Barrowby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barrowby
Barrowby is located in Lincolnshire
Barrowby
Barrowby
Barrowby shown within Lincolnshire
OS grid reference SK880363
• London 100 mi (160 km) S
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRANTHAM
Postcode district NG32
Dialling code 01476
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
52°55′01″N 0°41′31″W / 52.917°N 0.692°W / 52.917; -0.692Coordinates: 52°55′01″N 0°41′31″W / 52.917°N 0.692°W / 52.917; -0.692

Barrowby is a village and civil parish[1] in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It lies 2 miles (3.2 km) west from Grantham town centre, in a position overlooking the Vale of Belvoir. It has a Grade I listed parish church (All Saints). The 2001 Census lists 795 households and a population of 1,996,[2] which fell to 1,952 in 840 households at the 2011 census.[3] This may reflect a fall in the size of households.

History[edit]

Barrowby signpost

The first written records for Barrowby are in the Domesday Book of 1086 in which the village is referred to as "Bergebi", thought to derive from Scandinavian languages 'berg-by' meaning 'village by the hill'. The Domesday record shows that there was a church with a priest and 60 acres (0.24 km2) of meadow. The village belonged to the historical wapentake of Winnibriggs and Threo.[4]

The Domesday village of Casthorpe is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west from Barrowby. By the 14th century it was referred to in records as two holdings, East[5] and West[6] Casthorpe. It is now little more than a cluster of farm buildings. A further Deserted Medieval Village is Newbo, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the north-west, which was located by archaeologists in 1970.[7]

Geography[edit]

Barrowby is situated where the A52 road crosses the A1 road which separates the village from the western edge of Grantham. The village is close to the Lincolnshire border with Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire.

Barrowby is 300 feet (91 m) above sea level, and adjacent to the Vale of Belvoir. From the village can be seen Belvoir Castle, Lincoln Cathedral, and power stations in the Trent valley, including West Burton and Cottam, near Gainsborough over 40 miles (60 km) away.

Adjoining villages include Sedgebrook, Harlaxton, Denton and the small hamlets of Casthorpe and Stenwith.

Culture and community[edit]

The White Swan, Barrowby
All Saints Church, Barrowby

There has been a Barrowby fete or gala in various forms since the 1950s. From 2004, and until recently, an annual Barrowby Gala and Beer Festival was held on the village green. The event, with stalls, games, fairground rides, and tug of war, was organised by a committee of village residents.[citation needed]

Barrowby combines old buildings, cottages and manor houses, with newer buildings in a housing estate built within the last 30 years.[when?] The new housing estate and the original Barrowby centre are linked by two main roads, High Road and Low Road. Some of the surrounding road names reflect the names of patrons and residents who have established and shaped the village.[citation needed]

Barrowby contains a post office, cafe, butchers, and a British Legion Club. The village public house is The White Swan. Until 1959 there was a second public house, The Marquis of Granby Inn,[8] which was situated at the corner of Welby Court and Main Street. It is pictured in a 1910 postcard of the village.

The Anglican Grade I listed parish church, dedicated to All Saints, was built between the 13th and 14th centuries from ironstone and limestone, and is in Early English and Perpendicular Gothic styles. The church was extensively restored in 1852 and 1870.[9] It includes an ancient[when?] door at the south side of the chancel, a humorous corbel at the foot of a south window depicting a head that seems to have been pinched out of place by the adjacent buttress, and a blocked north door. Significant internal elements include stained glass windows.[10]

The ecclesiastical parish is part of the Barrowby and Great Gonerby group of the Deanery of Grantham, Diocese of Lincoln. The 2013 incumbent is Rev Peter Hopkins[11] Services are held in Gonerby and at All Saints.[12]

Education[edit]

Barrowby parish school was built in 1852. The building is situated adjacent to the church, and part of the original school hall and bell tower remain. In recent years[when?] the school has been modernised with additional new buildings.[citation needed] The school has an Ofsted rating of "outstanding";[13] from September 2010 to April 2011, 6% of schools were judged as outstanding by Ofsted.[citation needed] It has a school roll of approximately 240 pupils from 4–11 years and has received Basic Skills Mark, Healthy Schools, and Eco-Schools Silver Status awards.[14][15]

Notable people[edit]

Dr Thomas Hurst was born in the village in 1598 and became rector of Barrowby in 1629. He was chaplain to King Charles I.[citation needed] One of the 1970s housing developments bears the name Hurst Crescent.

Sir John Thorold[which?] was a landowner who owned about one quarter of the parish, the other parts split between the Duke of Devonshire and the Welby family.[citation needed] The Thorold family also owned land in nearby villages of Casthorpe and Sedgebrook. Thorold Road is named after Sir John Thorold.[citation needed]

Further reading[edit]

  • De Ville, Eileen: Guide to Barrowby Parish Church, All Saints (1977), Journal Commercial Printers, 1977
  • Barrowby : a guide to the archaeology of the Parish, King's School, Archaeological Society c. 1971

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish Details.". [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Neighbourhood statistics". 2001 census. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Vision of Britain site: Retrieved 16 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Historic England. "DMV at East Casthorpe (323653)". PastScape. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "DMV at West Casthorpe (323656)". PastScape. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "DMV at Newbo (891671)". PastScape. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Lost pubs in Barrowby, Lincolnshire". 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church (323676)". PastScape. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.barrowbychurch.org.uk/
  11. ^ "Ecclesiastical Parish details". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. 
  12. ^ "All Saint's church web site". 
  13. ^ "Barrowby C of E Primary School: Ofsted Report 2011" (PDF). Ousted. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  14. ^ "Barrow by C of E School: Ofsted Dashboard". www.ofsted.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  15. ^ "Barrowby C of E Primary School". www.barrowby.lincs.sch.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 

External links[edit]