don.[65]

Rolling Stone magazine's Christian Hoard gave it a 3.5 out of 5, stating that Barrio Fino is "the blingiest and most modern disc in current reggaeton" and highlighted the track "Gasolina" for its "slinky hook".[66] The album was later ranked by the magazine as the forty-fourth best record of 2005.[67] On the 2005 year-end ranking of Rolling Stone Argentina, the album was ranked as the forty-seventh best record of 2005, with the comment that "Daddy Yankee exploits a boricua version of 50 Cent's style". The magazine praised the album for its "elegant and fabulous rhythms" and ended the review by adding that "Barrio Fino is an agitated excursion to reggaeton's most rough pleasures".[68]

Adam Webb of the BBC stated in his review that Daddy Yankee's "sheer energy" is where he "reigns supreme over the majority of his hip hop peers".[69] He felt that the fusion of salsa, dancehall and hip hop on "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó", "Sabor a Melao" and "Gasolina" "is like being strapped to a particularly lascivious booty".[69] Journalist Ramiro Burr gave a positive review of the album. He said that "Gasolina" is "the engine driving this collection," describing the song as a basic reggae beat with a catchy chorus, and highlighted the dance tracks "No Me Dejes Solo" and "Like You".[16] He also gave credit to Andy Montañez's vocals on "Sabor a Melao", which added "a soulful flavor to the track".[16] An editor of the Indian music magazine The Record wrote a mixed review of Barrio Fino, stating that anyone who is not intimidated by the Spanish language barrier "will find this to be a good album," praising his "strong rhyming skills". The reviewer criticizes the record because it "is not nearly as catchy or accessible as you might have expected it to be" but says that Daddy Yankee almost "lives up to the promise of the hype surrounding him".[20] The album received a score of 3 out of 5.[20]

Accolades[edit]

Publication Accolade Year Rank Ref.
Rolling Stone The Top 50 Records of 2005 2005
44
[67]
Rolling Stone Argentina The Best 50 Albums of 2005 2006
47
[68]
Latin Times The Top 35 Latin Songs of the Century... So Far ("Gasolina") 2013
32
[70]
Latina Best Music by Latinos from the Early 2000s ("Gasolina") 2014
13
[71]
Billboard The 50 Greatest Latin Albums of the Past 50 Years 2015 N/A [24]
Billboard The 50 Greatest Latin Songs of All Time ("Gasolina") 2015
9
[72]
ThoughtCo. 10 Best Classic Reggaeton Songs ("Lo Que Pasó, Pasó") 2017
8
[73]
10 Best Classic Reggaeton Songs ("Gasolina")
1

Barrio Fino received a Latin Grammy Award for Best Urban Music Album at the 6th Annual Latin Grammy Awards.[74][75] The lead single, "Gasolina", was nominated for Record of the Year, becoming the first reggaeton song to be so honored.[76] The album also received a Billboard Music Award for Latin Album of the Year at the 16th Billboard Music Awards, ceremony where "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" was nominated for Top Latin Song and Daddy Yankee was awarded Latin Albums Artist of the Year.[77][78] Barrio Fino also received a Billboard Latin Music Award for Reggaeton Album of the Year, a Lo Nuestro Award for Urban Album of the Year, and a Latin Music Fan Award for Album of the Year.[79][80][81]

"Gasolina" also received the Catchiest Tune award at the 2nd Premios Juventud.[82] Its music video received a Latin Music Fan Award for Music Video of the Year and was nominated for a MTV2 Award at the 22nd MTV Video Music Awards and a MTV Video Music Awards Japan for Best Reggae Video.[81][83][84] "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" won an Urban Song of the Year award at the 18th Lo Nuestro Awards.[85]

In 2006, Daddy Yankee received an ASCAP Award for Latin Songwriter of the Year for his work on "Gasolina", "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" and "No Me Dejes Solo", among other songs.[86] He was also awarded Artist of the Year at the 13rd Billboard Latin Music Awards,[87] and Urban Artist of the Year at the 18th Lo Nuestro Awards.[88] He received the Premios Juventud award for Voice of the Moment and Favorite Urban Artist at the 2nd Premios Juventud awards show, and was also nominated for a Favorite Latin Artist award at the 33rd American Music Awards.[82][89]

Legacy[edit]

Daddy Yankee and his platinum certification for Barrio Fino given by the Recording Industry Association of America.

