Bars County

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Bars County
Comitatus Barsiensis  (Latin)
Bars vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Bars  (German)
Tekovská župa  (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920

Coat of arms of Bars

Coat of arms

Location of Bars
Capital Aranyosmarót
48°23′N 18°24′E / 48.383°N 18.400°E / 48.383; 18.400Coordinates: 48°23′N 18°24′E / 48.383°N 18.400°E / 48.383; 18.400
History
 •  Established 11th century
 •  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 •  1910 2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 178,500 
Density 65.5 /km2  (169.7 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia
Zlaté Moravce is the current name of the capital.

Bars (Latin: comitatus Barsiensis, Hungarian: Bars, Slovak: Tekov, German: Barsch) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central and southern Slovakia. Today in Slovakia, Tekov is the informal designation of the corresponding territory.

Geography[edit]

Map of Bars County

Bars County shared borders with the Hungarian counties Nyitra, Turóc, Zólyom, Hont, Esztergom and Komárom. It was situated along the Garam river between Hont in the east, Körmöcbánya and Felsőbesenyő in the north (which were part of the county), the Zsitva river in the west, and Zsitvabesenyő and Bény in the south (which was not part of the county). The rivers Garam and Zsitva ran through the county. The county was characterised by mining. Around 1910, its area was 2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi).

Capitals[edit]

The capital of the county was the Bars Castle, then the Léva Castle, then from the late 16th century Kistapolcsány and since the late 18th century Aranyosmarót.

History[edit]

The county arose in the 11th century. The southern part of this county was occupied by Ottoman Empire between 1663 and 1685 and managed as Uyvar eyalet by her. In the aftermath of World War I, the area became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon.

Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, the southern part of the area were returned to Hungary in November 1938. This was merged with the southern part of former Hont county to form Bars-Hont county, with capital Léva.

After World War II, the Trianon borders were restored and the area was completely in Czechoslovakia again. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Tekov became part of Slovakia.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 165,122 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 178,500 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

Bars county administrative map.jpg

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Bars county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
     Aranyosmarót Aranyosmarót, (Slovak: Zlaté Moravce)
     Garamszentkereszt Garamszentkereszt, (Slovak: Žiar nad Hronom)
     Léva Léva, (Slovak: Levice)
     Oszlány Oszlány, (Slovak: Oslany)
     Verebély Verebély, (Slovak: Vráble)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Körmöcbánya, (Slovak: Kremnica)
Léva, (Slovak: Levice)
Újbánya, (Slovak: Nová Baňa)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24.