Barstow, Texas

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Barstow, Texas
City
Barstow city limits
Barstow city limits
Location of Barstow, Texas
Location of Barstow, Texas
Ward County Barstow.svg
Coordinates: 31°27′45″N 103°23′44″W / 31.46250°N 103.39556°W / 31.46250; -103.39556Coordinates: 31°27′45″N 103°23′44″W / 31.46250°N 103.39556°W / 31.46250; -103.39556
Country United States
State Texas
County Ward
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Land 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,566 ft (782 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 349
 • Density 500/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79719
Area code(s) 432
FIPS code 48-05720[1]
GNIS feature ID 1351550[2]

Barstow is a city in Ward County, in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 349 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Barstow was organized in 1892 by George E. Barstow, who was one of the world's leading experts on irrigation.[3] The same year Barstow was elected First Ward County Seat. A courthouse was built the following year, and by 1900 the cities population was over than 1,000 due to the recruiting efforts of Mr. Barstow.[3] Irrigation was successful enough that in the 1904 World's Fair, Barstow managed to win a Silver Medal for its grapes.[3] That same year fruit and vegetable farming was hit hard when the Pecos River Dam broke. After that droughts followed and by 1918 farming was impossible.[3] The population in 1930 was 468 - less than half of the 1910s 1,219.[3]

Geography[edit]

Barstow is located at 31°27′45″N 103°23′44″W / 31.46250°N 103.39556°W / 31.46250; -103.39556 (31.462523, -103.395426).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 490
1930 468 −4.5%
1940 558 19.2%
1950 683 22.4%
1960 707 3.5%
1970 614 −13.2%
1980 637 3.7%
1990 535 −16.0%
2000 406 −24.1%
2010 349 −14.0%
Est. 2015 379 [5] 8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 406 people, 146 households, and 108 families residing in the city. The population density was 607.3 people per square mile (234.0/km²). There were 175 housing units at an average density of 261.8 per square mile (100.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.09% White, 0.25% African American, 0.25% Asian, 21.43% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 78.08% of the population.

There were 146 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 18.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 114.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $15,000, and the median income for a family was $23,333. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $12,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $7,642. About 41.7% of families and 39.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.0% of those under age 18 and 34.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Barstow is served by the Pecos-Barstow-Toyah Independent School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Barstow, Texas, Historic Barstow.". www.texasescapes.com. Retrieved 2016-05-29. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.