Bart De Wever
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|Bart De Wever|
|Mayor of Antwerp|
Assumed office |
1 January 2013
|Preceded by||Patrick Janssens|
|Leader of the New Flemish Alliance|
Assumed office |
|Preceded by||Geert Bourgeois|
Bart Albert Liliane De Wever|
21 December 1970
People's Union (Before 2001)|
New Flemish Alliance
|Alma mater||Catholic University of Leuven|
Bart Albert Liliane De Wever (Dutch: [ˈbɑrt də ˈʋeːvər]; born 21 December 1970) is a Belgian politician. Since 2004 De Wever has been the leader of the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA), a Belgian political party advocating independence for the Flemish region of Belgium within the European Union; he is also a member of the Chamber of Representatives. He played a prominent role in the 2007 Belgian government formation and presided over his party's victory in the 2010 federal elections when N-VA became the largest party in both Flanders and in Belgium as a whole.
Born in Mortsel, De Wever attended the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL), graduating with a licentiate (equivalent of the master's degree) in History. As a student he was a member of the Liberaal Vlaams Studentenverbond (LVSV, Liberal Flemish Students' Union), the Katholiek Vlaams Hoogstudentenverbond (KVHV, Catholic Flemish Students' Union) of Antwerp and Leuven. He is a former editor-in-chief of the KVHV newspapers Tegenstroom (magazine of KVHV in Antwerp) and Ons Leven (in Leuven).
He was employed as a research assistant working on the Nieuwe Encyclopedie van de Vlaamse Beweging (New Encyclopedia of the Flemish Movement). In 2004, he was elected as party leader of the N-VA with 95% of the votes, being the only candidate up for election.
De Wever went through a rough stretch in 2006 when he accepted the conservative-liberal[clarification needed] Jean-Marie Dedecker as an N-VA member, causing a split with the CD&V party. In order to reconcile the party, Dedecker had to leave. Although he was extensively criticised, the local N-VA leaders permitted De Wever to remain as N-VA president.
In the 2009 regional elections, his party won an unexpectedly high 13% of the votes, making N-VA the overall winner of the elections together with old cartel partner CD&V. N-VA subsequently joined the government,[clarification needed] with De Wever choosing to remain party president and appointing two other party members as ministers in the Flemish Government and one party member as speaker of the Flemish Parliament.
Under his presidency his party gained around 30% of the votes in Flanders during federal elections held on June 13, 2010. De Wever himself won the most preference votes of the Dutch-speaking region (nearly 800,000).
He is an avowed admirer of Edmund Burke and of his political philosophy.
The historian Bruno de Wever is his older brother.
- Member of the district council of Berchem (1996–1997)
- Member of the Flemish Parliament. (2004–2007)
- President of N-VA (2004- )
- Representative (2007- )
- Member of Antwerp municipal council (2007- )
- Mayor of Antwerp (2013- )
2010 Belgian Federal Election
An early election was held on 13 June 2010, resulting in the N-VA winning most votes in the Dutch-speaking areas and the Socialist Party (PS) in French-speaking Belgium. Nationally the two parties were almost even with 27 seats for the N-VA and 26 for the PS, the remaining seats being split between ten other parties. For 541 days after the elections, no agreement could be reached among the parties on a coalition to form a new government and during that period the country continued to be governed by an interim government. On 6 December 2011 the Di Rupo I Government was sworn in. De Wever and the N-VA were not included in the makeup of this government.
Regarding the May 25, 2014 federal election, PS party leader Elio Di Rupo noted that his party will be unwilling to enter into a dialogue with De Wever and the N-VA regarding forming a new federal government.
In 1996, he was photographed attending a conference held by the French extreme-right Front National leader Jean-Marie Le Pen. De Wever justified his attendance by arguing that "in a democracy everyone should have the right to express his opinion, even if it's an opinion I detest. And I always prefer to get my information first hand than to get it in a filtered way."
In October 2007, in reaction to the apology of the Mayor of Antwerp for his city's collaboration in the deportation of Jews during World War II, Bart De Wever said that:
- "Antwerp did not organise the deportation of the Jews, it was the victim of Nazi occupation ... Those who were in power at the time had to take tricky decisions in difficult times. I don't find it very courageous to stigmatise them now."
