Barsebäck Nuclear Power Plant
|Barsebäck nuclear power plant|
|Commission date||May 15, 1975|
|Decommission date||Reactor 1: November 30, 1999 Reactor 2: May 31, 2005|
|Operator(s)||Barsebäck Kraft AB|
|Nuclear power station|
|Units decommissioned||2 x 615 MW|
|Annual output||3,572 GWh|
Located 20 kilometers from the Danish capital, Copenhagen, the Danish government pressed for its closure during the entirety of its operating lifetime. As a result of a now former Swedish nuclear power phase-out, its two reactors have been closed down. The first reactor, Barsebäck 1, was closed November 30, 1999, and the second, Barsebäck 2, ceased operations May 31, 2005. At the time of closure, each reactor had a net capacity of 600 megawatts. Unit 1 supplied 93,8 TWh and unit 2 108 TWh to the electrical grid.
Land for the plant was bought in 1965 by the energy company Sydkraft, and the first of the two BWR reactors was ordered from Asea-Atom in 1969. Unit one first attained criticality on January 18, 1975 and commercial operation began on May 15. The second reactor attained criticality on March 21, 1977 and commercial operation began on July 1. Following a decision in the Riksdag in 1997, the Government of Sweden decided that the first reactor was to close July 1, 1998, and the second July 1, 2001. Due to the operator's appeal of the decision and lack of emission-free replacement, the closure was postponed.
The demolition of the facility will await the construction of a storage facility, scheduled to be ready in the 2020s.