Barry Horowitz

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For the fictional character, see Barry Horowitz (True Blood).
Barry Horowitz
Birth name Barry Horowitz
Born (1960-03-24) March 24, 1960 (age 56)
St. Petersburg, Florida, United States[1]
Professional wrestling career
Ring name(s) Barry Hart[1]
Barry Horowitz[2]
Brett Hart[2] (also used by Bret Hart)
Jack Hart[1][2]
The Red Knight[2]
Major Yates[2]
Billed height 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)[1]
Billed weight 221 lb (100 kg)[1]
Trained by Boris Malenko[1]
Debut 1979

Barry Horowitz (born March 24, 1960) is an American professional wrestler, best known for his time in the World Wrestling Federation.

Early life[edit]

Horowitz attended Florida State University, where he studied sports nutrition and wrestled.[3][4]

Professional wrestling career[edit]

Early career (1979–1987)[edit]

Horowitz trained as a professional wrestler under Boris Malenko in Tampa, Florida for 18 months and debuted in 1979 on the Floridian independent circuit. He went on to work for the World Wide Wrestling Federation, Jim Crockett, Sr.'s NWA Mid-Atlantic promotion, and promotions in Canada and Puerto Rico.

Horowitz eventually joined Championship Wrestling from Florida as Jack Hart. On July 23, 1985 in Tampa, he defeated Mike Graham in a tournament final to win the vacant NWA Florida Heavyweight Championship.[5] He held the title until September 2, 1985, when he lost to Kendall Windham.[5] He remained in CWF for two years, and was managed by heels such as Percy Pringle and Sir Oliver Humperdink.[1]

World Wrestling Federation (1987–1990)[edit]

After wrestling in Memphis as "Stretcher" Jack Hart, Horowitz joined the World Wrestling Federation in 1987. Wearing suspenders and a vest with an outline of a handprint on the back, which he patted as a self-congratulatory measure, he spent three years in the WWF as an enhancement talent (primarily against up and coming babyfaces). Horowitz occasionally teamed with another preliminary wrestler, Steve Lombardi ("The Brooklyn Brawler") during Horowitz's stint in the WWF. Although Horowitz's win years later over BodyDonna Skip was viewed as his first victory, he did have multiple pinfall victories during his first WWF run. The first was in Kitchener, Ontario on July 22, 1987 over Brady Boone.[6] That year he would gain three more victories, pinning Lanny Poffo, David Sammartino, and Jerry Allen. Horowitz also gained multiple wins in tag-team action as he partnered with Steve Lombardi. In one house show event, Horowitz and Lombardi defeated Jerry Allen and Scott Hall in Springfield, MA on August 23, 1987 [6]

In 1988, he would register fifteen singles victories, defeating Jerry Allen, DJ Peterson, Jose Luis Rivera, Mike Sharpe, and Lanny Poffo.[7] Horowitz finished his initial WWF run registering fourteen victories in 1989, including an improbable pin over a young Ken Shamrock in Greensboro, NC on July 29.[8] Barry's final match was a loss to Mark Young in Waco, TX on April 22, 1990,[9] after which he departed for World Championship Wrestling.

World Championship Wrestling (1990)[edit]

Horowitz made his debut in WCW a little over a month later at a TV taping on May 23, 1990 at the Georgia Mountains Center in a match with Brian Pillman.[10] He would wrestle in over fifty matches that year, registering one victory (a pinfall of Tommy Angel at a TV taping in October). His only PPV appearance was in a dark match at Halloween Havoc 90, where he was defeated by Tim Horner.[10] His last appearance came on December 7 at a house show in St. Joseph, Missouri, where he wrestled twice, losing to The Juicer and Sam Houston in subsequent matches.

Global Wrestling Federation (1991–1993)[edit]

Horowitz then traveled to Texas, where he worked for the newly formed Global Wrestling Federation. Competing in the light-heavyweight division, Horowitz (billed as Barry "The Winner" Horowitz) won the GWF Light Heavyweight Championship on two occasions within the space of a month in 1992, defeating Jerry Lynn on February 7 and Ben Jordan on February 28 in Dallas, Texas.[11] He remained in the GWF for two years until it declared bankruptcy.

Return to WWF (1991–1997)[edit]

Along the way, Horowitz also returned to the WWF in late 1991, where he was once again used to help put talent over. His first match back came on October 21 at a WWF Superstars taping in Fort Wayne, IN when he teamed with Brian Costello to face The Bushwhackers.[12] For the remainder of 1991, Horowitz only appeared on televised events and came out on the losing end in matches against Legion of Doom, Greg Valentine, and then Intercontinental Champion Bret Hart. This continued through the first half of 1992, and Horowitz would face and lose to Kerry Von Erich, Owen Hart, Tito Santana, and others at WWF Superstars and WWF Challenge tapings.