The success of the album brought wealth to Daddy Yankee, who became the "messiah of reggaeton" according to Billboard, and inked a multi-year deal with the global athletic footwear company Reebok, launching a signature sport collection called DY in 2006.[15][90][91] In August 2005, he signed a five-year contract with American record label Interscope Records, which distributed his subsequent albums Barrio Fino en Directo (2005), El Cartel: The Big Boss (2007) and Talento de Barrio (2008).[92] That year, he produced and starred in his own semi-autobiographical feature film, Talento de Barrio, distributed by Paramount Pictures.[9][93] The film, released in 2008, grossed $1.6 million at the box office in the United States as of November 2008.[94][95]

Barrio Fino made history as the first reggaeton record to peak at number one on Billboard's Top Latin Albums chart, as well as becoming the best-selling Latin album in the United States in 2005 and the 2000s decade.[4][43][44] According to Billboard magazine, the commercial success of Barrio Fino "introduced Daddy Yankee to the mainstream market and made reggaeton an international [music] genre".[24] In 2015, the magazine included the recording on its list of 50 Essential Latin Albums of the Last 50 years (1965–2015).[24] That same year, "Gasolina" was ranked ninth on Billboard's 50 Greatest Latin Songs of All Time, described as "the track that internationalized reggaeton" by making the genre a global phenomenon.[72] Billboard included Daddy Yankee on its list of The 30 Most Influential Latin Artists of All Time, citing "Gasolina" as the song that "brought the underground urban sound of the [Puerto Rican hoods] to the world".[96] Carlos Quintana of ThoughtCo. said that "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" is "one of the best singles on [Barrio Fino]" and that it is "a perfect song for a Latin party night," including it on his 10 Best Classic Reggaeton Songs list in 2017.[73] He also ranked "Gasolina" as the best classic reggaeton song, noting that it is "probably the most famous reggaeton song in history" and it "never fails to get a party going".[73]

The album also enhanced Luny Tunes' production career. They were later recognized as the genre's hit-makers following the release of their studio albums Mas Flow 2 in 2005 and Mas Flow: Los Benjamins in 2006.[8][97] Daddy Yankee credits Wisin & Yandel's collaboration on the track "No Me Dejes Solo" as the boost they needed to be internationally recognized.[13] He considers "No Me Dejes Solo" as a "nightclub anthem" and "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó" a "Latin anthem" saying that both are contemporary and well-received by fans.[13] According to Leila Cobo of Billboard, the success of Barrio Fino "detonated a global reggaeton explosion that irrevocably altered the business, sound and aesthetic of Latin music".[13]

The commercial success of "Gasolina" in the United States led to the creation of a new radio format and a Billboard chart: Latin Rhythm Airplay.[4] According to Nestor Casonu, CEO of Casonu Strategic Management, "Daddy Yankee and 'Gasolina' triggered the explosion of urban Latin music worldwide".[4] Daddy Yankee himself claims that the album's success gave poor kids from barrios the hope of fame through a music career.[4][13] On "I'm the Boss", a track from his 2013 album King Daddy, he revealed that "he is still spending his Barrio Fino money".[98]

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Intro" Ramón Ayala Ramsis 1:19
2. "King Daddy"
  • Ayala
Luny Tunes 2:31
3. "Dale Caliente"
  • Ayala
3:15
4. "No Me Dejes Solo" (featuring Wisin & Yandel)
  • Monserrate & DJ Urba
  • Fido
2:50
5. "Gasolina"
Luny Tunes 3:12
6. "Like You"
  • Ayala
  • Ávila
Luny Tunes 3:22
7. "El Muro"
  • Ayala
Monserrate & DJ Urba 2:59
8. "Lo Que Pasó, Pasó"
  • Ayala
  • Joan Ortiz
3:30
9. "Tu Príncipe" (featuring Zion & Lennox) Luny Tunes 3:25
10. "Cuéntame" Ayala
2:35
11. "Santifica Tus Escapularios" Ayala Luny Tunes 3:19
12. "Sabor a Melao" (featuring Andy Montañez) DJ Nelson 3:43
13. "El Empuje" Ayala Monserrate & DJ Urba 3:23
14. "¿Qué Vas A Hacer?" (featuring May-Be) Ayala Fido 3:19
15. "Salud y Vida" Ayala 3:26
16. "Intermedio – Gavilán" Ayala Ramsis 1:12
17. "Corazones" Ayala
3:29
18. "Golpe de Estado" (featuring Tommy Viera)
  • Ayala
  • Dino Olavarrias
3:06
19. "2 Mujeres" Ayala Luny Tunes 3:09
20. "Saber Su Nombre" Ayala Edgardo Matta 3:38
21. "Outro" Ayala Ramsis 5:42
Total length: 01:06:24

