Barrow Neurological Institute
|Barrow Neurological Institute|
Neuroscience Tower A at the Barrow Neurological Institute
|Location||350 West Thomas Rd, Phoenix, Arizona, United States|
|Hospital type||Teaching Hospital, Research Institute|
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Beds||64 Neuroscience ICU beds, 80 Neuroacute Beds|
|Lists||Hospitals in Arizona|
Barrow Neurological Institute is the world's largest neurological disease treatment and research institution, and is consistently ranked as one of the best neurosurgical training centers in the United States. Founded in 1961, the main campus is located at 310 W. Thomas Road, Phoenix, Arizona.
Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center is the world's largest dedicated neurosurgical center and a leader in neurosurgical training, research, and patient care. More operative neurosurgical procedures take place at BNI than at any other institution in the United States. Under the directorship of Dr. Robert F. Spetzler, and Dr. Volker Sonntag, the institution's unique capabilities and achievements are recognized internationally.
Initially started by Dr. John Green and Dr. Betty Clements as a regional center for patients with neurosurgical issues, the institution has rapidly expanded over the last 30 years. Barrow receives referrals from all over the world and is internationally recognized for the treatment of disorders such as cerebrovascular aneurysms, hypothalamic hamartomas and other brain tumors, complex spinal disorders, stroke and Parkinson's disease at the Muhammad Ali Parkinson Center. The center is home to the largest neurosurgical residency program in the United States, and hundreds of neurosurgeons from around the world visit yearly to attend the Spetzler-Rhoton Skull Base Course and the Barrow Symposium.
The clinical volume at Barrow Neurological Institute is unparalleled by any other institution in the world. There are 11 dedicated neurosurgical ORs, typically with 2 cases per room, averaging 18 to 20 cases per weekday and 100 cases per week. Previous figures reported to the ACGME for re-accreditation in 2007-8 academic year was a total of 6,681 cases (not including the majority of supplementary procedures). Additionally, the institution is home to a 64-bed neurosurgical ICU, the largest of its kind in the world. The neurosurgical operating rooms at Barrow were completed in 2006 and are still considered state of the art. Each operating room is about two times the size of a traditional operating room and fitted with three 64-inch plasma screens, two high definition cameras, and access to a single 3T intraoperative MRI. These 11 dedicated neurosurgical operating rooms with ancillary staff sub-specialized only in neurosurgical care, are the most of any single institution in the world.
Barrow Neurological Institute accepts four residents per year to its neurological surgery residency program, making it the largest program of its kind in the country. Graduates from the program have gone on to chair other neurosurgical programs, head various national neurosurgical societies, and have patented a number of neurosurgical devices. Due to Barrow Neurological Institute's high clinical volume and emphasis on resident education, the center has garnered a reputation for producing technical masters in numerous fields within neurosurgery, and has become one of the most sought after neurosurgical training programs in the world.
Barrow Neurological Institute also offers three fellowships: Cerebrovascular under the direction of Dr. Robert F. Spetzler, Neuroendovascular under the direction of Drs. Felipe C. Albuquerque and Cameron G. McDougall, and Spinal Neurosurgery under the direction of Dr. Nicholas Theodore.
In 2014, Doximity/U.S. News & World Report ranked the Neurosurgical Residency Program at Barrow Neurological Institute as the #2 training program in the U.S. Additionally, in 2014 Khan et al. performed a comprehensive analysis of the academic productivity of 1225 Neurosurgeons in the United States. The authors found that the Barrow Neurosurgery Department was #2 in terms of overall academic productivity.
The BNI Softball team, known as the "Chiefy's," are the winningest team at the Annual Neurosurgery Charity Softball Tournament hosted by Columbia University in New York City. The tournament, which benefits brain tumor research, is a competition among 30 teams representing the top neurosurgical institutes from across the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. The Chiefy's began participating in the tournament in 2009, and have since won four titles (2010, 2011, 2013, 2014), the most of any team.