On June 5, 1992 in Chicago, IL Horowitz rejoined the house show circuit, substituting for the departed Colonel Mustafa in a series against Kerry Von Erich. He also faced Tito Santana, coming out winless on each occasion. In September he began teaming with Skinner in a house show program against High Energy (Koko B. Ware and Owen Hart). Horowitz would remain winless in his WWF return until September 21, 1992, when he finally secured his first pinfall victory by defeating Brad Holman in a dark match at a WWF Superstars taping in Winnipeg, Manitoba [13] He would be his only victory of the year.

In Phoenix, AZ he teamed with Reno Riggins against The Smoking Guns on April 5, 1993 in the WWF debut of Billy & Bart Gunn. Horowitz would later lose to Riggins in a Wrestling Challenge dark match on June 14 in Columbus, OH.[14] On July 5, 1993 he gained his second victory, defeating Phil Apollo at a Monday Night RAW taping, then followed it up two days later by pinning Chuck Williams in a dark match taping at Wrestling Challenge.[14] After several more losses, Horowitz appeared at SummerSlam '93 when he lost to Owen Hart in a dark match. A month later, Horowitz gained another pair of victories in television dark matches, defeating Mike Davis and Scott Taylor(the future Scotty Too Hotty). In November Horowitz made his pay-per-view debut under a mask at the 1993 Survivor Series as The Red Knight, teaming with Shawn Michaels (who was substituting for Jerry Lawler) and the Black and Blue Knights to lose to Bret, Owen, Keith, and Bruce Hart.[1] Following the PPV, Horowitz began teaming with his old partner Steve Lombardi as The Red & Black Knights on the house show circuit, losing to Men on a Mission multiple times in December.

Despite his status as a jobber, Horowitz would occasionally wrestle in matches of greater prominence. He was instrumental in starting the feud between reigning tag team champions, The Quebecers, and the “1-2-3” Kid. The Quebecers were set to defend their titles against Horowitz and Reno Riggins but Horowitz brought in the Kid as a last-minute replacement partner. Though the Quebecers prevailed in the match, the Kid would continue to challenge for the tag team titles, albeit with changing partners and without Horowitz. Barry would return to teaming with Reno Riggins during 1994, facing The Smoking Gunns and Men on a Mission on multiple occasions. Despite numerous defeats, Horowitz did gain two victories in 1994 by defeating Ben Jordan and Mark Thomas. He also faced Thurman "Sparky" Plugg in the latter's first WWF match.[15]

Horowitz entered 1995 still mired in the preliminary ranks and lost to Chris Candido in the soon to be BodyDonna Skip's first match.[16] Ironically it would be this opponent who would be the catalyst for a career turnaround that summer. Horowitz's schedule began to pick up and he wrestled Henry Godwinn, Mantaur, Shawn Michaels, and others. On the March 13, 1995 episode of Monday Night Raw, Horowitz received a shot at Jeff Jarrett's Intercontinental Championship. It was a competitive match, but Horowitz lost via submission to Jarrett's figure-four leg lock. On May 25, 1995 in Manitoba he began a house show series against Skip of the Body Donnas, losing to him all seven times.

Finally, a month later, Horowitz received the first push of his WWF career, beginning with pinning Bodydonna Skip on the July 9, 1995 airing of The Action Zone, leading to commentator Jim Ross shouting "Horowitz wins! Horowitz wins!" into his microphone in disbelief. Horowitz faced Skip on the August 5th episode of WWF Superstars after the Body Donna said that Horowitz could not last ten minutes in a match. Horowitz avoided a pinfall for the ten minutes, leading to a third televised match between them at SummerSlam 1995. Horowitz won this encounter, gaining his first ever PPV victory.[1] These wins led to Horowitz becoming a popular underdog with WWF fans. During this time, the WWF played up Horowitz's Jewish heritage, introducing a Star of David on his wrestling trunks and making his entrance theme an upbeat version of the Jewish folk song "Hava Nagila". The character was also developed with the portrayal of Horowitz as a stereotypical nerd when not wrestling, showing Horowitz with large glasses, dress shirts buttoned up all the way, and a pocket protector. Horowitz formed a tag team with the newly turned face Hakushi–whom he attempted to Americanize (as shown in a series of vignettes with Horowitz describing American culture and institutions to Hakushi) after beating him in another upset. At the 1995 Survivor Series, they teamed with Bob Holly and Marty Jannetty in a loss to Skip, Rad Radford, Tom Prichard, and The 1-2-3 Kid. A month later at In Your House 5 Horowitz teamed with Hakushi and The Smoking Gunns to defeat The Body Donnas, Yokozuna, and Isaac Yankem in a dark match at the PPV. He closed out the year teaming frequently with Fatu and Hakushi and coming out victorious over Skip, Kama, and Yankem on the house show circuit.