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from AllMusic[99] and Discogs.[17][100]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[40] Platinum 40,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[124] Platinum 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[125] Platinum 1,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Release history[edit]

Region Date Label Format
United States[2] July 13, 2004 CD
Canada[41][126] March 22, 2005 Universal Latin
Italy[127] March 23, 2005
Spain[128]
Japan[100] May 11, 2005
United Kingdom[2] May 17, 2005 Polydor
Sweden[129] July 4, 2005
Germany[130] July 25, 2005 Universal Latin
India[131] February 8, 2006
United States[2] December 22, 2006 Machete
United Kingdom[132] April 24, 2007 Universal Latin
United Kingdom[133] December 26, 2013
Worldwide[47] July 21, 2017
Digital download

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daddy Yankee – Barrio Fino at Discogs". discogs.com. Archived from the original on July 31, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Barrio Fino – Release group by Daddy Yankee". musicbrainz.org. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017. 
  3. ^ Carney Smith, Jessie. Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture Archived February 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.. ABC-CLIO, 2010, p. 1199.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Daddy Yankee Remembers 'Gasolina' 10 Years Later: 'I Knew It Was a Home Run'". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Exclusive: Daddy Yankee's Track-by-Track Review of His 'Barrio Fino,' 10 Years Later". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ Daddy Yankee; DJ Playero (December 18, 2015). "History of Daddy Yankee and his debut on Playero #34 - Underground Reggae - The Mixtape (1992) «posted by Daddy Yankee on his Instagram Account»". instagram.com (in Spanish). Daddy Yankee. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Dj Playero coloca la evidencia de que Daddy Yankee y él fueron los creadores de la palabra "Reggaeton"" (in Spanish). rapeton.com. December 10, 2015. Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d Birchmeier, Jason. "Daddy Yankee – Biography". billboard.com. Archived from the original on March 13, 2016. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d Ilich, Tijana. "Daddy Yankee - Reggaeton Pioneer and Entrepreneur". thoughtco.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Billboard Top Latin Albums – Chart dated March 29, 2003". Billboard. billboard.com. March 29, 2003. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Luny Tunes / Noriega – Mas Flow – Overview". AllMusic. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Daddy Yankee – "Cógela Que Va Sin Jockey" Lyrics". metrolyrics.com. Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Cobo, Leila (August 1, 2014). "Exclusive: Daddy Yankee's Track-by-Track Review of His 'Barrio Fino,' 10 Years Later". Billboard. billboard.com. Archived from the original on June 20, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Daddy Yankee – "No Me Dejes Solo" Lyrics". metrolyrics.com. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Cobo, Leila (August 10, 2014). "Daddy Yankee Remembers 'Gasolina' 10 Years Later: 'I Knew It Was a Home Run'". Billboard. billboard.com. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c Burr, Ramiro. "Amazon.com: Barrio Fino: Music". Amazon.com. amazon.com. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h "Daddy Yankee – Barrio Fino (CD, Album) at Discogs". Discogs. discogs.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Daddy Yankee – Barrio Fino En Directo (Documental) – Part 2 of 4" (in Spanish). youtube.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.  From 1:24 to 2:14
  19. ^ "Billboard Top Latin Albums: Chart dated July 31, 2004". Billboard. billboard.com. July 31, 2004. Archived from the original on February 18, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "The Record Music Magazine – Reviews: Daddy Yankee – Barrio Fino". The Record. therecordmag.com. June 2006. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Billboard Tropical Albums: Chart dated July 31, 2004". Billboard. billboard.com. July 31, 2004. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017. 
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