Current neurosurgical faculty
Robert F. Spetzler - Honored Guest, CNS
Volker K.H. Sonntag - Honored Guest, CNS
Curtis Dickman - Chairperson, AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves
Nicholas Theodore - ABNS Oral Board Examiner
Felipe C. Albuquerque - Vice-Chair AANS/CNS CV Section
David F. Barranco
Brian C. Fitzpatrick
U. Kumar Kakarla
Frederick F. Marciano
Cameron G. McDougall - SNIS President
Peter Nakaji - AAN/CNS CV Section Program Co-chair
Stephen M. Papadopoulos - CNS President
Randall W. Porter
Nader Sanai - Scientific Program Chair, AANS/CNS Section on Tumors
P David Adelson - CNS President
Andrew G. Shetter
Kris A. Smith - President, Arizona Neurosurgical Society
John E. Wanebo
William L. White
Joseph M. Zambraski - Founding member, Resident CSNS Committee
Neil Martin - Chairman, UCLA
Frank Culicchia - Chairman, LSU
Michael Tymianski - Chairman, University of Toronto
Cargill H. Alleyne - Chairman, MCG
Roger Smith - Chairman, Tulane University
Michael Lemole - Chairman, University of Arizona
Joshua B. Bederson - Chairman, Mount Sinai
John Golfinos - Chairman, NYU
Frank Hsu - Chairman, UC Irvine
Daniel Barrow - Chairman, Emory University
Julian Bales - Chairman, Northshore University
Bernhard Meyer - Chairman, Technical University of Munich
Allan D. Levi - Chief Neurosurgery, University of Miami Hospital
Roger Hartl - Director Spine, Cornell University
Mark Hadley - Director Spine, University of Alabama; ABNS Director, CNS President
Giuseppe Lanzino - Professor, Mayo Clinic
Michael Lawton - Director Cerebrovascular, UCSF
Howard Riina - Vice Chairmain, NYU
Gregory P. Lekovic - House Clinic
Peter Nakaji - Program Director, BNI
Michael Alexander - Director Neurovascular/Vice-Chairman, Cedars-Sinai
Issam Awad - Director Cerebrovascular, University of Chicago
Mohammad A. Aziz-Sultan - Assistant Professor Neuroendovascular, Harvard Medical School
Nader Sanai - Director Brain Tumor Center, BNI
Christopher Ames - CoDirector Spine, UCSF
Daniele Rigamonti - Director Radiosurgery, Johns Hopkins
Jacques Morcos - Director Vascular Neurosurgery, University of Miami
Sepideh Amin-Hanjani - CoDirector Neurovascular Surgery, UIC
Antonio Bernardo - Assistant Professor, Cornell University
Wouter I. Schievink - Director Microvascular Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai
Nicholas Bambakidis - Program Director, Case Western
Tanvir Choudri - Associate Professor, Mount Sinai
Ricardo Hanel - Professor, Mayo Clinic
Dean Chou - Associate Director Spine, UCSF
Dean Karahalios - Director Spine, Northshore University
Carlos David - Director Neurovascular, Lahey Clinic
Nicholas Theodore, Director Spine, BNI
Paul J. Marcotte - Associate Professor, University of Pennsylvania
Michael Stiefel - Director Cerebrovascular, University of Pennsylvania
Curtis Dickman - CoDirector Spine, BNI
Louis Kim - Associate Professor, University of Washington
Fernando Gonzalez - Associate Professor, Duke University
Eric W. Nottmeier - Associate Professor, Mayo Clinic
B. Gregory Thompson - Professor, University of Michigan
Brendon Killory - Assistant Professor, University of Connecticut
Kaushik Das - Associate Professor, NYMC
Alim Mitha - Assistant Professor, University of Calgary
Timothy Link - Assistant Professor, Columbia Neurosurgery
Peng Roc Chen - Assistant Professor, University of Texas
Wendy Spangler - Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska
Jeffrey Klopfenstein - Program Director, Director Cerebrovascular Section, University of Illinois-Peoria
Giuseppe Lanzino - Professor, Mayo Clinic
Scott Wait - Assistant Program Director and Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Carolinas Medical Center
Jeffrey Thramann - Founder, Lanx Spinal Devices
Mark Mahan - Assistant Professor, University of Utah
In popular culture
- I Want to Thank My Brain For Remembering Me, by Jimmy Breslin - former Pulitzer Prize winner's book on his treatment at the Barrow Neurological Institute For a brain aneurysm
- The Vow (2012) - movie based on the real story of patient treated at the Barrow Neurological Institute who woke up with severe memory loss after a TBI
- Pam Reynolds case - notable standstill operation performed by Robert F. Spetzler that took place at the Institute in 1991 in which a 35-year old American woman was induced into clinical death for the removal of a large aneurysm in her brain, later to accurately recall the events after claiming to have had a near-death experience
- Ronan (song) - song by Taylor Swift on Ronan Thompson, a young boy with neuroblastoma treated at Barrow Neurological Institute
- The Healing Blade - written by Edward J. Sylvester, the book covers the history of Barrow Neurological Institute and the standstill procedure popularized by Robert Spetzler
- "US News Rankings".
- Lochhead RA, Abla AA, Mitha AP, Fusco D, Almefty K, Sanai N, Oppenlander ME, Albuquerque FC. A history of the Barrow Neurological Institute. World Neurosurg. 2010 Jul;74(1):71-80
- "Dr. Robert F. Spetzler".
- Kick SA, Sonntag VK, Spetzler RF. Neurosurgery at the Barrow Neurological Institute. Neurosurgery. 1997 Oct;41(4):930-7.
- Barrow Residency Brochure. http://www.stjosephs-phx.org/stellent/groups/public/@xinternet_con_sjh/documents/webcontent/201172.pdf
- Padilla S. In a League of its Own. Barrow Magazine. 18(2) 2006.
- Barrow Residency Website. http://www.bniresidency.com
- "Softball Tournament".
- "BNI Softball Champions".
- "Jimmy Brezler".