Horowitz appeared in the 1996 Royal Rumble match, as the 25th entrant, where he was eliminated by Owen Hart. However, despite his elevation in the roster, Horowitz quickly returned to a long losing streak, being defeated by Steve Austin, Hunter Hearst Helmsley, Duke Droese, and Savio Vega in January and February. He rebounded to defeat Isaac Yankem (Kane) in Hartford, CT on March 15, but then entered another losing streak that would not end until May 28, when he upset Owen Hart after the referee reversed the decision.[17] Horowitz then went on another long streak, falling to Farooq, Goldust, and Salvatore Sincere. His final televised match came on the February 24, 1997 when he teamed with Freddy Joe Floyd against The Headbangers on Shotgun Saturday Night.[18] His last WWF match was in Kuwait City, Kuwait on April 12, 1997 against Freddy Joe Floyd.

Return to WCW (1997–2000)[edit]

Horowitz's contract was not renewed by the WWF in 1997, and he joined World Championship Wrestling in October 1997, wrestling Disco Inferno on WCW Saturday Night.[19] He signed a two-year contract and wrestled primarily on WCW Saturday Night, but also had numerous house show appearances. He sustained losses to Disco Inferno, Wrath, Chris Adams, Alex Wright, Vincent, and others during 1998. He was also part of Bill Goldberg's undefeated streak, losing to him on January 10, 1998 on WCW Saturday Night and later on May 27, 1998 on WCW Thunder.[20] On October 20 Horowitz gained his first victory in his WCW return, albeit via disqualification in a match against Barry Darsow at a television taping in Mankato, MN. On November 22, 1998 he made his first PPV appearance, wrestling in the three ring, 60 man battle royal at WrestleWar 3.

In early 2000 he began his first feud in WCW after losing to Allan Funk on the March 11th edition of WCW Saturday Night. Funk defeated Horowitz using a handful of tights. A week later on Saturday Night during a match between Fidel Sierra and Funk, Horowitz came out to the ring and distracted Funk, allowing the former Cuban Assassin to win. Horowitz's final WCW appearance came at the last ever taping of the venerable WCW Saturday Night on March 29, 2000 in Beaumont, Texas. He faced Jim Duggan and was defeated after Allan Funk came out an interfered.[21]

He then left WCW in 2000 and returned to the independent circuit.

Return to the independent circuit (2000–present)[edit]

As of June 2005, Horowitz was working as a nutritionist in Florida, while occasionally wrestling for local independent promotions. He was featured on the (renamed) WWE's website "Where Are They Now?" column on October 22, 2008.

Popular culture[edit]

Horowitz is the subject of a song by rapper Action Bronson,[22] though Horowitz has indicated that Bronson did not get permission to use his name or likeness.[23]

In wrestling[edit]

Championships and accomplishments[edit]

Horowitz Singles Wins (WWE, GWF, WCW)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Barry Horowitz's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Barry Horowitz". Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  3. ^ World Wrestling Insanity: The ... May 28, 2006. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ I'm Next: The Strange Journey of ... Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Florida Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-Titles.com. Retrieved December 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "The History of WWE : 1987". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "The History of WWE : 1988". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "The History of WWE : 1989". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  9. ^ "The History of WWE : 1990". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  10. ^ a b c "WCW1990". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  11. ^ "GWF Light Heavyweight Title". Wrestling-Titles.com. Retrieved December 23, 2011. 
  12. ^ "The History of WWE : 1991". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  13. ^ a b c "The History of WWE : 1992". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "The History of WWE : 1993". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  15. ^ a b c "The History of WWE : 1994". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "The History of WWE : 1995". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The History of WWE : 1996". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  18. ^ a b "The History of WWE : 1997". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  19. ^ "WCW 1997". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  20. ^ "WCW 1998". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  21. ^ "WCW 2000-01". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  22. ^ Action Bronson - 'Barry Horowitz' on YouTube
  23. ^ Herzog, Kenny (2014-01-07). "Don't Call Me a Jobber: Barry Horowitz Has Beef With Action Bronson". rollingstone.com. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  24. ^ a b "The Official RSP-W Finishing Moves List". Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  25. ^ "Bruno Lauer's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Archived from the original on 28 June 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009. 
  26. ^ Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  27. ^ "Independent Wrestling Results – September 2002". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved July 6, 2008. 
  28. ^ "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners Inspirational Wrestler of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved July 27, 2008. 
  29. ^ a b c d "Results « Global Wrestling Federation (GWF) « Promotions Database « CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". Cagematch.net. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  30. ^ "GWF Light Heavyweight Championship « Titles Database « CAGEMATCH - The Internet Wrestling Database". Cagematch.net. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 
  31. ^ "WCW 1998". Thehistoryofwwe.com. Retrieved 2016-05-20. 

External links[edit]