Barry McKenzie (full name: Barrington Bradman Bing McKenzie) is a fictional character created by the Australian comedian Barry Humphries (but suggested by Peter Cook) for a comic strip, written by Humphries and drawn by New Zealand artist Nicholas Garland in 1964, in the British satirical magazine Private Eye.
The Private Eye comic strips were compiled into two books, The Wonderful World of Barry McKenzie (1968), in which McKenzie travels to Britain to claim an inheritance, and later, Bazza pulls it off! (1971). The books were published in London, but were banned in Australia with the Minister for Customs and Excise stating that they "relied on indecency for its humour".
In 1972, the film The Adventures of Barry McKenzie was released, based on the first published book. In 1974, a sequel, Barry McKenzie Holds His Own, was made. The films starred Australian singer Barry Crocker as McKenzie, and chronicled the character's adventures in Britain and France respectively. In the films, McKenzie is the nephew of another of Humphries' characters, Edna Everage. Despite the banning of The Wonderful World of Barry McKenzie in Australia, the films received considerable support from the Australian government of John Gorton, becoming the first to receive funding from the Australian Film Development Commission. Later Prime Minister Gough Whitlam even made an appearance in Barry McKenzie Holds His Own, where he granted a damehood to McKenzie's aunt, Edna Everage.
The character was a parody of the boorish Australian overseas, particularly those residing in Britain – ignorant, loud, crude, drunk and punchy – although McKenzie also proved popular with Australians because he embodied some of their positive characteristics: he was friendly, forthright and straightforward with his British hosts, who themselves were often portrayed as stereotypes of pompous, arrogant, devious colonialists.
McKenzie frequently employs euphemisms for bodily functions or sexual allusions, one of the most well-known being "technicolour yawn" (vomiting). The film popularised several Australian euphemisms and slang terms which are still used today in the Australian vernacular (such as "point Percy at the porcelain", "sink the sausage" and "flash the nasty"). Some of the sayings were invented by Humphries, while other terms were borrowed from existing Australian slang such as "chunder" and "up shit creek" (adopted by the Australian poetry magazine Shit Creek Review).
- Private Eye books
- The Adventures of Barry McKenzie (1972 film)
- Barry McKenzie Holds His Own (1974 sequel film)
- Rebecca Coyle and Michael Hannan: Marking time in the Barry McKenzie films' music Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., La Trobe University, 2005
- Macnab, Geoffrey: Bazza turns 30, The Age, 23 March 2003
- "The Mythical Australian: Barry Humphries, Gough Whitlam and "new nationalism"". The Australian Journal of Politics and History. 1 March 2005. Archived from the original on 26 July 2009.
- The Adventures of Barry McKenzie (1972), National Film and Sound Archive
- Partridge, Eric (2006). The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-25938-X.
- Quinion, Michael: Q&A: Chunder Archived June 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., World Wide Words, 22 June 2002
- Up Shit Creek without a paddle Everything2, 26 November 2002
- Down Under song information Songfacts; Retrieved 27 January 2009