Barry McKenzie (full name: Barrington Bradman Bing McKenzie) is a fictional character created in 1964 by the Australian comedian Barry Humphries (but suggested by Peter Cook) for a comic strip, written by Humphries and drawn by New Zealand artist Nicholas Garland in the British satirical magazine Private Eye. He was subsequently portrayed by Australian singer Barry Crocker in two films in the 1970s.
One of Humphries' early stage characters was a surfer named Buster Thompson, who served as a prototype for Barry McKenzie. Humphries has noted that after Peter Cook heard a recording of Thompson in New York in 1962, he invited him to devise a similar character for Private Eye.
The comic strip about a "randy, boozy Australian rampaging through Swinging London" was very popular, but Eye editor Richard Ingrams eventually dropped it on account of Humphries’ drinking and missing deadlines (Ingrams gave up alcohol in the 1960s, as did Humphries in the 1970s). Ingrams said that "Humphries was at that stage a serious alcoholic".
The Private Eye comic strips were compiled into three books, The Wonderful World of Barry McKenzie (1968), in which McKenzie travels to Britain to claim his inheritance, followed by Bazza Pulls It Off! (1971), and later, Bazza Comes Into His Own: The Final Fescennine Farago of Barry McKenzie, Australia's First Working-Class Hero—With Learned and Scholarly Appendices and a New Enlarged Glossary (1979). The first two books were published in London and initially banned in Australia with the Minister for Customs and Excise stating the comic "relied on indecency for its humour". The three books and unpublished strips were compiled for The Complete Barry McKenzie: Not so Much a Legendary Strip, More a Resonant Social History Per Se, which was published in 1988 and featured a preface by Sir Les Patterson.
In 1972, the film The Adventures of Barry McKenzie was released, based on the first published book. In 1974, a sequel, Barry McKenzie Holds His Own, was made. The films starred Barry Crocker as McKenzie, and chronicled the character's adventures in Britain and France respectively. In the films, McKenzie is the nephew of another of Humphries' characters, Edna Everage. Despite the banning of The Wonderful World of Barry McKenzie in Australia, the films received considerable support from the Australian government of John Gorton, becoming the first to receive funding from the Australian Film Development Commission. Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam appeared in Barry McKenzie Holds His Own, granting a damehood to McKenzie's aunt, Edna Everage.
The character was a parody of the boorish Australian overseas, particularly those residing in Britain – ignorant, loud, crude, drunk, and punchy – although McKenzie also proved popular with Australians because he embodied some of their positive characteristics: he was friendly, forthright, and straightforward with his British hosts, who themselves were often portrayed as stereotypes of pompous, arrogant, devious colonialists.
McKenzie frequently employs euphemisms for bodily functions or sexual allusions, one of the most well-known being "technicolour yawn" (vomiting). The film popularised several Australian euphemisms and slang terms which are still used today in the Australian vernacular (such as "point Percy at the porcelain", "sink the sausage" and "flash the nasty"). Some of the sayings were invented by Humphries, while other terms were borrowed from existing Australian slang such as "chunder" and "up shit creek" (adopted by the Australian poetry magazine Shit Creek Review).
- Rebecca Coyle and Michael Hannan: Marking time in the Barry McKenzie films' music Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., La Trobe University, 2005
- Macnab, Geoffrey: Bazza turns 30, The Age, 23 March 2003
- Paul Matthew St Pierre (30 September 2004). A Portrait of the Artist as Australian: L'Oeuvre bizarre de Barry Humphries. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. pp. 166–. ISBN 978-0-7735-7162-4.
- "The consummate amateur" by William Cook, The Oldie [London], September 2016 page 16.
- "The Mythical Australian: Barry Humphries, Gough Whitlam and "new nationalism"". The Australian Journal of Politics and History. 1 March 2005. Archived from the original on 26 July 2009.
- The Adventures of Barry McKenzie (1972), National Film and Sound Archive
- Partridge, Eric (2006). The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-25938-X.
- Quinion, Michael: Q&A: Chunder Archived June 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., World Wide Words, 22 June 2002
- Up Shit Creek without a paddle Everything2, 26 November 2002
- Down Under song information Songfacts; Retrieved 27 January 2009