He later issued an apology to representatives of Antwerp's Jewish community. Following these events, in an op-ed published in Le Monde, the Belgian French-speaking writer Pierre Mertens claimed that Bart De Wever was a "convinced negationist leader". De Wever sued Mertens for this allegation.
In July 2016, he called Angela Merkel personally responsible for the "mess she, herself has created" in relation to the 2016 terrorist attacks in Germany. On the radio channel Radio 1, he claimed that Angela Merkel should have led a European military coalition against ISIS/ISIL in 2015, that she was not a true leader, and insinuated that she could have partially prevented the attacks. De Wever was criticized for this by the leader of the SP.A, John Crombez, who said to be ashamed for the claim that Merkel would be the cause of the "great problems in Europe". De Wever's remarks were also countered by other Belgian politicians, as well as by a Flemish journalist. De Wever also claimed that Merkel has caused the rise of Donald Trump, Geert Wilders and Marine Le Pen.
Death threats and illness
In December 2013, the Belgian newspaper Het Laatste Nieuws received a bullet in the post with a letter addressed to Bart De Wever, apparently from a communist extremist. De Wever received police protection.
In March 2014, Bart De Wever made a live appearance at the Flemish television awards, dressed in a Panda suit; a reference to a decision by the Di Rupo government to import two pandas (Hao Hao en Xing Hui) at a cost per panda greater than the legal maximum director's salary in Belgium. Nevertheless, because those pandas are initially gifts from the People's Republic of China, Di Rupo thought of it as impolite to refuse.
- "Bart De Wever behaalde 785.776 voorkeurstemmen". Knack (in Dutch). 14 June 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- "De Wever ook koning van de voorkeurstemmen". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). 13 June 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- Auteur: llo. "Bart De Wever praat met eerste minister David Cameron - Het Nieuwsblad". Nieuwsblad.be. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "De Wever has "a good conversation" with Cameron". Deredactie.be. 2011-03-18. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "New government sworn in at Laken Castle". FlandersNews.be. 6 December 2011. Archived from the original on 7 December 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- Belgium close to governing coalition after 18-month gap, BBC News, December 2011
- (in Dutch) In Europe, we are one of the top countries, De Standaard, May 2014
- Pierre Gilissen, La photo qui énerve Bart de Wever, Le Soir, 31 August 2007.
- A Belgian leader flirts with the far-right, blog post by 'Charlemagne', 31 October 2007, hosted by The Economist.
- Flemish nationalist politician apologizes to Antwerp Jews Archived November 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., European Jewish Press, October 2007.
- (in Dutch) Le Soir daagt De Wever uit, De Standaard, 8 July 2008.
- (fr) Bart de Wever attaque Pierre Mertens, La Dernière Heure, 8 July 2008.
- "De Wever: "Merkel heeft deze puinhoop zelf veroorzaakt". Wir schaffen das". De Morgen. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- "'Wereldleider met grootste ballen is een vrouw'. Ook positieve geluiden vanuit Belgische politiek na Merkels 'Wir schaffen das'". De Standaard. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- Fidal, Koen (28 July 2016). "Merkel heeft meer lef dan alle andere Europese staatsleiders samen". De Morgen. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- "De Wever: 'Merkel heeft weg geplaveid voor Trump, Wilders en Le Pen'". De Standaard. Vluchtelingencrisis. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- Michael Torfs. "Het Laatste Nieuws receives bullet for Bart De Wever". Deredactie.be. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- Michael Torfs (2013-11-21). "Bart De Wever hospitalised". Deredactie.be. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "Bart De Wever ligt opnieuw in het ziekenhuis" (in Dutch). Demorgen.be. 2014-02-13. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- "Panda De Wever valt van podium | VTM NIEUWS" (in Dutch). Nieuws.vtm.be. 2014-03-15. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- Anja Otte. "Fifth column: Bring in the pandas | Flanders Today". Flanderstoday.eu. Retrieved 2014-07-09.
- Belga (21 February 2014). ""Le prêt des pandas à Pairi Daiza : un coût de 10 millions"" (in French). Le soir. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
Media related to Bart De Wever at Wikimedia Commons