Barry Railway Class H

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Barry Railway Class H
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Sharp, Stewart & Co.
Serial number 4182–4188
Build date 1896
Total produced 7
 • Whyte 0-8-2T
 • UIC D1 n2t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia. 4 ft 3 in (1.295 m)
Trailing dia. 3 ft 6 in (1.067 m)
Wheelbase 15 ft 5 in (4.699 m)
Length 38 ft 5 in (11.709 m)
Loco weight 73 long tons 0 cwt (163,500 lb or 74.2 t) (81.8 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
 • Firegrate area
22.75 sq ft (2.114 m2)
Boiler pressure 150 psi (1.03 MPa)
Heating surface 1,119 sq ft (104.0 m2)
Superheater None
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 20 in × 26 in (508 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Performance figures
Tractive effort 25,920 lbf (115.30 kN)
Operators BRGWR
Numbers Barry: 79–85,
GWR: 1380–1386
Withdrawn 1925–1930
Disposition All scrapped

The Barry Railway class H was a small class of seven 0-8-2T tank locomotives built for the Barry Railway by Sharp Stewart in 1896. When they were introduced they were the first locomotives in Britain to use the 0-8-2 wheel arrangement.[1]


When the Barry Railway had need of some powerful locomotives to power coal trains on the Vale of Glamorgan Line it turned to Sharp Stewart, who had supplied most of the locos on the railway, for a suitable engine. The result was the Class H 0-8-2T, which had small driving wheels to give a high tractive effort, and were heavy (for the time) giving good braking. Seven locomotives were delivered in 1896, and numbered 79–85, the numbers being carried on an oval plate attached to the side tanks.[1] Once delivered however, the Class H locos were employed in hauling heavy coal trains between Barry Docks and the large yard at Cadoxton, and in this way they spent their working lives.

With the grouping in 1922, the Barry Railway became part of the Great Western Railway which renumbered the locos 1380–1386, placing the new numbers on the bunker behind the cab door, and designating them 1380 class in the GWR records. Improvements were made to numbers 1380 and 1383 at Swindon Works including GW pattern safety bonnets, enlarged bunkers, new buffers and an extended smokebox, the changes adding an extra ton to the loco weight. At the same time the boiler pressure on these two locos was raised by 10 psi (69 kPa) with the tractive effort also being increased appropriately.[1] Despite this the locos were non-standard in GWR terms, and were all scrapped between 1925 and 1930.


  1. ^ a b c Beattie, Ian (November 1986). "Barry Railway Class H 0-8-2T". Railway Modeller. Seaton, Devon: Peco Publications and Publicity Ltd. 38 (433): 476–477. 
  • Casserley, H. C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1966). Locomotives at the Grouping 4: Great Western Railway. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Limited. p. 88.