Barstow Harvey House
|Other names||Barstow Harvey House|
|Location||685 North 1st Avenue|
Barstow, California 92311
|Owned by||City of Barstow/BNSF|
|Line(s)||BNSF Railway Southern Transcon|
|Platforms||1 side platform |
(others out of service)
|Tracks||Only 1 passing siding and 1 through track remaining|
|Station code||Amtrak code: BAR|
|Opened||February 22, 1911|
|2017||3,509 11.3% (Amtrak)|
Harvey House Railroad Depot
|Area||1.1 acres (0.4 ha)|
|Architect||Francis W. Wilson|
|Architectural style||Santa Fe|
|NRHP reference No.||75000458|
|Added to NRHP||April 3, 1975|
Barstow Harvey House, also known as Harvey House Railroad Depot and Barstow station, is a historic building in Barstow, California. Originally built in 1911 as Casa del Desierto, a Harvey House hotel and Santa Fe Railroad depot, it currently serves as an Amtrak station and government building housing city offices, the Barstow Chamber of Commerce and Visitor Center, and two museums.
History and architecture
The Casa del Desierto station and hotel was built in 1911 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway to replace an earlier one built in 1885 that burned in 1908. The Santa Fe closed the station in 1973. It became derelict until bought by the City of Barstow, and rebuilt following heavy damage in a 1992 earthquake.
The building is a synthesis of Spanish Renaissance and Classical Revival architecture styles, with a Moorish feeling as well. The concrete frame is faced with red tapestry brick and beige artificial stone. Majestic arcades and colonnades line the facade, providing shade from the desert sun. Red clay barrel tiles are used to cover the roof. Towers at the building's corners, and those of the central projecting bay facing the tracks, are capped with pointed roofs or painted domes.
Francis W. Wilson is the architect credited by the Historic American Buildings Survey of the National Park Service. Amtrak's Great American Stations site says that "according to contemporary accounts, the Casa del Desierto ... was designed by Francis W. Wilson of Santa Barbara, Calif." Earlier Wilson had designed the Fray Marcos hotel in Williams, Arizona, and El Garces in Needles for the Santa Fe and Fred Harvey.
The historic structure is the finest remaining depot-hotel in California, an elegant presence in the Mojave Desert beside the intermittent Mojave River. In the 1950s, the Barstow Harvey House was listed in the Green Book guide of business establishments that were friendly to African-American motorists.[page needed]
Restoration and museums
The City of Barstow obtained the station in 1990. After restoration and more than $8 million in repairs to earthquake damage, several city offices moved into the building. The Barstow Area Chamber of Commerce & Visitor Center also operates out of the former Harvey House. Other public institutions located here are the Western America Railroad Museum on the east side and the Route 66 "Mother Road" Museum on the north side.
Platforms and tracks
|1–2||■ Southwest Chief||toward Los Angeles (Victorville)|
|■ Southwest Chief||toward Chicago (Needles)|
- Fred Harvey (entrepreneur)
- Kelso Depot – Visitors Center
- El Garces Hotel – Needles, California
- California Historical Landmarks in San Bernardino County, California
- "Barstow, CA (BAR)". amtrak.com. Amtrak. Retrieved 11 Jan 2014.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of California" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Harvey House". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 13 Oct 2012.
- Survey, Historic American Buildings. "Casa Del Desierto, 685 North First Avenue, Barstow, San Bernardino County, CA". www.loc.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- "Barstow, CA (BAR)". Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- Taylor, Candacy (2020). Overground Railroad: The Green Book and the Roots of Black Travel in America. New York: Abrams. ISBN 978-1419738173.
Media related to Harvey House Railroad Depot at Wikimedia Commons